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Transcript of Canada's journey:
The Allies were having a hard time with the war until 1942
In 1942, the U.S, Britain and Canada invaded Sicily. The Italians became increasingly upset at Mussolini and decided to not fight against the Allies.
The Allies now had to fight against German troops in Sicily.
91000 Canadians fought Italy
The Italian campaign was long and difficult.
Soldiers were fighting in cities literally from house to house.
Canadians became experts at street fighting.
The Allied armies marched into Rome to the cheers of the Italian people.
From then on, the Allies regained France and Holland.
On May 8th 1945 Germany surrendered. V-E Day, Victory in Europe!
Canada was still a young country but was soon entering its teenage years.
Canada no longer did whatever Britain ordered.
Canada independently declared war on Germany
Canada and the United States began to grow a partnership in business
with independence came came tensions within Canada.
The conscription crisis in 1942 divided Canadians especially in Quebec.
What was Canada's role in WWII?
1. The Battle of Britain
Germany decided to "Blitz" British cities
There were bomb raids in London day and night
The allies won by a few hundred pilots. 80 Canadian pilots were involved.
2. Battle of the Atlantic
German U-boats threatened the Atlantic ocean as far as Newfoundland.
Canada had the third largest navy.
by 1941, almost all of Europe was under German or Italian control, North Africa, the Soviet Union and Japan attacked the U.S.
Britain told Canada to raid Dieppe, a French city that was being occupied by the Germans.
The raid didn't work and 900 of the 5000 Canadian soldiers died 2000 were taken prisoner.
The German military was strong
Canada's treatment of Japanese Canadians
Many Canadians including the government were not welcoming or appreciative of Asian Canadians.
When the attack on Pearl Harbour by Japan occurred in 1942, all of North America felt it was under attack by all Japanese.
Many Canadians therefore decided that Japanese Canadians were dangerous and could be spying for the Japanese military.
All Japanese Canadians were sent to internment camps. Families were separated and all of their possessions were taken.
Women's role in WWII
Canadian women were actively involved in the war effort
women went to work in the munitions factories to make weapons.
over 1 million women were working in the industry.
women took over the farms
women volunteered to visit wounded soldiers, and made care packages to prisoners and volunteered for CATS
Canadian service women:
Canadian Women Army Corps
RCAF Women's Division
Canada after the end of WWII
Canada enjoyed economic prosperity
Europe was in a state of re-build after the war.
North America benefited from this.
After the war, American investments after the war increased.
Manufacturing in Canada increased
Canadians spent a lot of money on consumer goods.
Canada enjoyed the growth of the middle class.
Suburbs and Teens
Life was becoming easier for Canadians.
Middle class increased therefore people had more money to spend
people were generally happier after the end of the war
therefore, many new middle class Canadians decided to buy new homes.
The Canadian government allowed this to happen by building roads and making it easier for people to get mortgages.
This encouraged many new families to mover to the newly created suburbs
many people had children thus creating the baby-boom
These children grew up to be the first generation of teenagers
Before the 1950s, children quickly grew up to be adults.
The 1950s brought prosperity and social programs like public schooling.
Parents had more money so teens could spend more time in school and have fun being young.
There were so many young people that they created their own subgroup.
Teens dressed differently, danced to a new form of music and had fad haircuts.
Parents and adults had a difficult time understanding this new large population of teens.
1940s to 1950s
The Italian Campaign
Canada's Growing Independence