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Instrument Ranges & Transposition

AP Music Theory Project
by

Steve Dupre

on 7 January 2013

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Transcript of Instrument Ranges & Transposition

Finally Any questions? Instrument Ranges Instrument Ranges
&
Transposition Instrument Ranges II. Transposition The Horn in F was originally a valveless instrument. Its notes consisted of the notes from the harmonic series.

In order to play in different keys, the horn player has to insert a crook that corresponded to the key the player wanted to play in.

Typically, a longer crook lowered the horn's fundamental and harmonic series, while a shorter crook raised it. Transposition Instruments that Require Transposition Bb - Clarinet, Trumpet, Treble Clef Trombone and Euphoniums, and Tenor Saxophone

F - French Horn / Mellophone

Eb - Alto Saxophone, Baritone Saxophone. Many instruments have a suggested range
for players. While going above or below these
ranges is possible, most instruments have a
definite low range. The sounding range refers to the pitches that
correspond / match the pitches of a piano.

The written range is the range is the transposed
pitch that the player actually sees for their
convenience. The suggested range of instruments describes what should be a comfortable range of notes for most players.

Brass instruments can play beyond their suggested ranges. This usually depends on technical limitations and the skill of the player. The notes that go below their range are called pedal tones.

Woodwind instruments can go above their range, but generally cannot go below it. Some instruments are notated at a pitch that is different from the pitch that is actually sounded. These are called transposing instruments. Transposing instruments see a C but sounds its key.

ex. - A Bb clarinet reads a concert C, but it sounds a concert Bb.
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