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Wester 2012 Olweus Staff Training Presentation
Transcript of Wester 2012 Olweus Staff Training Presentation
2012 Staff Training
Wester Middle School
Olweus Bullying Prevention Intro.
Prezi developed by C. Miller photo (cc) Malte Sörensen @ flickr Provide an overview of the issue of bullying
Provide an overview of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program
Identify the resources available to help you implement the program This Presentation Will . . . “Bullying is when someone repeatedly
and on purpose says or does mean or hurtful things to another person who has a hard time defending himself or herself.”
OBPP Teacher Guide, p. xii What Is Bullying? Involves an aggressive behavior
Typically involves a pattern of behavior repeated over time
Involves an imbalance of power or strength Three Key Components of Bullying Behavior Pop Quiz Hitting, kicking, shoving, spitting
Taunting, name-calling, using degrading comments
Threatening or obscene gestures Direct Bullying Indirect Bullying Getting another person to bully someone
Causing another person to be socially isolated
Cyber bullying Damaging character of peers
Using threats to manipulate friendships RELATIONAL BULLYING For students and their futures
For a healthy school climate
For the larger community
For the purposes of risk management for schools
It’s a wise investment Why is it important to address bullying in schools? Lower self-esteem
Depression and anxiety
Absenteeism and lowered school achievement
Thoughts of suicide
Illness Effects of Being Bullied Children who bully are more likely to:
get into frequent fights
be injured in a fight
steal or vandalize property
drink alcohol and smoke cigarettes
be truant or drop out of school
report poor academic achievement
perceive a negative climate at school
carry a weapon Concerns about Children Who Bully Bullied Not Bullied
Headache 16% 6%
Sleep Problems 42% 23%
Anxiety 28% 10%
Feeling Tense 20% 9%
Abdominal Pain 17% 9%
Feeling Unhappy 23% 5%
moderate 49% 16%
strong 16% 2% So...What is your experience
Why? Icebreaker Time... 1. Studies suggest that fewer than 10% of children are involved in bully/victim problems in elementary or middle schools.
2. Children are more likely to be bullied in middle school than in elementary school.
3. Most bullying is physical in nature.
4. Girls bully just as much as boys; they just do it differently.
5. Boys are more likely than girls to be involved in cyber-bullying.
6. The vast majority of children who are bullied tell a teacher or other member of the school staff.
7. Bullying is just as likely on the way to and from school as during school hours.
8. Most students who observe bullying don't think they should get involved. Children Who Bully Bullying may be part of a conduct-disordered behavior pattern.
This pattern may continue into young adulthood.
Olweus study: “Bullies” were 4 times as likely to have 3 or more criminal convictions by age 24. Effects of Bullying on Bystanders Bystanders may feel:
Powerless to change the situation
Guilty for not acting
A diminished empathy for victims over time Bullying creates a climate of fear and disrespect.
Bullying interferes with student learning.
Students may feel insecure and not like school as well.
Students may perceive a lack of control or caring. http://www.polleverywhere.com/my/polls#!/my/polls Adults usually have a very accurate sense of the bullying that goes on in their school. Adults’ Responsiveness to Bullying Adults overestimate their effectiveness in identifying bullying and intervening.
70% of teachers believed that adults intervene almost all the time; only 25% of students agreed
90% of teachers on playgrounds say they intervene ALL the time; videotapes showed intervention 5% of the time Simple, short-term solutionsSimple, short-term solutions
“Program du jour” approaches
Group treatment for children who bully
Anger management or self-esteem enhancement for children who bully
Zero-tolerance policies for bullying
Mediation/conflict resolution to resolve bullying issues
Selecting inappropriate supplemental materials Misdirections in Bullying Prevention and Intervention Program Evaluations... South Carolina Study
18 public middle schools (mostly rural)
Reductions in students’ reports of bullying others after 1 year
Reductions in boys’ reports of being bullied and feelings of social isolation after 1 year
6 public elementary and middle schools
Urban setting, mostly minority and low-in45%come families
Bullying incident density decreased by over 4 years Program Principles Adults in school need to show warmth, positive interest, and involvement.
Set firm limits for unacceptable behavior.
Consistently use nonphysical, nonhostile negative consequences when rules are broken.
Adults in the school should act as authorities and positive role models. Program Components 1. School
5. Parents 1. Establish a Bullying Prevention Coordinating Committee (BPCC)
2. Conduct committee and staff trainings
3. Administer the Olweus Bullying Questionnaire
4. Hold staff discussion groups
5. Introduce the school rules about bullying
6. Review and refine the school’s supervisory system
7. Hold a school kick-off event to launch the program
8. Involve parents School-Level Components School Rules about Bullying We will not bully others.
We will try to help students who are bullied.
We will try to include students who are left out.
If we know that somebody is being bullied, we will tell an adult at school and an adult at home. Post and enforce schoolwide rules against bullying
Hold regular class meetings
Hold meetings with students’ parents Classroom-Level Components Supervise students’ activities
Ensure that all staff members intervene on the spot when bullying occurs
Hold meetings with students involved in bullying
Develop individual intervention plans for involved students Individual-Level Components Involve community members on the BPCC
Develop partnerships with community members to support your program
Help spread anti-bullying messages and principles of best practice throughout the community Community-Level Components Olweus Bullying Questionnaire Schoolwide Guide
with DVD and CD-ROM Teacher Guide
with DVD and CD-ROM Required OBPP Materials The Student Who Bullies The Student Who Is Bullied The Follower The Supporter The Passive Supporter The Disengaged Onlooker The Possible Defender The Defender Option 1: The Olweus Bullying Questionnaire
Option 2: Bully/Victim Questionnaire Online Grades K-5 Grades 6-8 A sample school report is available online http://www.pdastats.com/olweusbullyingreports/login.asp
Password: OlweusTest Take-Home Message It is possible to reduce bullying.
It requires a team effort.
It requires a long-term commitment The grades included are actually 6-8th * Bullied Students: Grade Trends 2-3 times/month or more * Students Bullying Others: Grade Trends
Both boys and girls engage in frequent verbal bullying.
Girls and boys engage in relational bullying.
Boys are more likely to physically bully.
Girls are more likely to use more subtle and indirect forms of bullying: social exclusion, rumor-spreading, friendship manipulation.
Boys are bullied primarily by boys; girls are bullied by boys and girls. Gender plays a role FALSE Lost in the Shadows
6.4% of students reported bullying others 2-3 times a month or more. What did our Wester Middle School Students Report? #1 “called mean names, made fun of, teased…” 16.7% of bullied students.
#2 “told lies or rumors about me, tried to make others dislike me…” 14.8% of bullied students.
#3 “mean names, comments with a sexual meaning…” 9.4% of bullied students.
#4 left me out, excluded, ignored me…” 11.9% of bullied students. Types of Bullying Wester Students are Reporting If they told---WHO did they tell??? 39.3% of bullied children DIDN’T report to anyone. #6 – Classroom teacher – 10.3% #1 – Parent or guardians – 45.8% #2 – Friends – 43.9% #3 – Adult at school – 26.2% #4 – Brother/sister – 13.1% #5 – Somebody else – 12.1% 44% in hallways
39% in lunchroom
32.4% in class when teacher not in room
31.5% somewhere else in school
30% in gym class
29.4% in class when teacher is in room
25.7% on athletic field Where is the bullying happening here at Wester? 14% of students reported being bullied 2-3 times a month or more often.