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Writing Paragraphs

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by

Kristina Tipps

on 1 April 2014

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Transcript of Writing Paragraphs

Writing Paragraphs
Focus on a Main Point
A paragraph must be unified around one main point or idea.

Every sentence should relate to that point/idea.

Start with a
topic sentence-
a one sentence summary that tells the reader what to expect as he or she reads on.

Topic sentences are
essential for business writing
because readers scan for information and summary statements.
Develop the Main Point
Topic Sentence
Organization
Choose a method of development (patterns).

Examples & Illustrations

Narration

Description

Process



Organization
Compare & Contrast

Analogy

Cause & Effect

Classification& Division

Definition
Coherent Paragraphs
Coherent Paragraphs: Transitions
Paragraph Length
References
Example
Main Points
Examples/Evidence
Closing/Transition
As a result of the tax cut, Lincoln High School's educational
facilities have reached an all-time low.
Sticking to the Point
Sentences that do not support the topic sentence destroy unity.

If a paragraph is not focused, delete irrelevant information.

Writers sometimes stray from a topic because they cannot think of enough evidence to support a topic sentence.

Two choices:
find more evidence
adjust topic sentence to reflect evidence provided
A series of brief paragraphs suggests inadequate information.

How much evidence is enough to develop the point varies?

Hamburger analogy
When paragraphs move from one to another without any gaps, they are
coherent.


Coherence is improved by strengthening the relationship between the old paragraph and the new.

Also called
transitioning
from old information to new information.
Link ideas clearly:
directly or indirectly support topic sentence with every paragraph sentence

Repeat key words:
use variations of key word to avoid repetition

Use parallel structures:
bind a series of sentences expressing similiar information

Maintain consistency:
do not change point of view or verb tense suddenly

Provide transitions:
: identify relationship between one paragraph and the next. (sentence-level, paragraph-level)

Most of the time, paragraphs should be between
100 and 200 words
.

Shorter paragraphs
start and stop too much.

Longer paragraphs
strain reader's attention span.

Exceptions:
scholarly writing about complex ideas contain long paragraphs.
business writing can contain short paragraphs because
readers skim for main ideas.

When should I begin a new paragraph?
When should I combine paragraphs?
When should I separate paragraphs?
Consider aseptic packaging, the synthetic packaging for juice boxes and drinks that many children bring to school. One criticism of aseptic packaging is that it is nearly impossible to recycle, yet on almost every other count, aseptic packaging is environmentally preferable to packaging alternatives. Not only do aseptic containers not require refrigeration to keep their contents from spoiling, but their manufacture requires less than one-tenth the energy of making glass bottles.
What is true for juice boxes is also true for other forms of synthetic packaging. The use of polystyrene, which is commonly (and mistakenly) referred to as "Styrofoam," can reduce food waste dramatically due to its insulating properties. Due to these properties, Styrofoam cups are preferred over paper cups for coffee in most places. Polystyrene also requires significantly fewer resources to produce than its paper counterparts.
Alan Hancock College Writing Center. (n.d.).
Transitional Words.

ASC. (2013).
Organizational Patterns.

Hacker, D. & Sommers, N. (2011).
A Writer's Reference.
(2nd ed.). Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's.

Johnson County Community College. (n.d).
Methods of Developing Paragraphs.

Odegaard Writing & Research Center. (n.d).
Using Transitions Effectively.


Activity: Identify focused paragraphs
Activity: Paragraph development
Full transcript