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Scottsboro Boys Trial

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on 14 September 2015

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Transcript of Scottsboro Boys Trial

January 1936
December 1936
June-July 1937
1938
Introduction
Great Depression
1931
When it all got started...
Conclusion
How else do you guys think the boys were affected? Physically? Emotionally? Their lives afterwards?
1977-2013
Price filed a lawsuit against the NBC for defamation and invasion of privacy
The Scottsboro Boys Trial
1934
1939 - 1951
1936-1938
Deaths
Racist and Segregationist Society
Image References:
"Hoboing" on a Freight Train
April 6-9, 1931
April-December, 1931
March 25, 1931
Nine African Americans Accused of Rape
Nine boys are put on trial
8 Convicted and Sentenced to Death
Roy Wright's trial was a hung jury
Unjust Trial
Judge A. E. Hawkins
The American Communist Party (CP) and the International Labour Defense (ILD) began protest campaigns for the Scottsboro Boys.
The NAACP joined CP to handle the case for the Scottsboro boys.
Formed the Scottsboro Defense Committee
Great Depression: http://explorepahistory.com/kora/files/1/2/1-2-1334-25-ExplorePAHistory-a0k9t8-a_349.jpg
Racism (Intro Slide): http://www.abidemiracles.com/images/PERFIDY/a33RACISM320.jpg
Freight Train Hoboing: http://www.revistahincapie.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/hobos.jpg
Scottsboro Boys: http://d1oi7t5trwfj5d.cloudfront.net/05/88/8b11c203495c9ac30a896485d6e0/scottsboro-boys.jpg
Victoria Price: http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/scottsboro/SB_PRICE.jpg
Ruby Bates: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/90/Bates,_Ruby.jpg/170px-Bates,_Ruby.jpg
Boys in Jail: http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_GXiCIX_YU3k/Sq6IqDvLNfI/AAAAAAAAAD4/4lmRl1h1gL8/s1600-h/Untitled+4.jpg
A.E. Hawkins: http://www.hawkinsandburt.com/AEHawkins2.jpg
Scottsboro Boys Protests: https://i0.wp.com/farm9.staticflickr.com/8103/8487558478_b1ccf3f8d8_m.jpg
Haywood Patterson: http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/scottsboro/leiboandhp.jpg
Jail bars http://www.glogster.com/jojowansink/parihaka/g-6m9p5hbphhb45c14l1im6a0
US map: http://www.yourchildlearns.com/online-atlas/images/map-of-united-states-2.gif
Governor Graves: http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/51XUt1XtqDL.jpg
Samuel Leibowitz: http://www.uscmocktrial.org/LEIB_PIC.jpg
Jail cell: http://www.questioncopyright.org/cm/images/copyright-jail-transparent.png
Roy Wright: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/scottsboro/peopleevents/images/p_lwright.jpg
Andy Wright: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d1/Wright,_Andy_C1931.jpg/89px-Wright,_Andy_C1931.jpg
Eugene Williams: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/dd/Williams,_Eugene_C1931.jpg/94px-Williams,_Eugene_C1931.jpg
Ozie Powell: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/scottsboro/peopleevents/images/p_powell.jpg
Haywood Patterson: http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/scottsboro/SB_HAYW2.jpg
Olen Montgomery: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/58/Montgomery,_Olen_C1931.jpg
Clarence Norris: http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/scottsboro/SB_NORRI.jpg
Charlie Weems: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/scottsboro/peopleevents/images/p_weens.jpg
Supreme Court Logo: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/33/Seal_of_the_United_States_Supreme_Court.png
Willie Roberson: http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/scottsboro/SB_ROBER.jpg
New York Map: http://i.infoplease.com/images/mnewyork.gif
Thomas Knight: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/01/Knight,_Thomas.jpg
Samuel Leibowitz: http://image1.findagrave.com/photos250/photos/2009/213/22756_124923873591.jpg
Court hammer: http://www.theblaze.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/gty_courtroom_gavel_judge_mw_110908_wblog.jpg
Scottsboro jury: http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/images/m-5935.jpg
Judge Horton: http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-1x-qB17McP0/UQ_Q9QG__gI/AAAAAAAAJf4/TmP0QjVxaC0/s1600/judge+horton+001.jpg
Bribe: http://mcpotar.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Bribe-payola-radio.jpg
Judge Horton and the Scottsboro Boys: http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/41IKc27cJvL._SY344_BO1,204,203,200_.jpg
Governer of Alabama: http://governor.alabama.gov/assets/2013/11/Scottsboro-Boys-500x325.jpg
June-July 1937
Ruby Bates
January 23
Victoria Price
Clarence Norris
Charlie Weems
Haywood Patterson
Willie Roberson
Eugene Wiliams
Olen Montgomery
Andy Wright
Leroy Wright
Ozie Powell
January 24
Powell stabbed Deputy Sheriff Blalock and was shot
Patterson convicted for the 4th time
Knight and Liebowitz discuss compromise
December 1936
RELEASED
Patterson, Norris, Weems, Andy Wright and Powell convicted once again
Roy Wright, Montgomery, Roberson and Williams released!
Jackson County Sentinel
Headlines Declare Boys Guilty
“All Negroes Positively Identified By Girls And One White Boy Who Was Held Prisoner With Pistols And Knives While Nine Black Fiends Committed Revolting Crime”
1933
1932
January 1932
The NAACP refused to continue representing the Scottsboro Boys.
January 5, 1932
Ruby Bates wrote letter confessing she had never been raped.
March 1932
November 1932
All Scottsboro Boys' convictions were overturned by the Supreme Court due to insufficient legal counsel.
April-June
Nov.-Dec., 1933
October 20, 1933
January 1933
Haywood Patterson found guilty.
Judge Horton, who believed the boys were not guilty, was removed from the case
Wright and Williams were transferred to juvie
Samuel Leibowitz agrees to help the case despite not receiving payment.
6-15 years
Eugene Williams' conviction overturned.
1938
The Alabaman officials refuse to pardon the Scottsboro boys
Judge Horton overturns convictions and grants a new trial.
Patterson and Norris are tried, convicted and sentenced to death, AGAIN.
Andy Wright and Clarence Norris violate parole by leaving the state of Alabama

