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Chapter One: Introduction to Cognitive Behavior Therapy

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LaVerne Bell-Tolliver

on 23 September 2013

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Transcript of Chapter One: Introduction to Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Beck: CBT Therapy
Chapter One: Introduction to
Cognitive Behavior Therapy

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Beck and Psychoanalysis
Beck originally believed psychoanalysis to be empirically valid - but tested it and was proved to be not the case.
Distorted cognitions are a feature of depression
Short term treatment - featuring reality testing was recommended
Cognitive Behavior Therapy
Structured, short-term, present-oriented, psycho-therapy for depression (among other disorders)
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Solves current problems; modifies dysfunctional thinking & behavior
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Treatment is based on a cognitive formulation: the beliefs & behavioral strategies that characterize a specific disorder.
CBT Treatment
Treatment is also based on a conceptualization (understanding) of individual patients, beliefs and patterns of their behaviors.
Cognitive Theory
The theory behind the therapy?
Cognitive Model
Proposition: Dysfunctional thinking is common to all psychological disturbances.

When people learn to realistically evaluate their thinking, they experience improvements in their emotional states & behavior.
Thoughts & Beliefs
What are YOUR core beliefs, intermediate beliefs, your automatic thoughts?

How do your thoughts drive your behavior
What might HE be thinking?
When Psychoanalysis was ruled out...
Automatic thoughts and streams of thought connected to emotion were moved to the forefront.
Patients learn to...
Identify, evaluate, and respond to unrealistic and maladaptive thinking.

Outcome of Beck & Rush's 1977 study?
Basic CBT Principles
Please refer to the introduction PowerPoint.
Developing as a CBT Therapist
Three Stages: Where are you? Page 13

Socratic Questions
Use the introduction PPT to review these questions

Full transcript