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The Biome of Italy
Transcript of The Biome of Italy
Where in the world is Italy's biome located?
By: Lucas Gray
Italy's biome is know as the Mediterranean or the Chaparral biome. It is also located in the western coasts of the US and South America, as well as areas in the Australia and South Africa.
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"Soil Composition - Chaparral Biome." Soil Composition - Chaparral Biome. N/A, n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2015.
The Climate of Italy's biome
The Chaparral biome is known to have a hot and dry climate with mild winters. Summers can get very hot and can exceed 40°C.
Animals found within the Italian biome
The chaparral biome has many different kinds of animals. In terms of the Mediterranean chaparral, examples are the golden jackal, Mediterranean gecko, the bezoar or wild goat, and the mouflon.
Plants found in the Italian biome
In terms of plants, the vegetation in the biome are mainly shrubs and other types of low vegetation, like rosemary plants. Larger plants also are there like cacti and cork oak.
How have animals adapted?
Animals have adapted to this biome mainly by learning to be good agile climbers, and varytheir diets to have the shrubbery as an option. They've also learned to forage over the terrain.
How have plants adapted?
Plants have adapted towards the dry and hot climate by storing their water for long periods of time, and growing thorn to protect form plants eating them. Some plants have adapted to be able to grow back after they've been set on fire.
Soil type in the biome
The soil type found in Italy's biome is generally composed of serpentine and non-serpentine sedimentary soils along with vernal pools. The serpentine layer is toxic towards plants, and the others layers have low nutrient soils. This is a big reason why shrubs and low vegetation plants are common in this biome.
This biome is limited in the fact of its region. The biome is extensively plagued with drought, which is caused by the hot summers and little rain during those summers that the biome gets. Plants in the region are also at risk of forest fires because of this.
Humans have impacted this region through mainly the use fire and grazing of livestock thorughout many centuries. It is said the biome used to be filled with many oak trees.