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6th English Ch. 3 Notes - Verbs

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by

Catherine Boineau

on 11 November 2013

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Transcript of 6th English Ch. 3 Notes - Verbs

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
6th English Ch. 3 - Verbs
Verbs
-Word(s) that show an action or state of being
Examples:
We
celebrated
her birthday yesterday. (celebrated = action verb)
The holiday
is
usually in February.(is = state of being verb)
Verbs are the only part of speech that can stand alone as a complete sentence:
Examples:
Stop!
Listen.

Helping Verbs and Main Verbs

Helping (auxiliary verb) helps the main verb show action/a state of being
Examples:
Can speak
has been named
A verb phrase = main verb + one or more helping verbs
Example:
Many people in Africa
can speak
more than one language.


Helpful Hint
The word
not
and its contraction,
-n’t
, are adverbs telling “to what extent;” they can’t be part of a verb phrase

Action and Linking Verbs
Action or Linking Verb?
If you’re not sure if a verb is an action or linking verb, try replacing is, are, am, be etc…for the verb.
If it makes sense, it’s usually a linking verb, and if it doesn’t, the verb is usually an action verb.
Example:
James
looks
taller. (can replace w/
is
and it makes sense = linking verb)
James
looks
out the window. (doesn’t make sense w/
is
= action verb)

Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
Express physical or mental activity
Examples
The owls
hooted
all night. [physical action]
She
thought
about the problem. [mental action]

Linking Verbs
A verb that expresses a state of being
Connects (links) the subject to a word/word group that identifies/describes the subject
Examples:
Brad Pitt
is
an actor. [Verb is connects actor with subject Brad Pitt]
The children
remained
quiet. [verb remained links quiet w/ subject children]

I
Linking Verbs

Transitive Verbs
verb that shows an action towards a person, place, thing, idea
Ex: Mary
greeted
the visitors.
Intransitive Verbs
verb that shows action w/o the action passing to a receiver
Ex: The children
play
quietly.
Transitive or Intransitive?
*A verb may be transitive in one sentence and intransitive in another
Example:
The kids
played
basketball.(Transitive)

The kids
played
quietly.(intransitive)
Full transcript