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Castle Creek

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by

Caroline Carr

on 19 December 2014

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Transcript of Castle Creek

Dumped tons of
rouge byproduct
into Castle Creek which then leached into Seneca Lake
Rouge byproduct (iron oxide) creates
Yellow Boy
Iron molecules react with oxygen to create solid iron oxide known as "yellow boy"
Sinks to bottom of rivers/waterways to pollute
Chokes out aquatic life, kills fish and plants
Summer of
1779
- General John Sullivan and British army drove Kanadesaga out in revenge for aligning with English

Europeans then settled the area
Farmers began using Castle Creek for irrigation purposes
Geneva Area
Industrial Uses
Upstate New York: major producer of industrial goods
Buffalo Region: main center for heavy industry
Iron, steel, aircraft and automobile parts and accessories, and machinery, as well as flour, animal feed, and various chemicals.
Factories dumped waste into the Finger Lakes water system
Urban H2O - Castle Creek
Introduction
Castle Creek
- a unique and vital water source that connects to Seneca Lake in Geneva New York

City Growth
Village was slowly built into thriving city (declared in 1872)
Castle Creek remained asset to people for years
Bathing, cooking, and cleaning

As population increased and city industrialized, creek's role diminished

It changed in physical appearance, biodiversity, and overall health
Rural Area
Vineyards
Suburban Area
Creek runs near streets and neighborhoods
Significant pollution
Loss of riparian growth
Cinder blocks and nets used to help prevent erosion
Urban Area
Kanadesaga
Way of life depended on earth and its resources

Castle Creek
- highly valued for drinking water, fish, and quality land for crops

Did not bathe in creek because it was a sin

Rerouted through
500 meters
of concrete tunnel
Does not allow photosynthesis
No riparian growth
Increase in chloride levels due to leaking pipes, runoff, and other pollutants
Strong riparian growth
protects from erosion, facilitates water quality of low chloride levels, and sustains widespread biodiversity
Late 1800s: Bausch & Lomb Optical Company
Project Outline
Explore Castle Creek's physical changes and altered role in Geneva community
Combined skills and connections to compile effective project

Contacted:
Geneva Historical Society
Susan Cushman - Biology Professor
John Halfman - Geo Science Professor
Beth Kinne - Environmental Studies Professor
Geneva Suburban Residents
Sage Gerling- Director of Neighborhood Initiatives
Agricultural Effects
Use pesticides, fungicides, and insecticides to protect crops
Pipes draining into Castle Creek - eroding the land and polluting
Organochlorine
pesticides contaminate groundwater, surface water, food products, air, soil and affect human beings through direct contact
Pesticide exposure to humans may cause diseases such as cancer, respiratory diseases, skin diseases, endocrine disruption, and reproductive disorders
Abnormal Chloride Levels
Increase in chloride due to
human-cause factors
- road salt, sewage contamination, and water softeners
Also because of large developed areas with impermeable surfaces
Can harm aquatic organisms by interfering with Osmoregulation
Hinders survival, growth, and reproduction of water organisms
Trash in the Neighborhood
The existence of trash build up is inevitable, but can be picked up and prevented!
Greater respect and livelihood = less trash
Population density
Agricultural vs. Suburban vs. Urban
Examples and evidence

Our Plan
Bicentennial Park

Lakefront Park

Current Uses of the Creek
Creek runs
directly
through city's center
Upholds water cycle, promotes biodiversity, and connects fragmented habitats for animals and people alike

Importance has been forgotten

Wanted to explore issue and raise awareness of Castle Creek's value in the city today
Lakefront Park
Multipurpose trail where creek meets lake


Similar to New York City’s
High Line
Pathway would be innovative enhancement to valuable space that already exists
Added seed strip, trees, and native plants along trail would act as natural water filter and support biodiversity

People can take advantage of the nature and be more appreciative of Castle Creek
Bicentennial Park
Currently
open space
with Castle Creek running through -
insufficiently used

Creation of a park would draw positive attention to the creek
Propose to place informational boards, benches, picnic tables, playground, and native shrubbery

Make creek a more appealing, accessible, and respected asset to the community

European Settlers
Seneca County of upstate New York
Geneva has over 13,000 people
Situated on Northern outlet of Seneca Lake - largest and deepest of the glacial Finger Lakes
Rich history of Seneca Native American occupation
Specifically Kanadesaga - thrived off of lake and surrounding watershed, including
Castle Creek
Full transcript