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Tropical Andes

Biodiversity hotspot
by

Andy Ton

on 24 October 2012

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Transcript of Tropical Andes

Tropical Andes By Andy A biodiversity hotspot is a region with a significant reservoir of biodiversity that is under threat from humans. This has been caused by increasing levels of human activities in recent decades from... Colonization Logging Agricultural development Mining The Tropical Andes is a sub region of the Andes mountains located in South America, following the path of the Andes. Tropical Andes Andes Mountains The Tropical Andes run through seven countries, which are Peru Chile Argentina Columbia Ecuador Bolivia Venezuela The Tropical Andes have lost around 75% of its original land from 1,258,000 km^2 decreasing to about 314,500^2. There is a very diverse landscape in the Tropical Andes which includes multiple ecosystems in this area. These ecosystems include... Rainforests Paramo Dry Forests Grasslands Cloud Forests The Tropical Andes is home to over
30,000-35,000 species of plants accounting for 10% of all the world's plant species.
This hotspot is home to around 20,000 plant species that are endemic and found
nowhere else in the world. The Tropical Andes is the biologically richest and most diverse of Earth's biodiversity hotspots and is even referred to as "the global epicenter of biodiversity." The Tropical Andes is also home to over 4,000 vertebrates or in other words animal species. About 1,700 of these species are endemic to this area. An endemic plant species in the Tropical Andes is the Andean Bromeliad. It is very unique and can take up to a century to mature. An endemic animal species here is the Marvelous Spatuletail. The body itself is extremely small and has been compared to the size of a ping pong ball. The male has a blue crest on top of his head and green on his sides. He has four long feathers in his tail, two of which are long racquet-shaped outer tail feathers that end in large discs. The male can move these feathers independently. The female's tail is much shorter with drop-shaped rackets. She also lacks the colourful body seen in a male. Female Male Economic conditions!$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$! The Tropical Andes region is home to over 30 million people. It is primarily a peasant economy consisting of agriculture and livestock. There are also a lot of llamas. Just putting that out there... The past five extinctions on earth have happened due to natural and physical causes like extreme climate change or an asteroid hitting the planet. The sixth extinction is the next annihilation of a vast number of species caused by homo sapiens. Many species are becoming extinct everyday due to many things like the destruction of ecosystems. We need to care about the Tropical Andes because there are over 39,000 species of vertebrates and plants living in this area! It even known as, "The global epicenter of biodiversity," containing more plants and vertebrates than any other hotspot in the world. Right now only about 8% of the hotspot is being protected in a reserve and without adequate enforcement the areas can be damaged by settlements, poaching and illegal logging. To actually help and protect the Tropical Andes I have a plan. My proposal is to turn the region into a multi-national park or attraction. That way many people can understand the importance of this hotspot amd why we need to preserve it. The people that depend on the Tropical Andes could instead work as tour guides in their local region of the Tropical Andes as a source of income. Thank You for viewing my presentation
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