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Copy of Humanities Project (1)

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Debbie Tan

on 1 April 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Humanities Project (1)

Humanities Project Done by: Group 2 (Vasuda, Gauri, Deborah & Kellyn) INDIA Contents: 1) Reasons why we chose India 2) Summary 3) Q and A Session CLIMATE RELIEF WATER RESOURCES SOIL SiZe Of India The total cultivable area in India is 1,269,219 km² (56.78% of total land area), which is decreasing due to constant pressure from an ever-growing population and increased urbanization. India has a total water surface area of 314,40 km² and receives an average annual rainfall of 1,100 mm. India's major mineral resources include Coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), Iron ore, Manganese, Mica, Bauxite, Titanium ore, Chromite, Natural gas, Diamonds, Petroleum, Limestone and Thorium (world's largest along Tamil Nadus shores). India's oil reserves, found in Bombay High off the coast of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan and in eastern Assam meet 25% of the country's demand. Coal Iron Ore Maganese Mica Bauxite Titanium Ore Chromite Diamond Limestone Thorium •25% of India---> 3103 729 90
•1% of world population---> 7000 0000 0 it is derived that the mineral resources are enough to meet 25% of the country's needs... still, 25% of India's population is much more than the number of people we have to deal with now. This means that there is plenty of mineral resources to meet the 1% of the world's population we are dealing with now. India's inland water resources comprises of rivers, canals, ponds and lakes and marine resources comprising the east and west coasts of the Indian ocean and other gulfs and bays. Technology HISTORICAL FACTORS MEDICAL UTILITIES NATURAL DISASTER Q & A Session Any Questions? ? Although the disadvantages may seem to be overwhelming, looking at the bigger picture, the advantages are more worth it.
And that is why we chose India. :) -The End- India Is a suitable and Excellent Choice As All These Factors(Human And Physical) Have proved That The Population(1%) That We Are Dealing With, Will Be Able To Survive, allowing The society To flourish again. And Thus... Natural disasters in India, many of them related to the climate of India, cause massive losses of Indian life and property. Droughts, flash floods, cyclones, avalanches, landslides brought on by torrential rains, and snowstorms pose the greatest threats. Other dangers include frequent summer dust storms, which usually track from north to south; they cause extensive property damage in North India and deposit large amounts of dust from arid regions. Hail is also common in parts of India, causing severe damage to standing crops such as rice and wheat. This is very dangerous as there is only 1% of the population left on Earth. Many lives will be lost easily due to these Natural Disasters. If the death rate is faster than the reproduction rate, the population will be on the brink of destruction and may collapse. Landslides are common in the Lower Himalayas. Parts of the Western Ghats also suffer from low-intensity landslides. Avalanches occurrences are common in Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Sikkim. Floods are the most common natural disaster in India. Almost all of India is flood-prone Wikipedia The National Health Policy was endorsed by the Parliament of India in 1983 and updated in 2002. Both urban and rural Indian households tend to use the private medical sector more frequently than the public sector, as reflected in surveys. Credits: Wikipedia Credits: Wikipedia 4) The End THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION! Credits: Wikipedia Credits: Wikipedia CREDITS 1) Wikipedia.org
2) Google.com
4)http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_Percentage_of_different_soils_in_India 5)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laterite
7)http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_climate_of_India Healthcare issues in India: Malnutrition, High infant mortality rate, Diseases, Poor sanitation, Inadequate safe drinking water, Rural health, Female Health Issues. The National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) was launched in April 2005 by the Government of India. The goal of the NRHM was to provide effective healthcare to rural people with a focus on 18 states which have poor public health indicators and/or weak infrastructure. According to National Family Health Survey-3, the private medical sector remains the primary source of health care for 70% of households in urban areas and 63% of households in rural areas. Several reasons are cited for relying on private rather than public sector; the main reason at the national level is poor quality of care in the public sector, with more than 57% of households pointing to this as the reason for a preference for private health care. (Source: Wikipedia) The Indus Valley civilization, India's earliest known civilization (2500-1700 BC), is identified by its interesting culture as well as its artifacts. The strength and basis of Hinduism is attributed to the Vedic culture (about 1500), as well as the origin of the caste system. India has had many different influences throughout its history due to the migration, invasion or expansion of other nations. Some of these nations or people who influenced India include the Mongols (under the direction of Genghis Khan), the Greeks (Alexander the Great), and the British. India was a wealthy country, economically and culturally up until British colonization. Europeans would trade with India for spices or cotton textiles, but when the British colonized the country the economy declined. This was due in part to exploitation and destruction of India's industries and wealth. (Source: http://www.asianinfo.org/asianinfo/india/pro-history.htm) Eventually, India would be granted its independence again in 1947, after which a slow progression has been seen in its development.Historically India is an ancient land with a continuous civilization of 5000 years. The Indus valley civilisation (3000 BC to 1500 BC) was followed by the Sanskrit-speaking Vedic period (1500 BC to 500 BC). The first of the Indian empires, the Mauryan empire began shortly after Chandragupta Maurya (274-237 BC). The post-Asoka empires were followed by empires of the Gupta, Pratihara, Pala, Chalukya, Chola, Pandya dynasties. Subsequently, around the 9th century, the Muslim period was established followed by the arrival of the Europeans, mostly British in the 17th century. On August 15, 1947 India attained independence. It adopted a parliamentary system of government with a union of states proclaiming itself to be a Sovereign Democratic Republic. (Source: http://www.asianinfo.org/asianinfo/india/pro-history.htm) Indian soils