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DEAF Culture

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Joshua Bean

on 14 April 2015

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Transcript of DEAF Culture

A Spatial Language
kinesics, proxemics, paralinguistics, and appearances
non-verbal communication
American Sign Language
Tuesday, April 14, 2015
What is Deaf Culture?
Hofstede's Dimensions of Culture

Deaf Culture
Kinesics:
the interpretation of body motion and positioning, and of facial expression
takes on a grammatical aspect in ASL
Proxemics:
the use of interpersonal space
paralinguistics:
the tone or pitch of speech
Appearences:
different for ASL communicators and interpreters
Haptics:
any form of interaction involving touch
History
1700-1900
ear trumpet


1760:
first deaf school
World War I & II:
Sing language was used as a "secret language"
1900:
First Silent Movies
and the first patented hearing aids were produced
1960:
ASL (American Sign Language) was recognized as a language
1980:
Cochlear implants were designed
2000's
Advancement in technology and hardware: Deaf culture can be more interactive with the hearing world.
Family
Individuals in deaf culture see their friends as closer than their family members.

Time spent with other deaf individuals is highly valued in this culture.
90% of Deaf children have two hearing parents and 88% of those parents do not learn nor attempt to learn ASL
Religion
No set religion
Formation of a congregation that incorporates sign language into the services and Bible studies.
Churches will usually provide an interpreter if a member of the church is deaf or another member of the congregation will translate.
State
Education
Children were once sent to boarding schools and to homes for the deaf (until recent cochlear implants allowed them to integrate themselves with hearing classrooms).
1975: Congress passed the
Education For All Handicapped Children
Act
Health
Cochlear implants are expensive (around 18,000 dollars and up) and cause much controversy.
-Threatens deaf culture
"minority threatened by majority"
Social
Deaf sports are a worldwide phenomenon that many travel to participate in and watch! i.e. Summer Games for the Deaf and International Committee of Sports for the Deaf (CISS).
Those who participate in team sports also normally like to have a flag instead of any type of sound to signal indications in the game
Community is an important part of deaf culture
MEDIA
Most television programs give the option to watch with close captioning (subtitles)
There is an app called "Deaf Bible", accessible through the app store, that allows the person to read the bible through sign language
Most movies, auditorms and stadiums have discrete listening devices available for any individual who requests it
Uncertainty Avoidance
Individualism vs Collectivism
Power Distance
Other Dimensions
Low Power Distance

Relationships less likely to be based on social standing

More relationships outside of own social group

Communication style more direct, less private
More of a Collectivism model when viewed as a community
Close knit
Can be hard to penetrate by 'outsiders'

Members of Deaf culture often more Individualistic themselves
Bold fashion, hairstyles, etc.
Higher level of Uncertainty Avoidance compared to the United States as a whole.

Communication barriers with most of society can make new or different environments challenging.
Statistics
2 to 4 out of every 1.000 people in the U.S. are "functionally deaf"
consequently over 50% became death later in life
less than 1/ 1,000 people in the U.S. became deaf before they were 18 years old

roughly 500,000 people or .24% of the population sign at home
1 of every 1,000 deaf people in the U.S. reported they were good at signing
National Census of Death Population
Statistics Continued
2-3 out of every 1,000 children in the U.S.are born with a loss of hearing in one or both ears
Over 90% of deaf children are born with parents that are not deaf
25% of people 65-74 years old and 50% of those older than 75 have disabling hearing loss

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
adults older than 70 with hearing loss that could benefit from a hearing aid, less than 30 % have ever used them
16% of people who are of 20-69 years old never used hearing aid though they could benefit from them.
References
"The terms 'hearing impaired," "deaf and hard of hearing", or "people with hearing loss" have been used by public institutions, political groups, and some individuals, as an attempt to be inclusive, but those terms focus on what is perceived as lacking or lost. The term "Deaf" with a capital D is an inclusive term because it focuses on what people
have
- a living culture, an available language, and the infinite, untapped possibility being Deaf can offer."
Kohl's Values
Change
Change is a disruptive, destructive force to be avoided
Being deaf is a physiological difference that should not be changed.
Change destroys the unique characteristic of sharing a common language and history
Time and its Control
No time limits
Saying goodbye is a lengthy process.

