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Transcript of Legalizing Marijuana
By: Liam Lewis
What is Marijuana?
Marijuana consists of a greenish brown mixture of Cannabis (hemp) seeds, stems, flowers, and leaves.
Marijuana is illeagal, and has over 200 slang terms to dscribe it such as weed, grass, pot, herb, etc...
The main chemical in marijuana Is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Like alchohal (Ethanol), THC in marijuana is a mind altering chemical.
In order to feel the effects of marijuana, you must inhale it when the chemicals are being released when its burned.
Legality of Marijuana
The legalization of marijuana has gone through much controversy in the past several decades. Today, it is illeagal to consume, grow, have, and trade in the USA. 15 of the 50 states allow Marijuana to be used medicinally because of it's pain-killing purposes. Many states have recently proposed ideas about legalizing marijuana for financial and law enforcement purposes.
In 1969, only 16 percent of voters in the USA supported the legalization of marijuana, according to a poll by Gallup. According to the same source, that number had risen to 36 by 2005. More recent polling indicates that the number has risen even further. In 2009, between 46 and 56 of US voters would support legalization. This data looks closely related to the financial recession starting december 07'.
Marijuana Myths and Facts
Marijuana can cause permanant mental illness
Marijuana is highly addictive
Marijuana is more potent today than in the past
Marijuana is more damaging to the lungs than tobacco smoke.
Marijuana is a gateway drug
Marijuana's harms have been proven scientifically/ marijuana Kills brain cells
There is no scientific evidence that marijuana causes mental illsess in youth or adults, but some marijuana users do experience some phsycological distress after consuming marijuana. This affect is only temporary.
Most marijuana users smoke marijuana only occasionally. 1 of these users smoke daily, and less people than that develop a dependance on marijuana.
The marijuana that is used today is the same potency as the marijuana used in the 60's and 70's, Though, people can mix and tamper with marijuana to make it more dangerous unorganicly.
Marijuana smoke does contain all of the toxic chemicals that tobacco smoke does, however, marijuana users don't smoke as much as tobacco users do due to the lack of nicotien in marijuana.
Many surveys have been done that support the theory that, for most marijuana users, marijuana is more of an end point than a gateway to other, harder drugs.
In 1972, the commision of national marijuana drug abuse did a study and concluded that there were small, temporary harms to smoking marijuana, but they had been greatly overstated. since then, thousands of tests have been done on cells, animals, and humans to back up the same conclusion that was reached in 72'.
+Alaska and Hawaii
Marijuana vs. Alchohol
Source: Jack E. Henningfield, PhD for the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), Reported by Philip J. Hilts, New York Times, Aug. 2, 1994 "Is Nicotine Addictive? It Depends on Whose Criteria You Use." Source: http://drugwarfacts.org/addictiv.htm
Alchohol is one of the world's most dangerous drugs, and using just 10 times what one would use to get the desired effect can lead to death. For marijuana, using it 1000+ times more than what one would use to get high would (theoreticly) kill you. There has been no recorded case of marijuana overdose.
Long-term marijuana use is far less damaging than long-term alcohol use. Excessive alchohol consumption is the world's 3rd leading cause of preventable death (cigarrete smoking being the 1st). Excessive alchohol consumption can also lead to violence, various cancers, and unintentional injuries.
There has never been a case of an ONLY Marijuana smoker to have lung cancer.
In 2007, 203,536 people were diagnosed with lung cancer in America only.
90 percent of lung cancer deaths among men and approximately 80 percent of lung cancer deaths among women are due to smoking cigarretes.
what is the big difference between cigarettes and marijuana? Nicotine and addiction...
Alchohal consumption leads to violence and sexual abuse, where marijuana smoking doesn't.Two-thirds of victims who suffered domestic violence reported that alcohol had been a factor. About 3 million violent crimes occur each year in which victims perceive the offender to have been drinking at the time of the offense.
~ Herb is the healing of a nation, alcohol is the destruction.
- BOb marley
"The War on Drugs has been an utter failure. We need to rethink and decriminalize our marijuana laws."
- President Obama
Marijuana and the Economy
In the past 4 yesrs, America has been faced with a serious economic depression. The bottem line is that America does not manufacture products like we used to. We get our cloths from China and have closed car factories. 80 years ago, we were faced with a severe economic depression when we banned alcohol in the late 1920's. Crime rates went up and the economy struggled untill alcohol was decriminalized.
