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Copy of Introduction to Wine

General history of wine and its society interactions. How wine is made, and why they are so different
by

Dan Turner

on 10 March 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Introduction to Wine

(13.9 billion b.c.)
The Big Bang
(205 million b.c.)
End of the Dinosaurs
Welcome to Wine!!
Dawn of Man
(250,000 b.c.)
Mesopotamia,
Egyptians
(3000-3500 b.c.)
(1333b.c.)
Ancient Greeks
(560-530 b.c.)
Vitis Vinefera first domesticated, Summarian writings about wine.
Heiroglyphics found about wine, including jars of wine in Tut's tomb.
Ceremonial use of wine, Dionysus, wine usually mixed with spices and water.
Romans
(270 b.c.)
Expansion to europe, Baccus, wine became available to all people (except women)
How it's made
middle ages
(400-1600 a.d.)
Wine used by the church for fun and profit, benedictine monks, Charlemegne passed laws to create better wine, not a lot of change in production
How to taste
prohibition
(1920-1933)
cork meets bottle
(1550)
bordeaux Clasification
(1855)
phylloxera
(1860-1880)
Louis Pasteur
(1860)
Mondavi in Napa
(1966)
The judgement of Paris
(1976)
Ancient
History
History
Modern
grapes on the vine
harvest
sorting
destemming
fermentation
punch down
press
Laboratory
bottling
aging
Drinking
tank aging
Barrel aging
racking/ fining
Varietal Group
Sauvignon Blanc
Cabernet Sauvignon
Chardonnay
Merlot
Petit Verdot
Pinot Grigio
Gewurztraminer
Pinot Noir
Riesling
Touriga Nacional
Zinfandel
C6H12O6>ZYMASE>2C2H5OH + 2CO2 + HEAT
Terroir
the soil top 11
"A sense of place"
Alluvial - A combination of clay, silt, sand and gravel that forms over time from mineral deposits left by running water.

Calcareous - A soil primarily composed of calcium carbonate and high in chalk or limestone as well as fossilized shells.

Granite - A hard and granular rock with a high content of crystals, particularly quartz.

Jory - A volcanic soil composed mostly of basalt, which is in turn a hard and dense soil that often has a glassy appearance.

Limestone or Chalk - A soft soil made primarily from fossilized seashells.

Loam - A crumbly mixture of clay, sand and silt.

Marl - A crumbly mixture of different clays as well as calcium and magnesium carbonates with fossilized shells mixed in as well.

Sandstone - A combination of silica and sand compacted together by pressure and time.

Schist - A metamorphic rock derived mostly from clay, but it can be made from several other rocks. Schist is a soft rock that flakes and breaks easily.

Shale - Layers of clay-like, fine-grained sedimentary rock. On the surface where the shale breaks it often forms beds of sharp fragments.

Tufa - A mix of silica, calcium carbonate and sometimes volcanic ash that has been deposited over time by streams, lakes and other water sources.
Climate
Topograohy
I made it! (winemaker influence)
Brix
the refractometer is used to measure sugar content
Lab
the winemaker mixes different lots and varietals
Barrel
the type of oak, origin, reuse, toast, and size all matter.
See
Smell
Smell (Simple)
Taste
sweet
sour
tannin
Ways of describing still wine
Np!
Thank You!!!
Differences
Georgia, Iran
Sweetness
Body
Aroma
Tannin
Oak
Acidity
Full transcript