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EU - basic income proposal

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Ramona Ludmann

on 28 January 2013

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Transcript of EU - basic income proposal

Using economic distribution to create EU social citizenship
B.I.G. Oxana Garganchuk
Maja Islam
Ramona Ludmann The challenges of implementing BIG European Union/National level

The Treaties
Referendum
Directive vs. Intergovernmental agreement Article 5
(3) The Union may take initiatives to ensure coordination of Member States’ social policies. Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) Article 3
3. The Union shall establish an internal market. It shall work for the sustainable development of Europe based on balanced economic growth and price stability, a highly competitive social market economy, aiming at full employment and social progress, and a high level of protection and improvement of the quality of the environment.
It shall combat social exclusion and discrimination, and shall promote social justice and protection, equality between women and men, solidarity between generations and protection of the rights of the child.
It shall promote economic, social and territorial cohesion, and solidarity among Member States. Treaty on European Union (TEU) Justification for BIG Unemployment
Poor families without an income
School tuition
Children care/Sabbatical periods
Legal pension Why should
Governments go for
BIG? Flexible system
- Pilot projects
Economic viability
social security policy
In the spirit of the
Union Stakeholding - Ackermann & Alstott


Birth Grant – Matsaganis


European Stipendium - Bauer & Schmitter


Basic Income (Euro-dividend) - Van Parijs Solution Models So Far Basic problem:
social inequality and injustice
positive externalities: poverty and unemployment reduction

EU-based solution
economic, political and social impact Introduction Introduction
Issue
Existing Solutions
BIG Defining criteria
BIG Implementation
BIG Funding
Conclusion: our model Structure Further Suggestions

BIG + Average income 27 452 euro/year
Monthly basic income (60%*average income)
1373 euro/month
GDP 2,775,518 million euro

Total social expenditure
32.1%* GDP = 890941 million euro
Population 65 821 885 

Expenditure for basic income (population*monthly basic income)
1,039,929 million = 38 %*GDP


Source: http://stats.oecd.org Example: France, 2011 Wealth Tax
Natural Resources Tax
Value Added Tax
Progressive Income Tax BIG Funding Example:
France, 2011 BIG Terms and Conditions The Second Bill of Rights, 1944 (proposed by Franklin Roosevelt):
The right to a useful and remunerative job;
The right to earn enough to provide adequate food and clothing and recreation;
The right of every family to a decent home;
The right to adequate medical care and the opportunity to achieve and enjoy good health;
The right to adequate protection from the economic fears of old age, sickness, accident, and unemployment;
The right to a good education. Recognition of economic rights The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Dozen of constitutions throughout the world (Finland, Spain, Ukraine, Romania, Syria, Russia etc.)

The Treaties of the European Union

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union The Second Bill of Rights influenced: Universal: Every person, irrespective of age, descent, place of residence, profession etc. will be entitled to receive this allocation. Individual: Every woman, every man, every child has the right to a basic income on an individual basis. Unconditional: Basic income as a human right which shall not depend on any preconditions. High enough: The amount should provide for a decent standard of living, which meets society’s social and cultural standards in the country concerned. European Commission
European Citizens' Initiative
Registered: 14/01/2013 http://ec.europa.eu/citizens-initiative/public/initiatives/ongoing/details/2013/000001
Title: Unconditional Basic Income (UBI) - Exploring a pathway towards emancipatory welfare conditions in the EU 32% 38% GDP GDP
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