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History of Madrigals
Transcript of History of Madrigals
Madrigals Italian Derivation Derived from the the word madre, meaning mother, and signifies a poem addressed as is said to have been the case with the first Madrigals to Our Lady Where did the term Madrigals come from? Greek Derivation Comes from the word mandra, meaning sheepfold, and was suggested by the pastoral character of the composition Spanish Derivation From the Spanish word madrugada, meaning the dawn, and is used in Italian as the equivalent of Mattinata, meaning a morning song Part of the origin of the name of a town situated in Old Castile. The was given to a certain kind of poem, and after transferred to the music to which was sung. Music was always during the best periods of art, written for 3 or more voices, in the Ancient Ecclesiatical Modes, and without instrumental accompaniment Elements of Madrigals -A capella
-Often used word painting
-Representation of specific poetic images
-Considered the harmonic effect of the chord rather than having a lot of melody
-At least 3 voices, generally no more than 8 voices
-Bass voices are now apart of music
-Generally unuasal harmony What is Madrigals? ~A vocal composition that combines both homophonic and polyphonic
~A short poem, usually love, set to music
~Uses vernacular (Native) language rather than using Latin Where was madrigals popular? *Italian Madrigals-1520
*Rome and Florence
*No particular area First madrigals wrote in Florence by either a native or by a Franco-Flemish musician First book written was Madrigalide de diversi musici: libro primo de la Serena
-Wrote by Philippe Verdelot, French
-Published in 1530
-Published in Rome Madrigal anthology: The Triumphes of Oriana
-Wrote in honor of Queen Elizabeth 1 Late 16th Century *"Classical" madrigals continued to be wrote in Italy
*Different styles of composition developed independently in different geographic areas Venice Andrea Gabrieli continued with the classic style, but with bright, open, and polyphonic textures After Mid-Century Re-Incorporation of lighter elements into the form
-Light Italian secular songs
-Dance like rhythms and verses on carefree subjects
-Composers were ingenious in their use of so called "madrigalisms"
-Passages in which music is assigned to a particular word that expresses its meaning, for example word painting 1600s "Concerted Madrigal" ~Began to merge with cantata and the dialogue
~Literary and theatrical
~Consisting of written or spoken conversations between 2 or more people
~The soprano and bass line became more important to texture than the inner voices
~Functional Tonality started to develop
~Actual or presence of a musical key with in a composition
~Dissonance was used more freely
~Dramatic contrasts between groupings of voices
~Instruments became more common 17th Century *Rise of opera arias
*Madrigals were gradually getting displaced by the operas England *Revived by catch and glee clubs
*Formation of madrigal society (1741)
Choral groups still use madrigals to this day