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Religion of the 17th and 18th centuries in England.
Transcript of Religion of the 17th and 18th centuries in England.
English IV/2nd block
October 26, 2012 http://www.localhistories.org/17thcenturyreligion.html 17 century Religion was very important:
A vital part to everyday life
No toleration in matters of religion
By law everybody was supposed to belong to the Church of England George Fox founded the Quakers. Fox believed that everybody had an inner light. Quakers were persecuted and Fox himself was often imprisoned Quakers 1660s and the 1670s The Corporation Act (1661)
The Act of Uniformity (1662)
Conventicle Act (1664)
Five Mile Act (1665)
Bill of Rights (1689)
Toleration Act (1689) 17 Century Religious Laws Bill of Rights (1689):
No Catholic could become
No king could marry a Catholic. Toleration Act (1689):
Non-conformists were allowed their own places of worship and their own teachers and preachers.
Non-conformists could not hold government positions or attend universities. Five Mile Act (1665):
Does not allow non-Anglican ministers to come within 5 miles of incorporated towns (Towns with a mayor and a corporation). The Act of Uniformity (1662):
All clergy must use the Book of Common Prayer. The Corporation Act (1661):
All officials in towns must be members of the Church of England. Conventicle Act (1664):
Does not allow unauthorized religious meetings of more than 5 people unless they were all of the same household. Religious Laws Details Religious Laws Details (Continued) Religious Laws Details (Continued Again) 17 Century Religion History Early 17th century king and parliament clashed over the issue of religion. In 1633 William Laud was made Archbishop
of Canterbury. Independent churches were formed. First Baptist Church in England began
meeting in 1612. Charles II Parliament tracked down on the many independent churches that had sprung up during the interregnum (the period between 1649-1660 when England was without a king) and make Anglicanism the state religion again. Parliament passed a series of acts called the Clarendon code, a series of laws to persecute non-conformists (Protestants who did not belong to the Church of England). James II In 1687 he issued a Declaration of Indulgence suspending all laws against Catholics and Protestant non-Anglicans. 18 Century Early 18 century:lack of religious enthusiasm and the churches in England lacked vigor (energy, physical strength and good health). 1739 John Wesley created a new religious movement called the Methodists. 1760 Methodism spread to Scotland. John Wesley At the end of the 18th century a group of Evangelical
Christians called the Clapham Sect were formed.
They campaigned for an end to slavery and cruel sports. Sunday Schools were also founded in the 18th century. http://www.google.com/imghp?hl=en&tab=wi