America's economy boomed first when we started trading sugar and rum, then when we started trading tobacco. We need a new cash crop and marijuana could be the answer. Experts say that marijuana is America's leading cash crop, accounting for 36 billion dollars per year. Non of this money is taxed. If this marijuana-generated money was taxed as acohol is, the government could generate well over 6.9 billion dollars per year (due to more marijuana buyers because of legalization).
This legalization of cannabis would allow farmers to grow hemp, that can be made into clothes, fuel, and food. This would help stimulate other areas of the economy.
On the street, an ounce of marijuana could go for 40-400 dollars. This money would most likely fund other illegal acts that are unrelated to marijuana. If legalized, this money would go to the Us government as well as marijuana producing companies.
Almost 1 million people per year are arrestsed for marijuana, 90% of these arrests being for possesion. Is it really worth the police's time and money? Not to mention the food and housing for these smokers once they enter jail.
Americans today are used to paying large sums of money for marijuana because it is so hard to find. If marijuana was grown and distributed cheaply, it would leave room for the government to put tax laws on the substance without marijuana users even noticing. If America is succesful in doing this, than other countries might follow and a worldwide marijuana market would be born.
Some of us think that making a drug one of America's major cash crop goes againsed what this nation was founded upon. However, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin all grew hemp, our last three presidents have smoked marijuana. One third of all Americans have smoked marijuana. Half of all 18 year olds in America have smoked marijuana.
Americans want a
U.S. Cancer Statistics Working Group. United States Cancer Statistics: 19992007 Incidence and Mortality Web-based Report. Atlanta (GA): Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and National Cancer Institute; 2010. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/uscs.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control reported 20,687 “alcohol-induced deaths” (excluding accidents and homicides) in 2003. Source: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/alcohol.htm
Another example: A Web site sponsored by the U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services lists alcohol, but not marijuana, as putting a person at risk for unwanted or risky sexual activity: http://www.4woman.gov/faq/rohypnol.htm#5
Iverson, Leslie. “Long-term effects of exposure to cannabis.” Current Opinion in Pharmacology 5(2005): 69-72.
Weiser and Noy. “Interpreting the association between cannabis use and increased risk of schizophrenia.” Dialogues in Clincal Neuroscience 1(2005): 81-85.
Andreasson, S. et al. “Cannabis and Schizophrenia: A Longitudinal study of Swedish Conscripts,” The Lancet 2 (1987): 1483-86.
United States. Dept. of Health and Human Services. DASIS Report Series, Differences in Marijuana Admissions Based on Source of Referral. 2002. June 24 2005.
Johnson, L.D., et al. “National Survey Results on Drug Use from the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1994, Volume II: College Students and Young Adults.” Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1996.
Kandel, D.B., et al. “Prevalence and demographic correlates of symptoms of dependence on cigarettes, alcohol, marijuana and cocaine in the U.S. population.” Drug and Alcohol Dependence 44 (1997):11-29.
Henneberger, Melinda. "Pot Surges Back, But It’s, Like, a Whole New World." New York Times 6 February 1994: E18.
Drug Enforcement Administration. U.S. Drug Threat Assessment, 1993. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, 1993.
Jack E. Henningfield, PhD for the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), Reported by Philip J. Hilts, New York Times, Aug. 2, 1994 "Is Nicotine Addictive? It Depends on Whose Criteria You Use." Source: http://drugwarfacts.org/addictiv.htm
Cohen, Andrew. Time for Marijuana Legalization. Economics. 25 Feb. 2009. CBSNEWS.com 20 May 2010. (Source C)
Times, High. The Top Ten Reasons Marijuana Should Be Legalized. Alternative medicine. 1 Sept. 2007
Read more: http://www.bukisa.com/articles/384638_economic-benefits-of-legalizing-marijuana#ixzz1EduCKGOn
Saldevar, Joshua. Marijuana: The Simple, Logical benefits of Legalization. Economics. Associatedcontent.com (Source D)
Roddy, Deanna. The Benefits of Legalizing Marijuana. Social. 5 Mar. 2010
Read more: http://www.bukisa.com/articles/384638_economic-benefits-of-legalizing-marijuana#ixzz1EduKUojD