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Critical Thinking and Viewing
Transcript of Critical Thinking and Viewing
The Path to Wisdom
Reading in college requires that you read for at least two purposes:
1) you should read to comprehend what is being said.
2) you should read to weigh, interpret, and evaluate the value of the reading.
Reading for school
Wisdom is earned by a thorough process of thinking critically about information and ideas that present themselves daily. It isn't just through school work and class lectures that you learn. You are responsible for finding your wisdom by carefully questioning what you see and hear.
"Wisdom is not a product of schooling but of the lifelong attempt to acquire it." - Albert Einstein
How you use your intelligence to interpret your environment is a function of your critical thinking.
When you view a commercial and are not automatically persuaded to buy, you are thinking critically.
When you see a cartoon, advertisement, or video and you ask questions like: "Is that true? Is that fair? Do I agree? Is that appropriate?..." You are using critical thinking.
Critical Thinking is a practice. There is no destination; it is a journey that will never be complete. It is the path to wisdom, but it is merely a tool. Use of this tool, awareness of the process, and application of your critical skills is evidence of your wisdom.
Please DO watch to entire video that follows:
We can distinguish between critical reading and critical thinking in the following way:
Critical reading is a technique for discovering information and ideas within a text.
Critical thinking is a technique for evaluating information and ideas, for deciding what to accept and believe.
Critical reading refers to a careful, active, reflective, analytic reading. Critical thinking involves reflecting on the validity of what you have read in light of our prior knowledge and understanding of the world.
For example, consider the following (somewhat humorous) sentence from a student essay:
Parents are buying expensive cars for their kids to destroy them.
As the terms are used here, critical reading is concerned with figuring out whether, within the context of the text as a whole, " them " refers to the parents, the kids, or the cars, and whether the text supports that practice. Critical thinking would come into play when deciding whether the chosen meaning was indeed true, and whether or not you, as the reader, should support that practice.
By these definitions, critical reading would appear to come before critical thinking: Only once we have fully understood a text (critical reading) can we truly evaluate its assertions (critical thinking).
You are not required to view the entire video that follows...