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US GOVERNMENT

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by

Adam Salowitz

on 7 October 2013

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Transcript of US GOVERNMENT

THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENTAL SYSTEM
THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENTAL SYSTEM
DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
US GOVERNMENT
LEGISLATIVE
ARTICLES OF THE CONFEDERATION
Strengths and Weaknesses
THE CONSTITUTION
What is the Constitution...?
1. The highest law in the United States of America
2. Provider framework for the Government
- Print Money
- Make an Army and a Navy
- Set up a Postal System
- Established Congress
- Make War and Peace

- No national executive
- No national court system
- National government could not collect taxes.
- National Government could not raise an army.
- National Government could not regulate trade.

Representative Democracy Federalist Republic!
Three Branches of Government
Executive
Legislative
Judicial
Fast Facts
-President

-Vice President
1st official document that ruled America

Was not very effective, so, the constitutional convention was set up

The articles were supposed to be revised, but they discovered that they needed a completely new document

Which led to....
What is the Constitution...?
By: Adam, Kyle and SydKnee
EXECUTIVE
DUTIES
Head of State
- Signs international treaties, appoints heads of federal agencies, promotes diplomacy with other nations

Commander in Chief
- Head of all branches of the military
JUDICIAL
Purpose according to Constitution:
To determine the shape and structure of the federal judiciary
DUTIES
Second in Command

-Takes over if President is no longer able lead due to death, resignation or incapacitation.

-Assumes the role of President of the US Senate if he is needed to break a tie


History
Constitutional Basics
Written in 1787.
Ratified by 11 States.
Replaced the Articles of Confederation.
Amended a total of 27 times.
Created at the Constitutional Convention due to disputes over the Articles of Confederation.
Two plans were created at the convention by two groups; Federalists and the Anti-Federalists.
Anti-Federalists
Made of Farmers and Tradesmen
Wanted:
An Independent and Powerful State Government
WEAK Central Government.
V.S.
Federalists
Mainly wealthy businessmen
Wanted:
Strong Central Government
With power to tax
Military power
Weaker State Government
Articles of the Constitution
i. Preamble
1. Legislative Power
2. Executive Power
3. Judicial Power
4. States' power and limits
5. Process of Amendment
6. Federal Power
7. Ratification
Knowing the Constitution was not perfect...
... The creators added a way to change the constitution, without a revolution...
... and called it the...
Amendment Process.
Due to the growing cause of Independence from Britain, the Continental congress needed to vote on what to do

Then in 1776, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams and Benjamin Franklin were appointed to draft a document with the intentions of the 13 colonies.

There were 56 signers of the Declaration
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness."
Established by the first article in the Constitution
Two Houses
House of Representatives
A total of 435 elected members
With the number of representatives from each state based on the population.
Powers:
Initiate revenue bills
impeach federal officials
elect the president in case of an electoral college tie.
Senate
With a total of 100 senators, 2 come from each state, regardless of population.

They are elected by the people to represent the people
Powers
confirm the President's appointments that require consent
Ratify Treaties
Tries impeachment cases for federal officials.
Together
To pass legislation, both houses must pass the bill by a majority vote.

If the President vetoes the bill,
they can override him, but the houses must have a 2/3 majority vote.
Bibliography



http://www.whitehouse.gov/our-government/judicial-branch

http://www.whitehouse.gov/our-government/legislative-branch
HOW IT ALL WORKS
US citizens over age of 18 years
The Electoral College
Supreme Court
Congress
House of Representatives
Senate
Vice President
Governors
State Legislators
President
Cabinet
Armed Forces
Executive Office
Legislation
Elects
Elects
Elect
Elect
ELECT
Controls
Appoints
Appoints
Controls
Approves
Approves
Approves
Appoints
Pulling apart the meaning :
Democracy - Citizens have a voice

Federal - The US government system gives power to the State and to the Central government .

Republic - Citizens have a voice through their representatives.
Preamble
NOT A LAW.
Gives the reason for the Constitution.

We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
History
Articles of the Constitution
Table of Contents
Principles the country was founded on.
Liberty
Equality

Morality
Education
Justice
The federalists created the Federalist papers to be able to encourage the states to be able adopt the constitution.
Despite many peoples beliefs, the US government was not founded upon Christian DOCTRINE

HOWEVER

The US government was founded upon Christian MORALS
SUPREME COURT
The Highest Court In America

Their Purpose is to interpret the laws that are passed by Congress

All other district Courts are required to follow the decisions enforced in the Supreme Court
DISTRICT COURTS
District courts are regional judiciary courts that try local crimes and misdemeanors
COURT OF APPEALS
94 federal judicial districts
(At least one district in each state, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico)
They hear federal cases but there is a seperate court system that hears bankruptcy cases
The Virgin Islands, Guam, and the Northern Mariana Islands -- have district courts that hear federal cases, including bankruptcy cases


States' powers and limits
(Article IV)
All states have to have full faith in and give full credit to the laws of the other states
Treat citizens as fairly as their own
Send arrested citizens back to another state if charged with a crime
There is no maximum of justices set by the Constitution, But it is set by Congress. Currently there is 9, but there has been as little as 6, and as much as 18.
May be referred to in a Civil, or a Criminal case, that requires a higher court due to a legal error.

The Trial is decided with the evidence from the lower district court.

First, there must be an appeal to determine whether there was an er made or not. If so, the court will proceed.

If there is still an issue aftr a verdict has been give, an appeal to take it to the Supreme Court can be made.

Preamble
Process of Amendment
2 ways:
1. Congress can write in a change if both Houses have a two-thirds majority
2. State governments can convene to write changes
(Hasn't happened since 1787!)
How to change:
Any change must be sent to the states for their approval
Three-fourths must approve
You can change any part of the constitution EXCEPT
No amendment can change that each state has equal right to vote in the senate.
ELECTS
Full transcript