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Human Body System Project

The Respiratory System
by

Sophia Su

on 11 April 2013

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Transcript of Human Body System Project

The Respiratory System By Sophia Su, Gaby Galan, Paulina St.Clair, and Dani Delapaz How does the respiratory system work with the circulatory and nervous system to control breathing? The respiratory system takes in oxygenated air. The pulmonary vein returns the blood to the heart, where it is pumped to the
-aorta,
-arterial system
-venous pathways of the circulatory system,
-the right auricle
-ventricle. The nervous system regulates the heart rate in the lower brain, where breathing is also regulated.
Deoxygenated blood, moves through the circulatory system to the right ventricle,
which pumps the blood to the lungs. However, humans can easily control their breathing voluntarily when desired, due to the motor cortex of the nervous system. Sources: youtube.com/watch?v=HiT621PrrO0 3 Major Processes of an Organ Transplant -Discovered in early 1950s What is an Organ Transplant? The Process: Problem: Organ Transplants Extra Credit -First sucessful transplant was for a kidney The demand for transplants has surpassed the supply of donated organs. 1. Organ Distribution System 2. Surgery 3. Post Surgery Recovery An option to replace a failing organ with a healthy one from a donor -Most organ transplants are for the: Kidney, Liver, Heart, Pancreas, Lung, and Small Intestine. A doctor will remove an organ from another person and place it in your body How does the diaphragm work with the lungs? Inhale Exhale Tightens and moves downwards, and moves ribcage up and outward. Relaxes and moves upward into chest cavity. Muscles between ribs relax, and space in chest is reduced Structures Diaphragm Nasal Cavity Pharynx Larynx Trachea (Windpipe) Dome-shaped muscle that divides chest cavity from abdominal cavity. "Educational Videos, Lessons and Games for K-12 School Kids." Respiratory System. N.p., 2013. Web. 03 Apr. 2013. "Human Respiratory System and Lungs; How They Work." WebMD. Kimball Johnson MD, 4 July 2012. Web. 03 Apr. 2013. "The Human Respiratory System." Respiratory System. N.p., 13 July 2012. Web. 03 Apr. 2013. "Respiratory System." Respiratory System. Hillendale Health, n.d. Web. 03 Apr. 2013. "TeensHealth." Lungs and Respiratory System. The Nemours Foundation, 1995. Web. 03 Apr. 2013. Zimmermann, Kim A. "Respiratory System: Facts, Function and Diseases." LiveScience.com. Life Science Contributor, 22 Aug. 2012. Web. 03 Apr. 2013Dannishi. "Respiration-Ventilation 3D Medical Animation." YouTube. YouTube, 25 Sept. 2008. Web. 03 Apr. 2013. Air enters body, where it's filtered, moistened, and warmed. Located at the back of the throat, and carries food and air used for digestion and respiration. Located at the top of the trachea, where the vocal chords are. 2cm-3cm wide tube that extends downwards from Larynx. How are foreign particles controlled by the respiratory system? Mucus Air Dust particles Cilia Cells that line the Respiratory System produce a thin layer of It moistens the air and traps inhaled particles of dust or smoke To keep the lung tissues healthy entering the system must be warmed, moistened, and filtered. Trapped particles are either swallowed or spit out. sweep the trapped particles and mucus away from the lungs toward the pharaynx get trapped by the hairs lining the nasal cavity http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=respiratory%20system&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=Xdg0VUqlwjDgGM&tbnid=VydJN82fMvrgdM:&ved=0CAUQjRw&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.webmd.com%2Flung%2Frespiratory-system&ei=dg5kUeC5GYeR2wWeq4GgAg&bvm=bv.44990110,d.b2I&psig=AFQjCNETXdMDCuDxS1rH1qOXzn_bWhZmgA&ust=1365598170615862 Caption: The structures of the Respiratory System http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=real+life+lungs&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=reFPl92whXC7tM&tbnid=PgHltpezOih3LM:&ved=0CAUQjRw&url=http%3A%2F%2Fdaffa.net%2Flungs-before-and-after-smoking%2F&ei=iw9kUZqBNMXs2QXUr4HIDg&bvm=bv.44990110,d.b2I&psig=AFQjCNGDM_-QLet-ixB6aQEh5EGHpOteJQ&ust=1365598471453338 Caption: Comparison between healthy lungs and the lungs of a smoker http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=3d+view+respiratory+system&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=aacJMQoxNz1cmM&tbnid=VOJtn4_WkLcnHM:&ved=0CAUQjRw&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.virtualmedicalcentre.com%2Fanatomy%2Frespiratory-system%2F18&ei=GBFkUYGaN8S42gXqk4C4Ag&bvm=bv.44990110,d.b2I&psig=AFQjCNFhb1vHlncV1acqZ-1B7mhj42p8TA&ust=1365598848365380 Caption: Closeup of the structures http://therapeuticdelight.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/bronchioles.jpg Caption: How Asthma affects the Bronchioles Interview Questions O2 diffuses into the red blood cells low in oxygen concentration that surround the alveoli.

CO2 is released from tissues, muscles, and cells which is then breathed out of the lungs. While Dr.Galan was caring for his patient, the patient vomited blood that shot up and hit the ceiling spraying back down over the doctors. Dr. Galan treats all kinds of diseases. The education requirements:
-four years of college, -four years of medical school
-four to six years of medical training. John Galan,
Bronchitis-inflammation of the bronchi which is treated with an antibiotic.

Pneumonia-bacterial lung infection that is also treated with antibiotics. The medulla is the main control system.
-Runs breathing
-Controls movement of the diaphragm 6) Other occupations that involve the respiratory system:
-Pulmonologists
-Cardiothoracic Surgeons
-Allergists
-Pediatricians. Internal Medicine Pathway of Air Pathway of Air: Gas Exchange: -Provides the body with Oxygen
-Removes Carbon Dioxide -Takes in oxygen through nose and mouth
Travels through(in order):
-Trachea
-Bronchial Tubes
-Alveolar Spaces
-Then returns to heart Lungs- Alveoli- Bronchioles- Bronchi- Structures Small air sacs Two large passageways in the chest cavity Two spongy sac like organs occupying the chest cavity Tiny air tubes that branch off from the bronchi
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