Individualism and Privacy
Directness, Openness and Honesty
Very Direct
Open communication
is extremely important.

Informality
No distinct dress. Deaf people can make their own fashion“Deaf Pride” or ASL-themed T-shirts and other articles of clothing.


Eye Contact

Signing Space
Finger Spelling
Parameters
Spatial Agreement
Possessive Pronouns
Rules of Reality
[Untitled image of facial expressions]. Retrieved April 1, 2015, from:http://www.intropsych.com/ch09_motivation/facial_expression.html
(Untitled image of facial expression)
[Untitled comic of deaf non-verbal communications:1]. Retrieved April 1, 2015, from: http://www.thatdeafguy.com/
[Untitled comic of deaf non-verbal communications:2]. Retrieved April 1, 2015, from: http://www.thatdeafguy.com/
[untitled comic:2]
[untitled comic 1]
[untitled image of three people signing]. Retrieved April 1, 2015, from: http://www.georgebrown.ca/C114-2015-2016/
[untitled image of three people signing]
Dan Piraro (Comic). (2009). Untitled [comic strip]. Retrieved April 1, 2015, from: http://bizarro.com/
(Piraro, 2009)
[Untitled PSA on communicating with deaf children]. retrieved April 1, 2015, from: http://ndcscampaigns.com/2014/07/22/19-things-ive-learnt-from-working-at-ndcs/comment-page-1/
[untitled PSA]
[Untitled Image of Bloomberg's interpreter]. Retrieved April 1, 2015, from: http://mentalfloss.com/article/12964/why-do-sign-language-interpreters-look-so-animated
[Untitled image of Bloomberg's interpreter]
References
Smith, Cheri and Mikos, Kevin. 2008.
Signing Naturally: Student Workbook Units 1-6
. DawnSignPress.
Baird, Chuck. 1993. Image retrieved from https://www.pinterest.com/pin/520306563172513222/
Hilary Bradford
Rachel Kilgore
Asha Udradia
Josh Bean
Ari Goncalves
Heide Chazares
Masculinity vs Femininity

Long-term vs Short-term Orientation
Siple, L. (2004, January 1). Understanding Deaf Culture. Retrieved March 27, 2015, from https://www.westerninterpreting.net/win_deafculture.cfm
("United States Cultural Dimensions", n.d.)
(Hofstede, "Dimensions of National Cultures")
(Hofstede, "Dimensions of National Cultures")
Siple, L. (2004, January 1). Deaf Culture. Retrieved March 19, 2015, from http://www.rit.edu/ntid/radscc/system/files/deaf_culture_tip_sheet.pdf
(Cameron, "My Experience in the Deaf Culture")
(Hofstede, "Dimensions of National Cultures")
(Cameron, "My Experience in the Deaf Culture")
(Cameron, "My Experience in the Deaf Culture")
(Hofstede, "Dimensions of National Cultures")
Hladek, G. (2009, January 1). Cochlear Implants, The Deaf Culture, And Ethics. Retrieved March 19, 2015, from http://www.ohio.edu/ethics/tag/deaf-culture/index.html
Cameron, J. (n.d.). My Experience in the Deaf Culture. Retrieved April 13, 2015, from http://jakesfolio.weebly.com/my-experience-in-the-deaf-culture.html

Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions: Understanding Workplace Values Around the World. (n.d.). Retrieved April 13, 2015, from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_66.htm

Hofstede, G., & Hofstede, G. (n.d.). Dimensions of National Cultures. Retrieved April 13, 2015, from http://www.geerthofstede.nl/dimensions-of-national-cultures


