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Virginia Satir

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Lauren O'Leary

on 19 February 2015

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Transcript of Virginia Satir

Background
Virginia Satir was born on June 26, 1916 in Neillsville, Wisconsin, and died on September 10th, 1988.
Started in Chicago as an educator (Brothers, 2013).
Joined the MRI group in 1959
(Nichols, 2010).


Healthy Families
Congruent communication
high self-worth
flexible rules
accepting of individual differences
Parents are leaders NOT bosses
Genuine interest in one another
(Satir, 1972).
Assessment
Symptomatic Behavior
Communication and Survival Stance
Family of Origin
(Gehart & Tuttle, 2003)
Structure of Therapy
Three reasons people seek change through therapy.
Satir would see the marital pair first
The nuclear family would then attend sessions.
The therapist communicates the rules.
(Gehart & Tuttle, 2003).
Goal Setting
Growth will reduce symptoms.
Congruence
Self-Esteem
Growth
(Gehart & Tuttle, 2003).
Key Concepts
Primary Survival Triad
Body, Mind, Feelings
Communication
Self Worth
Survival Stance
5 Freedoms
(Gehart & Tuttle, 2003).
Human Validation Process Model

Assumptions
Dysfunctional Families
Incongruent communication,
Survival stance of : Placater, blamer, irrelevant, or superreasonable
Rigid rules
Low self-worth
Dishonesty between members
Atmosphere is tense and cold (Satir, 1972).
Role of the Therapist
The therapist is equal to the clients, and takes on a collaborative role to assist in change.
Therapist is the “change agent”
Congruent and genuine to each client.
Therapist must create a safe environment, build self-esteem, maintain accountability for self and clients, and model appropriate communication.
(Gehart & Tuttle, 2003)
The therapists assists the client in awakening their inner healer in order to assist others (Brothers, 2013).

Interventions
Modeling Communication
Family Life Fact Chronology
Family Sculpting
Metaphors
Self-Mandala
Parts Party
Ingredients Intervention
Transforming Rules
Temperature Readings
Family Reconstruction
(Gehart & Tuttle, 2003)
Training of MFT
Therapist must know him or herself and be accepting of all his or her parts before helping clients to do so.
Satir’s goal was to teach therapists the relationship between awareness, self worth, communication, and coping.
“Truth, wrapped in soul-deep respect, is the core ingredient to coming into the full presence of another human being” (Brothers, 2014)
Therapeutic endurance
--genuine belief that every person was a wonderful human being
(Brothers, 2013).

Virginia Satir
Self Worth
Determined by the family of origin (Gehart & Tuttle, 2003)
Satir referred to self-worth as “pot” (Satir, 1972).
Feelings of self worth are affected by the environment (Satir, 1972).
Feelings do not lower self-esteem (Brothers, 2013).
Self-esteem is effected by things from within and without (Satir, 2001).
Productive contact is less likely when self-worth is damaged (Satir, 1976).
1. Status Quo
2. Introduction of Foreign Element
3. Chaos
4. New Possibilities/Opinions/Integrations
5. Practice/Implementation
6. Goal Attainment/New Status Quo
(Gehart & Tuttle, 2003)

What stage are you in?
Six Stages of Change
Treatment Applicability
This model is applicable to individuals, couples, and families.
Can be applied to all human communication and development
Most effective with families who are open to change.
(Professional, n.d.)

Ingredients Intervention
Curative Factors
Effectiveness
of the Approach
What do I hear and see?
What meaning do I make of what I hear and see?
What feelings do I have about the meaning I make?
What feelings do I have about these feelings?
What defenses do I use?
What rules for commenting do I use?
Family Sculpting
Helps family members to take responsibility for themselves
Take turns positioning body of each member's role
Allows others to see how they are perceived
(Gehart & Tuttle, 2003).
Open communication
Acceptance of individuality
High self-worth
Therapeutic skill and congruence
Professional,n.d
Therapist's ability to make contact
Agreed-upon termination
The client's satisfaction
(Gehart &Tuttle, 2003)
Comparison
Satir system's dropout rate was 5.1%, Bowen 36.5%, Haley 60.9%
Satir therapists' ability to engage clients was 93.7%, Bowen 36.5%, and 67.6%
Human validation rated higher in satisfaction for therapist and outcome
(Winter, 1993)
Your Turn
Supervision group sculpt
References
Modeling Congruent Communication & Acceptance of Individuality
Let's do it.
Essence of Change
Today's Agenda
Use of “I” messages and speaking in first person
Directly explore thoughts and feelings
Be honest and genuine with others.
Brief background
Outline of model
Activities
Short break
Discussion
Questions
Please keep in mind the following for today:
Brothers, B.J. (1993). Attraction and attachment: Understanding styles of relationships. Haworth Press.
Brothers, B.J. (2014). Couples: Building bridges. New York, NY: Routledge. . ---also journal article in 1997
Brother, B. J. (2013). Virginia Satir: Foundational ideas. New York, NY: Routledge.
Gehart, R. D., & Tuttle, A. R. (2003). Theory-based treatment planning for marriage and family therapists. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Nichols, M.P. & Schwartz, R. C. (2010). Family therapy: Concepts and methods (9th ed.). New York: Allyn & Bacon.
Professional development training programs, workshops, and seminars. (n.d.). Retrieved February 10, 2015.
Satir Institute of the Pacific. (2011). History. Retrieved from http://www.satirpacific.org/.
Satir, V. (1967). Conjoint family therapy; a guide to theory and technique (Rev. ed.). Palo Alto, Calif.: Science and Behavior Books.
Satir, V. (1972). Peoplemaking. Palo Alto, Calif.: Science and Behavior Books.
Satir, V. (1976). Making contact. Millbrae, Calif.: Celestial Arts
Satir, V. (1978). Your many faces: The first step to being loved. Celestial Arts.
Satir, V. (1999) From Virgina Satir: Models of perceiving the world attitude toward change, Journal of Couples Therapy, 8(3-4), 1-5.
Satir, V. (2001a) Centered selves connecting with each other. Journal of Couples Therapy, 10(3-4), 5-16.
Satir, V. (2001b) Models of perceiving the world, Journal of Couples Therapy, 10:1, 1-8.
Winter, J. E. (1993). Selected family therapy outcomes with Bowen, Haley, and Satir. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, The College of William and Mary, United States -- Virginia.

Questions, Comments, Concerns?
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