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The Physics of Horseback Riding

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Kaelan Louise

on 16 July 2014

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Transcript of The Physics of Horseback Riding

The Physics of Horseback Riding
Newton's Laws
Newton's Laws
Newton's First Law
(Law of Inertia)
This law states that an object will stay in its place unless an external force causes it to move.
For example: some horses can be extremely stubborn in moving on command. Most horses need a tap or light kick while you're in the saddle for it to start moving.
The external force of the kick alerted the horse to move, giving it that extra push.
Newton's Second Law (Force)
An object stays at the same velocity unless an outside force changes it, causing it to accelerate.
There is already a velocity without force, the external force just causes the to accelerate.
Force equals mass multiplied by acceleration.
A horse already walking will accelerate when prompted to change gates. Such as going from walk to trot.
Newton's Third Law
Every action has an opposite and equal reaction.
While riding, the rider is exerting a force onto the saddle while the saddle is exerting an opposite and equal force onto the rider. This leaves the rider in more control because it adds more balance.
Speed/Velocity: In the dressage competitions of the horse world it is critical to maintain a certain speed while stearing the horse in different directions and patterns.
Knowing the what direction to go in and around the arena is key to receiving a good score within the competition
Inertia: Just like in a car, when a horse stops the rider keeps accelerating force. The rider and horse have seperate inertias.
That is how most riders get injured in jumping competitions. The horse may abruptly stop before the jump causing the rider to be forced forward over the jump
Force: While the horse is moving, the applied force of the reigns on the horse's neck and the leg pressure given keeps the horse at the same pace but changes its direction.
Acceleration: While riding a horse, changing its gates may become necessary. Either speeding up or slowing down.
For example: When warming up a horse, riders typically start the horse at a walk and slowly gain speed, ending in a canter around the arena.
Gravitational Force: This helps the rider stay in the saddle even when the horse is moving at a fast gate.
Even though the rider is being forced up from the movement of the horse, the gravitational force keeps the rider from being forced off.
Overall, Newton's Three Laws of Motion keep the horse and rider in sync and able to properly work together. Whether it be when the horse stopped or in motion the laws apply. These laws keep the rider aware of what could happen when riding a horse, just like how a person is aware of what could happen when they get into a car. Although for these laws to be helpful in horseback riding, complete discipline is needed from both the horse and rider.
Newton's First Law
(Law of Inertia)

Newton's Second Law (Force)
Changing gates, as shown in the photo below, is caused by an external force from the rider.
The larger the horse the harder it can be to get moving into a faster gate.
The mass of a person and the acceleration movement of their leg creates enough force for them to swing up into the saddle.
Newton's Third Law
While the rider is pushing into the saddle, the saddle is pushing back with a force of its own.
It is more comfortable for the rider and horse if a saddle is in place; because of the force of the rider on the horse's back.
Kaelan Daly
Block 1

Like any sport, horsebackriding involves a
good amount of patience, focus, and hard work.
Riding a horse is giving your self a sense of
Anyone can ride a horse, no matter what. It doesn't
have to be competitively. Horseback riding is used as a
form of therapy; being both mentally and physically stimulating.
There techinically aren't any set rules regarding
horseback riding, besides being conscious of the
horse and your surroundings. If you're a beginner,
wearing a helmet would be a good idea. It is
meant to be relaxing and enjoyable.

The End!
A horse will stay in motion until the rider gives it the signal to stop.
This external force will make the horse react in slowing down its gate until at a complete stand still.
The more trained a horse is the less external force is needed for it to understand and obey the rider.
Keeping your body weight balanced and free on the horse helps keep the movement open with the force given.
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