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Alzheimers

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brittany graves

on 12 September 2012

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Transcript of Alzheimers

By: Brittany Graves Alzheimer's Disease
(Senile Dementia) a loss of brain function that occurs
with certain diseases
the degeneration of brain neurons
especially in the cerebral cortex
one form of dementia
gradually gets worse time
usually begins after age 60.
The risk goes up as you get older What is Alzheimer's? http://www.umm.edu/ency/article/000760.htm#ixzz25d6X40jD
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/alzheimersdisease.html What does it affect? Affects the brain which is part of the Nervous System
Affects memory, thinking, behavior, language, decision-making ability, judgment, and personality.
5.4 million Americans are living with Alzheimer's disease.
1 in 8 elderly Americans have Alzheimer’s
Alzheimer's disease is the sixth-leading cause of death in the United States
Payments for care are estimated to be $200 billion in the United States in 2012.
Average per person Medicare payments for an older person with Alzheimer’s or other dementias are nearly 3 times higher than for an older person without these conditions.
An estimated 800,000 individuals with Alzheimer’s (or one in seven) live alone
About 5 percent of men and women ages 65 to 74 have Alzheimer’s disease, and nearly half of those age 85 and older may have the disease. Demographics of Patients First appears as forgetfulness
Language problems, such as trouble finding the name of familiar objects
Misplacing items
Getting lost on familiar routes
Personality changes and loss of social skills
Losing interest in things previously enjoyed
Difficulty performing tasks that take some thought, but used to come easily
Forgetting events in your own life history, losing awareness of who you are
Difficulty reading or writing
Hallucinations, delusions
Cannot recognize familiar faces Signs and Symptoms http://www.umm.edu/ency/article/000760sym.htm#ixzz25dCoDjXt How is Alzheimer's Diagnosed? Patient history
Physical exam (neurological & mental status examination)
Test for other medical problems that could be causing the Alzheimer’s (such as thyroid disease or vitamin deficiency)
Computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain, shows brain tumors causing the Alzheimer’s.
Brain image scans will come up normal in early stages of Alzheimer’s, but will show decrease in areas of the brain in later stages. http://www.umm.edu/ency/article/000760.htm#ixzz25d6X40jD http://www.umm.edu/ency/article/000760sym.htm#ixzz25dEYuCzN How is Alzheimer's transmitted?
http://www.ehow.com/how-does_4577537_how-alzheimers-disease-spread.html#ixzz25dGYReQa by heredity
A close relative with Alzheimer's increases the likelihood that you may be more likely to get Alzheimer's.
Having other diseases


No cure
Drugs can be used to slow the rate of the disease’s progression (such as Donepezil & Memantine)
Manage behavior problems, confusion, sleep problems, and agitation
Modify the home environment


Treating Alzheimer's Disease http://www.umm.edu/ency/article/000760trt.htm#ixzz25dHqi77W
Currently no cure for Alzheimer's disease
The average life expectancy for someone with Alzheimer's is 8 to 10 years after the onset of symptoms
A person will die when all bodily systems fail because of the disease.



Prognosis of Alzheimer's http://alzheimers.about.com/od/whatisalzheimer1/qt/prognosis.htm
no proven way to prevent
there are some practices that may be worth incorporating into your daily routine, particularly if you have a family history of dementia
Consume a low fat diet, eat fish, maintain a normal blood pressure,
early testing of a vaccine against Alzheimer’s is underway



How can we prevent Alzheimer's? http://www.umm.edu/ency/article/000760prv.htm#ixzz25dJ5egBv
Full transcript