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Major Health Concepts

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by

Stephanie K

on 11 September 2014

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Transcript of Major Health Concepts

Beliefs in the Causes of Illness
Types of Traditional Healers Utilized
Healthcare Beliefs
Rely on traditional health care combined with Western medicine.
Personal matters should only be handled within the family
Although the matriarch usually determines when a family member needs medical care, the male head gives permission to seek treatment
Frequently consult and seek care from relatives, neighbors, community members, or traditional health care providers
Modesty is valued. The area between the waist and the knees is particularly private.
Hispanics look down on people who are mentally ill. Those with mental health concerns do not like to share this information with their families or friends and are shy of seeking professional help.
They believe in many causes of illness, not to different from the American view of the cause of diseases/illness
Lifestyle and behavioral affecting health are the broad points of what they believe causes illness
Specifically environmental factors such as exposure to pesticides and unclean air/polluted water
The main traditional healer is known as a Curanderas and is believed to get her power from God.
The lesser traditional healers include the Yerberos (herbalists) and the Sobadores (masseuses).
The Curanderas very illness in a religious and social context, and are used more for diseases that have a supernatural cause.
Hispanic Americans
By: Stephanie Kuo,
Nicole Giles,
Derek Lu,
& Madison Schultz
Cultural Awareness
Methods of Treatment
Hispanics believe that communication is categorized by respect, and is key to providing quality care.
Gender roles are important and are likely to be followed.
Most hispanics are Roman Catholic and strictly follow their spiritual and religious beliefs in Catholicism.
Folk illnesses (health problems that the culture provides etiology, diagnosis, prevention, and regimen of healing) have psychological/religious overtones.
Religion and family have great influence in the Hispanic culture.

Major Health Concepts
Special Symbols, Books, and Religious Practices
Beliefs and Practices Surrounding Deaths
Beliefs and Practices Surrounding Births
Prenatal -
They believe that pregnant women should avoid “hot” foods because they think it makes the baby more susceptible to rashes and may be born with spots
Pregnant women should stay active because they believe it helps develop a healthier baby.
Labor/Delivery -
Some do not take pain medication because they believe it may harm the baby
If the baby is in the wrong position to be born, they believe crawling around on the hands and knees may help it into the correct positionScreaming during labor is considered harmful to the baby
They also believe in wearing bright clothing because it makes the baby have a better attitude and intelligence
Most Hispanics are Roman Catholic so they believe that once they pass, their soul remains and goes to Heaven to be with God for eternity.
Hispanics tend to grieve with lots of emotional expression
Because of their religious beliefs, they refuse to sign the DNR (do not resuscitate) form. They believe that God will take their loved one when He is ready to.
The family member that is given the role to pass decisions to the health care professionals does not want to be held responsible by family for “pulling the plug” because then they are always held responsible for “killing” the person.
Many Hispanics believe that after death there is still a relationship with the deceased through prayer and grave site visits.

Most combine Western medicine with traditional methods of treatment
Traditional treatment includes using home remedies and seeking traditional healers
Use herbs and other natural substances to treat illnesses
Curanderismo
is a medical system that is a coherent view of the historical roots that combine Aztec, Spanish, spiritualistic, homeopathic, and scientific elements.
Believe in “hot” and “cold” remedies
Goal of treatment is to restore harmony and balance within the body
Response to Pain
Most hispanic patients respond to pain expressively.
They’re more likely to verbalize the expressions of pain they feel.
They prefer to have people around while in pain, and expect others to react to their pain so as to validate their discomfort.
Most Hispanics are Roman Catholic and the faith and church are often involved in day to day family and community life. Along with Catholicism is a concurrent belief in and use of magico-religious means of dealing with life. Candles and pictures of saints are common in altars and are found in many homes. Physical or mental illness could be attributed to an imbalance between the person and the environment, and influences include emotional, spiritual, and social state. It is common for some Hispanics to seek relief in the form of healers with home remedies or for them to seek assistance from relatives or neighbors (especially females). Medications are shared within social networks, and there are instances in which a sick person may simultaneously be using prayer, folk and/or herbal medicines, prescriptions medications obtained from a friend/nurse practitioners/physicians. Religion is a concept that is extremely incorporated in the lives of Hispanics, especially if sick.
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