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Matthew Biggart

on 5 May 2015

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Transcript of Islam

Six man beliefs:
as the one and only God
2) Belief in angels
3) Belief in the holy books (
4) Belief in the Prophets...Adam, Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Dawud (David), Isa (Jesus).
(peace be upon him) is the final prophet.
5) Belief in the Day of Judgement...
That Allah has the knowledge of all that will happen.
Muslims believe that this doesn't stop human beings making free choices.
The Basics
After Mohammed
- The early rise of Islam (632-700)
- Middle East through conquest and military expansion
- Religion, greed and politics.
- Glorification of God
- Not a war of conversion...tolerance
The Caliphs

- Islamic Empire
- Really good at winning wars
- Christianity and Judaism
Shi'a and Sunni

- Conflicts
- Crusades

- The umma (the community)
- Relived to Mohammed in stages over 23 years
- intended to correct errors in the New and Old Testaments
- Oldest surviving complete te
xt is from the ninth century
- Sharia law...lots of interpreta
- No difference in political and
religious law....WHY?
- The
Hadiths - problem with
sources - 72 virgins

The Qu-ran
: sincerely reciting the Muslim profession of faith
: performing ritual prayers in the proper way five times each day
: paying an alms (or charity) tax to benefit the poor and the needy
: fasting during the month of Ramadan
: pilgrimage to Mecca
The Five Pillars
- Agree on the fundamentals of Islam, the Qur'an
- Disagree on who would succeed Muhammad
as leader
- The Caliph (politico-social leader)
Abu Bakr (Sunni) or Ali (Shi'a)?
- Claims: Abu Bakr to gets mentioned in the congregational prayers Mohammed dies
Ali: Companions on the way back
from his last Hajj
- Leads to division in faith
- Sh'ia: imanms and Ayatollahs
- Sunni: no intermediaries with god
- Conflict
(mostly Sunni, Al Qaeda)
- Syria
- Alawites (shi'a) minor rule a Sunni majority
Sunni and Shi'a
- Three different kinds of struggle:
1) live out the Muslim faith as well as possible
2) build a good Muslim society
3) defend Islam, with force if necessary
- True meaning?
- War? Conflict? death?
Blue Mosque
- Supreme being, created everything
- Obey Allah's will
- Transcendent
- Singularity
- merciful
- monothesitic
- Islam was gradually revealed to humanity by a number of prophets (Adam, Jesus, etc. and Mohammed)

- final Prophet Muhammad in the 7th century CE.

- Muhammad was born in Mecca in Saudi Arabia in 570.

- deeply spiritual man, and often spent time in meditation on Mount Hira. TRIBAL RELATIONS.

- visited by the angel Jibreel (Gabriel)

- Jibreel mentions Allah, Muhammad began to recite the words of God.

- Muhammad began to preach what God had revealed to him.
- Learning the Qur'an by heart, or engage in other religious study.
- Overcoming anger, greed, hatred, pride, or malice.
- Giving up smoking.
- Cleaning the
- Taking part in Muslim community
- Working for social justice.
- Forgiving someone who has hurt them.
Permissible reasons for military Jihad:

- Self-defense
- Strengthening Islam
- Protecting the freedom to practice faith
- Protecting against oppression
- Punishing an enemy who breaks an oath
- Putting right a wrong

What a Jihad is not
- Force people to convert to Islam
- Conquer other nations to colonies them
- Take territory for economic gain
- Settle disputes
- Demonstrate a leader's power
The Message of Islam and Mohamed's Path
- The simple and clear-cut message of Islam

- Mecca to Medina in 622,
(migration) for ten years

- Comes back to Mecca and conquers the city

- Death in 632 (Jerusalem)

- Third holiest site in Islam

- The Kaba ( was this about economics? Mecca pilgrimage business)
Full transcript