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RESEARCH PROPOSAL

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by

Kristina Garcia

on 24 February 2014

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Transcript of RESEARCH PROPOSAL

BIOETHYLENE FROM KAMIAS (AVERRHOA BILIMBI) FRUITS IN RIPENING CARABAO MANGOES (MANGIFERA INDICA)
Methodology
Statistical Test

The study will be statistically analyzed with the use of the mean to determine the average results of the parameters given in the table above and ANOVA to compare the best treatment with the control.
Introduction
Review of Related Literature
Collection and Preparation of Materials
The study will use kamias fruits and carabao mangoes. The unpricked mature kamias fruits will be gathered at Cultihan, Taal, Batangas and Buli, Taal, Batangas. After getting kamias fruits it will be washe gently and thoroughly with tap water, After washing, The kamias fruits will be aired before putting them in a specific paper bags.
Preparation of Treatments
Background of the Study
Kamias
-It is cultivated in many tropical countries like PHILIPPINES.
-The tree makes slow growth in shady or semi-shady situations.It should be in full sun
-It is picked by hand singly or in cluster.
Carabao Mangoes
- It is native to tropical Asia but is now grown in nearly tropical and subtropical countries.
- Most of it is kidney-shaped but some maybe nearly round,long and thin.

Hypothesis
There is no significant difference between the bio ethylene produced by kamias fruit and the natural way in ripening carabao mangoes.
Objectives


Generally , the study aims to use kamias
(Averrhoa bilimbi)
bioethylene in ripening carabao mangoes.

Specifically, the study aims to:
determine the most effective treatment in ripening carabao mangoes.
compare the taste, color and spots of the carabao mangoes ripened using kamias bioethylene and the natural way in ripening carabao mangoes.

Significance of the Study
The study is all about ripening carabao mangoes using bioethylene produced by kamias fruit. This study will help those people who need to ripen mangoes in a short period of time. It is safe and easy to use. Kamias tree always bears fruits and bioethylene is not dangerous to human health.
Scope and Limitation
The study is only concerned in using kamias (
Averrhoa bilimbi
) fruits to ripen carabao mangoes. Only mature kamias fruits and carabao mangoes will be used in this study. The study will be conducted at Fame Academy of Science and Technology from April to May 2014.
Definition of Terms
Bioethylene is a colorless gas produced in all higher plants and is usually associated with fruit ripening.
Carabao mango is a variety of mango and is favoured by Filipinos.
Kamias fruit is believed to be the possible source of bioethylene.
Ripening is a process in fruits when they bacome sweeter, less green and softer as it ripens.
Kamias
It is closely allied to the carambola but quite different in a apperance,manner of fruiting,flavour and uses.
It is sensitive to cold.
Fruits of kamias are believed to be a source of bioethylene as they were observed to soften fat especiall when injured.
Preliminary trials of bilimbi as ripening agent showed that saba bananas enclosed with 5% freshly harvested bilimbi fruits ripened twice as fast as the control while bilimbi leaves had no effect.
Ethylene
Made from bioethanol(from biomass) represents a chemically identical alternative to ethylene.
Main advantages of bioethylene are that it can reduce greenhouse gas lifetime emissions and the dependence of the chemical industry on fossil-fuels.
Carabao mango
It ripens 6-10 days from harvest at room temperature or after 14-18 days from harvest when allowed to ripen at 12 Celsius.
It is high in water content and rich in nutrients.
Selecting the ripeness of mangoes can be determine by smelling or squeezing.
It can be considered ready to eat when slightly soft to touch and yielding to gentle pressure.
It has been found that the best way to ripen a mango is at room temperature, on the kitchen counter.
M
ature carabao mangoes will be gathered at Lemery Public Market. The carabao mangoes will be washed gently thoroughly with tap water. After washing carabao mango fruits, it will be wiped with a clean piece of cloth before putting them in a specific paper bags.

Three(3) treatments and one (1) control group with two (2) replicates each treatments will be prapared. each seven (7) paper bags will have 15 unripe carabao mangoes. They will only differ in the amount of kamias fruits that will be placed.
The carabao mangoes in each paper bags will be observed based on their color,spots and smell until they ripen. Data will be gathered and recorded daily with the use of the rating scale below.
Budget Proposal
Particulars Quantity Unit Price Total
A. Materials
Carabao mangoes
Paperbags
Kamias
20 kg
10 pcs
2kg
Php 40.00
Php 2.00
----------
Php 800.00
Php 20.00
----------
B. Transportation
3
Php100.00
Php 300.00
_________
Php 1120.00
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