are generally divided into four broad types. These soil types are: 1) alluvial soils; 2) regur soils; 3) red soils and 4) laterite soils Alluvial soils This is the most important and widespread category. It covers 40% of the land area. In fact the entire Northern Plains are made up of these soils. They have been brought down and deposited by three great Himalayan rivers- Sutlej, Ganga and Brahmaputra- and their tributaries. Through a narrow corridor in Rajasthan they extend into the plains of Gujarat. They are common in eastern coastal plains and in the deltas of Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri.Alluvial soil - a fine-grained fertile soil deposited by water flowing over flood plains or in river beds Regur soil REGUR SOILS: These soils are black in colour and are also known as black soils. Since, they are ideal for growing cotton, they are also called cotton soils, in addition to their normal nomenclature of regur soils. These soils are most typical of the Deccan trap (Basalt) region spread over north-west Deccan plateau and are made up of lava flows. They cover the plateaus of Mahrashtra, Saurashtra, Malwa and southern Madhya Pradesh and extends eastwards in the south along the Godavari and Krishna Valleys.regur soil - a rich black loam of India loam - a rich soil consisting of a mixture of sand and clay and decaying organic materials Red Soil These soils are developed on old crystalline rocks under moderate to heavy rainfall conditions. They are deficient in phosphoric acid, organic matter and nitrogenous material. Red soils cover the eastern part of the peninsular region comprising Chhotanagpur plateau, Orissa, eastern Madhya Pradesh, Telangana, the Nilgiris and Tamil Nadu plateau. They extended northwards in the west along the Konkan coast of Maharashtra.
Red soil - Any of a group of soils that develop in a warm, temperate, moist climate under deciduous or mixed forests and that have thin organic and organic-mineral layers overlying a yellowish-brown leached layer resting on an illuvial (see illuviation) red layer. Red soils generally form from iron-rich sedimentary rock. They are usually poor growing soils, low in nutrients and humus and difficult to cultivate Laterite Soils The laterite soils is the result of intense leaching owing to heavy tropical rains. They are found along the edge of plateau in the east covering small parts of Tamil Nadu, and Orissa and a small part of Chhotanagpur in the north and Meghalaya in the north-east. Laterites are soil types rich in iron and aluminium, formed in hot and wet tropical areas. Most of India falls within the monsoon climate (south and west India) but the wider locations within India include very different characteristics. South and West India has a typical tropical monsoon-based climate. There is heavy rain almost continuously in the months of June, July, August and September. The South-west Monsoon winds first hit the Western coast from the Arabian Sea. They continue traveling towards the north-east, till they dry out. The seasons are: Winter (January and February), Summer (March to May), Monsoon (rainy) season (June to September,
Post-monsoon period (October to December) The eastern coast also receives rain in November from the North-east monsoon winds, which sweep into the mainland from the Bay of Bengal. In Northern India, the climate is very cold due to the higher elevation of the Himalayas. In Central India, near Delhi, the climate is dry, but with greater humidity nearer to the coast. Temperature can rise as high as 42°C in the summer in the central part of the country, while it falls to the negative range in the winter in the Himalayas. The Himalayas (from the Sanskrit words hima, “snow,” and alaya, “abode”), the loftiest mountain system in the world, form the northern limit of India. This great, geologically young mountain arc is about 1,550 miles (2,500 km) long, stretching from the peak of Nanga Parbat (26,660 feet [8,126 metres]) in Pakistan-administered Kashmir to the Namcha Barwa peak in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. Between these extremes the mountains fall across India, southern Tibet, Nepal, and Bhutan. The width of the system varies between 125 and 250 miles (200 and 400 km). The second great structural component of India, the Indo-Gangetic Plain (also called the North Indian Plain), lies between the Himalayas and the Deccan. The plain occupies the Himalayan foredeep, formerly a seabed but now filled with river-borne alluvium to depths of up to 6,000 feet (1,800 metres). The plain stretches from the Pakistani provinces of Sind and Punjab in the west, where it is watered by the Indus River and its tributaries, eastward to the Brahmaputra River valley in Assam state. The Indian Institute of Technology – conceived by a 22 member committee of scholars and entrepreneurs in order to promote technical education – was inaugurated on 18 August 1951 at Kharagpur in West Bengal by then minister of education Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. Beginning in the 1960s, close ties with the Soviet Union enabled the Indian Space Research Organization to rapidly develop the Indian space program and advance nuclear power in India even after the first nuclear test explosion by India on 18 May 1974 at Pokhran. India accounts for about 10% of all expenditure on research and development in Asia and the number of scientific publications grew by 45% over the past five years.[5] However, according to India's science and technology minister, Kapil Sibal, India is lagging in science and technology compared to developed countries.[6] India has only 140 researchers per 1,000,000 population, compared to 4,651 in the United States.[6] India invested US$3.7 billion in science and technology in 2002–2003.[7] For comparison, China invested about four times more than India, while the United States invested approximately 75 times more than India on science and technology.[7] Despite this, five Indian Institutes of Technology were listed among the top 10 science and technology schools in Asia by Asiaweek.[8] The number of publications by Indian scientists is characterized by some of the fastest growth rates among major countries. India, together with China, Iran and Brazil are the only developing countries among 31 nations with 97.5% of the world's total scientific productivity. The remaining 162 developing countries contribute less than 2.5%.[9] We did not include 'Presence of other settlements' which is one of the Human factors as the task requires ask to choose a a suitable place to resettle the remaining 1% of Earth’s population together in one location. So, if the remaining 1% is all together, there will be no other existing settlements on the earth. Wheat is one of the main crops that is grown in India.due to its climate.
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