References
Steinberg Warren, N. (2010, January 1). Risk Assessment/Counseling and Deaf Culture. Retrieved March 20, 2015, from http://www.geneticcounselingtoolkit.com/cases/Risk Assessment/Risk Assessment and Counseling 9.13.10 FINAL without answer key.pdf
Emmart, J. (2014, August 2). Sign Language Interpreters: Attire Leaves a First & Lasting Impression. Retrieved March 13, 2015, from http://www.streetleverage.com/2014/08/sign-language-interpreters-attire-leaves-a-first-lasting-impression/
Understanding Deaf Culture. (n.d.). Retrieved April 13, 2015, from http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/gov/departments/mcdhh/understanding-deaf-culture.html

United States Cultural Dimensions. (n.d.). Retrieved April 13, 2015, from http://geert-hofstede.com/united-states.html
Siple, L. (2004, January 1). Deaf Culture. Retrieved March 19, 2015, from http://www.rit.edu/ntid/radscc/system/files/deaf_culture_tip_sheet.pdf
Gallaudet University:
Established by Abe lincoln
Leader in deaf education
References

National Institutes of Health (n.d.). National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD): Quick Statistics. Retrieved April 13th, 2015, from: http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/statistics/pages/quick.aspx

Gallaudet University (2011). Research Support & International Affairs. Retrieved April 13th, 2015, from: http://research.gallaudet.edu/Demographics/deaf-US.php

The Internaltional symbol of deafness or hard of hearing. Retrived April 12, 2015, from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hearing_loss

Rorke, Nancy. (2011). Unity of Global Signing. Retrived April 12, 2015, from: http://www.nancyrourke.com/globalsigns.htm






Kohls, L. R. (1984). The Values Americans Live By. Meridian House International.
References
Siple, L., Greer, L., & Holcomb, B. R. (2004). Deaf Culture. Rochester, NY: PEPNet. Retrieved March 15, 2015, from http://www.rit.edu/ntid/radscc/system/files/deaf_culture_tip_sheet.pdf
Start ASL. Deaf Culture. Retrieved April 11, 2015, from http://www.start-american-sign-language.com/deaf-culture.html
Charlie Swinbourne: The 10 annoying habits of deaf people!. Retrieved April 9, 2015, from http://limpingchicken.com/2013/07/10/annoying-habits-of-deaf-people/
Deaf Culture Facts That Might Surprise You. Retrieved April 9, 2015, from http://moonbythesea.hubpages.com/hub/Deaf-Culture-Facts
The Characteristics of Deaf Culture. Retrieved April 9, 2015, from http://hubpages.com/hub/The-Characteristics-of-Deaf-Culture
Deaf Blunt. Retrieved April 9, 2015, from https://ifmyhandscouldspeak.wordpress.com/2010/04/29/deaf-blunt/
- Smith and Mikos 2008
Untitled image. (n.d.). Retrieved April 14, 2015, from (https://media2.wnyc.org/i/1500/1360/l/80/1/beethoven-ear-trumpet.jpg)
Untitled image. (n.d.). Retrieved April 14, 2015, from (https://media2.wnyc.org/i/1500/1360/l/80/1/beethoven-ear-trumpet.jpg)
(Leg, 2015)
Leg, J. (n.d.). Retrieved April 14, 2015, from http://www.handsandvoices.org/comcon/articles/pdfs/deafculture.pdf
Miles, M. (2007, January 1). Disability and Deafness, in the context of Religion, Spirituality, Belief and Morality, in Middle Eastern, South Asian and East Asian Histories and Cultures: Annotated bibliography. Retrieved April 14, 2015, from http://www.independentliving.org/docs7/miles200707.html
(Miles, 2007)
PBS. (n.d.). Retrieved April 14, 2015, from http://www.pbs.org/wnet/soundandfury/culture/deafhistory.html
(PBS, 2015)
(Kohls, "The Values Americans Live By")
(Kohls, "The Values Americans Live By")
(Kohls, "The Values Americans Live By")
(Kohls, "The Values Americans Live By")
Gallaudet University
Hearing Aids
(Smith and Mikos 2008)
(Baird 1993)
(Unknown 2014)
I hope to inspire people who hear. Hearing people have the ability to remove barriers that prevent deaf people from achieving their dreams.
- Marlee Matlin
-Other barriers to healthcare access
Full transcript