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Values, ethics and advocacy in nursing

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by

Bashayer AlSubaie

on 8 April 2013

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Transcript of Values, ethics and advocacy in nursing

Finally its all done by: Values.. Values, Ethics and Advocacy - values are enduring beliefs or attitudes about the worth of a person, object, idea, or action.
they are important because they influence decisions and actions including nurses' ethical decision making.

-values system are basic to way of life,give directions to life, and form the basis of behavior especially behavior that is based on decisions or choices. Morality and Ethics -it refers to {a} a method of inquiry that helps people to understand the morality of human behavior.
-{b} the practices or beliefs of certain group.
-{c} the expected standards of moral behavior particular group as described in the group, formal code of professional.
-Bioethics is ethic as applied to human life or health {to decision about abortion or euthanasia}
-Nursing ethics refers to ethical issues that occur in nursing practice. professional performance standard7 relates to ethics
-Morality (or morals) is similar to ethics, and many use the terms interchangeably Specific ethical issues Some of the ethical problems nurses encounter most frequently are issues in the care of HIV/AIDS client . Nursing Ethics Nursing Codes Of Ethics
Code ethics is a formal statement of a group’s ideals and values . It is a set of ethical principle that is shared by members of the group ,reflects their moral judgments over time and serves as standard for their professional actions .
Code of ethics usually have higher requirements that legal standards .
Nurses are responsible for being familiar with the cod that governs their practice. Advocacy Is one who expresses and defends the cause of another Values Transmission Personal Values Professional Values values are learned through observation and experience although people drive values from society and their individual subgroups. are acquired during socialization into nursing from codes of ethics, nursing experiences, teachers, and peers. the AACN identified 5 values:
altruism
autonomy
human dignity
integrity
social justice Values Clarification - clarifying the Nurse's Values -Nurses need to reflect on the values they hold
about life, death, health, and illness.
-They hold both personal and professional values.
-One of strategy for gaining awareness of personal values is consider attitudes about specific issues such as abortion or euthanasia, asking: "Can i accept this, or live with this?" "what would i do or want to done in this situation?" As is true with all persons.
-Nurses values are influenced by culture, education, and age List alternatives Examine possible
consequences of choices Choose freely Feeling about the choice Affirm the choice Act with a pattern -clarifying Client Values Make sure that the client
is aware of all alternative actions Make sure the client has thought about possible result of each action to determine whether the client choose freely some client may not feel satisfied
with their decision Ask "How will you discuss this with others (family, friends) ?" to determine whether the client consistently behaves in certain way Purpose of the code of ethics
1- inform the public about the minimum standards of the profession and help them understand professional nursing conduct .
2- provide a sign of the profession’s commitment to the public it serves .
3- outline the major ethical consideration of the profession .
4- provide ethical standards for professional behavior .
5- guide the profession in self –regulation .
6- remind nurses of the special responsibility they assume when caring for the sick . International of nurses code of ethics Nurses have 4 responsibility ; to promote health , to prevent illness, to restore health and to alleviate suffering ..
Elements of the code
1 _ Nurses and people ..
2_ Nurses and practice ..
3_ Nurses and the profession ..
4_ Nurses and co-workers .. Origins Of Ethical Problem In Nursing Nurses growing awareness of ethical problems has occurred largely because of :

( a ) Social and technological changes .

( b ) conflicting loyalties and obligations . Social and technological changes Social changes :
such as the women movement and a growing consumerism , also expose problems . The large number of people without health insurance , the high cost of health care .. Technological changes :
creates new issues that did not exist in earlier times .
Before monitor ,respirators, and parenteral feeding, there no question about whether to allow . Before organ transplantation ,death did not require a legal definition that permits viable tissues to be removed and given to other living persons .today with treatments that can prolong and enhance biologic life . Making Ethical Decisions The making ethical decisions
have two classic models ; conflicting loyalties and obligations Because of their unique position in the health care system, nurses experience conflicts among their loyalties and obligations to clients, families, primary care providers, employing in situations and licensing bodies. Responsible ethical reasoning is rational and systematic . It should be based on ethical principles and codes rather than on emotions ,intuition , fixed policies, or precedent . -Thompson and Thompson
-Cassells and redman Strategies to enhance ethical decisions & practice . Several strategies help nurses overcome possible organizational and social constraints that may hinder the ethical practice of nursing and create moral distress 4 nurses. you as a nurse should do the following :
1 – become aware of your own values and the ethical aspects of nursing .
2- be familiar with nursing codes of ethics.
3- seek continuing education opportunities to stay knowledgeable abut ethical issues in nursing .
4- participate in or establish ethics rounds .
5- serve on institutional ethics committees .
6- strive for collaborative practice in which nurses function effectively in cooperation with other health care professionals .
7- respect the values , opinions ,& responsibilities of other health care professionals that may be different from your own . 5-Allocation of scarce
health resources 4-End of life issues 6-Management of personal
health information 3-Organ and tissue
transplantation 2-Abortion 1- Acquired Immune
deficiency syndrome The advocates role
Advocacy in home care
Professional and public advocacy 1-Bashayer 4-ghosoun
2-Deena 5- fatima
3-Randa 6-amal An advocate informs clients about their rights and provides them with the information they need to make informed decisions Morality
usually refers private ,
personal standards of
what is right
and wrong in conduct ,
character, and attitude
Laws reflect the moral values of a society , and they offer guidance in determining what is moral . However, an action can be legal but not moral .
Nurses should also distinguish between morality and religion as they relate to health practices, although the two concepts are related .
Additional common instances of differences in moral perspectives on health involving religious beliefs include blood transfusions, abortion, sterilization, and contraceptive and safer sex counseling.
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