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Five Elements of Good Writing

To understand purpose, audience, clarity, unity. coherence
by

Ilene Batista

on 30 October 2012

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Transcript of Five Elements of Good Writing

How to improve your writing Elements of Good Writing Reasons that a writer is writing a paragraph
Answers the question: Why am I writing this? Purpose How To...
Cause & Effects
Classification
News/Reports
Biographies/Autobiographies To inform the readers Persuasive Essays
Compare & Contrast
Advertisements To persuade the readers Narratives
Fiction
Poetry
Magazines To entertain the readers Do riches make one happy or miserable?

An Austrian millionaire is giving away £3 million after coming to the conclusion that his riches simply make him unhappy. He’s giving it all up for a much simpler life.

This is a story to really think about. So many of us seek more money and things our entire life, equating happiness to obtaining more of it. Are we missing something about happiness?

I think the important thing to realize is that most everything in life comes down to our beliefs, attitudes, and thoughts, this is no different. Perhaps if he had more control over his own beliefs and thoughts, he could find happiness without forcibly removing the thing he is too obsessed about. I enjoy money and things but I”m generally pretty happy with what I already have, I think that’s the key. Short sentence that clearly defines the purpose of the paragraph
Helps you stay focused
Pre-topic exercise
Simple and to the point Purpose Statement Purpose Statement: The purpose of this paragraph is to explain how to clean your room. Topic: How to clean your room Topic: Why I like a particular restaurant Purpose Statement: The purpose of this paragraph is to inform the reader of why I like In-n-Out. Topic: My personal story Purpose Statement: The purpose of this paragraph is share how I felt when I came to America to study. Topic: Your craziest experience in a restaurant Practice Purpose Statement: The purpose of this paragraph is to tell about the time that my nephew started a food fight in a restaurant Topic: Alternative sources of energy Purpose Statement: The _____________________ is to talk about how cars can run without gasoline. Purpose Statement: The __________________________ is ______________________ how T.V. has changed culture over the last 50 years. Topic: The most important invention of the last 50 years. Topic: My worst family vacation Purpose Statement: _____________________________
_________________________________________________ Audience Readers the writer expects to read the paragraph
Answers the question: Who am I writing to?
Good writers keep their audience in mind as they write every sentence. Viewpoint or person (first, second, or third)
Formal or informal writing Relating to Your Audience 1st Person- Person speaking Yesterday I went to the beach with my cousins. 2nd Person-Person who is being spoken to After filling the sink, you must then add detergent. 3rd Person- Person or thing being spoken about. He turned quickly and saw them leaving the theater. How easy it is for the reader to understand your writing
Clear sentences get the point across to the reader by using specific, concise language. Clarity Use descriptive (or precise) words
Use clear pronoun references Ways to Improve Clarity Good

Nice NOT CLEAR excellent, fantastic, incredible CLEAR Make sure your flow map includes:
Re-written topic sentence
At least 3 key supporting examples (with details)
Transition words
Concluding sentence
HOMEWORK:
Re-write your paragraph (handwritten) MUST BRING TO CLASS TOMORROW!!!! In Class Work Unity: Every sentence relates to topic sentence
Topic Sentence: My Spiritual Explosion experience was very exciting because it was my first time ever going camping.
EVERY SUPPORTING SENTENCE MUST RELATE TO HOW EXCITED YOU WERE TO GO CAMPING FOR THE FIRST TIME.
Topic Sentence: I enjoyed Spiritual Explosion very much because I was able to do things that I could never have done in China.
EVERY SUPPORTING SENTEENCE MUST RELATE TO HOW MUCH YOU ENJOYED THE THINGS THAT YOU COULD NEVER HAVE DONE IN CHINA. Unity Organizing Your Paragraph Flow Map Coherence: when all of its parts are organized and flow smoothly and logically from one idea to the next.
Important features of coherence are:
Logical order
Repetition of key words
Use of transitional words and phrases. Coherence In conclusion CONCLUDING SENTNENCE: I would like to say that I will never forget my first ever camping trip at this year’s Spiritual Explosion. Finally, SUPPORTING SENTENCE: Another exciting thing I got do that I have never done before was… (describe the event in detail 1-2 more sentences) Secondly, First of all, SUPPORTING SENTENCE: Another exciting thing I got do that I have never done before was… (describe the event in detail 1-2 more sentences) SUPPORTING SENTENCE: One exciting thing I got do that I have never done before was… (describe the event in detail in 1-2 more sentences). TOPIC SENTENCE: My Spiritual Explosion experience was very exciting because it was my first time ever going camping.
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