Andy Wright was regranted parole

Patterson escapes prison and is arrested by the FBI. He was charged with manslaughter after a violent barroom fight.
Governor Graves
STILL IN JAIL
By: Sarah, Rose and Glorianna
Juvenile
Court & Judge did not recognize this!
Leibowitz protests all-white jury in second trial
The U.S. Supreme Court overturns the two convictions
Two ILD lawyers are caught trying to bribe Price
Aside Roy Wright, other boys' convictions are confirmed.
Other 6 boys' trials were postponed due to tensions.
Alabama Governor officially pardons all Scottsboro boys after their deaths
Over
80
years after the case was closed...
(Awkward)
Haywood
Patterson
1912-1941
Clarence
Norris
1912-1989
Charlie
Weems
1911-?
Olen
Montgomery
1914-?
Ozie
Powell
1916-?
Andrew
Wright
1912-?
Leroy
Wright
1918-1959
Willie
Robertson
1915-?
Eugene
Williams
1918-?
Info References:
http://www.blackpast.org/aah/scottsboro-boys-trial-and-defense-campaign-1931-1937
http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/FTrials/scottsboro/SB_chron.html
http://blackamericaweb.com/2013/02/10/little-known-black-history-fact-the-case-of-the-scottsboro-boys/2/
http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/FTrials/scottsboro/SB_acct.html
https://books.google.ca/books?id=6xEaqZ8aymMC&pg=PA16&lpg=PA16&dq=ALL+NEGROES+POSITIVELY+IDENTIFIED+BY+GIRLS+AND+ONE+WHITE+BOY+WHO+WAS+HELD+PRISONER+WITH+PISTOL+AND+KNIVES+WHILE+NINE+BLACK+FIENDS+COMMITTED+REVOLTING+CRIME&source=bl&ots=4ggMHpmyPt&sig=2dmMVn1jLbPxXz3GC4IClDGzzEE&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAmoVChMIip6O2fPlxwIVCzeICh19awtq#v=onepage&q&f=false
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/scottsboro/timeline/timeline.html
How could this case have changed the thoughts of people at the time? How might it have changed society, why might not?
If the same case were to happen in today’s society, how might things have ended differently? How would the media have responded?
Full transcript