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The First Roman Triumvirate
Transcript of The First Roman Triumvirate
Period: 3 The First Roman Triumvirate People Involved - The final winner in the whole triumvirate
-married her 14 years old daughter to Pompey to gain his trust
-the last one to join the first triumvirate (after he returns from spain) Julius Caesar -Died after the lose of the battle Carrhae civil war, turned the organization into two, and cause the brake out between Pompey and Caesar
-Was the concul before Caesar. Marcus Licinus Crassus -Brake up his relationship with Caesar and united
the senate to get Caesar off his political stage
-killed by Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator, the
-Lose the war between him and Caesar
and flee to Egypt Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus -Married Caesar for the political power she can gain
-Attracted Caesar by her brilliance, some say by the looking
-Married to Mark Antony after Caesar's death Cleopatra 53 - 45 b.c. The beginning of the first triumvirate Between the death of Sulla and the beginning of the 1st Triumvirate in 59 B.C., 2 of the wealthiest and most powerful remaining Romans, Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus (106-48 B.C.) and Marcus Licinius Crassus (112-53 B.C.), grew increasingly hostile to each other. This wasn't simply a private concern, since each man was backed by factions and soldiers. To avert civil war, Julius Caesar, whose reputation was growing because of his military successes, suggested a 3-way partnership. This unofficial alliance is known to us as the 1st triumvirate, but at the time was referred to as an amicitia 'friendship' or factio (whence, our 'faction'). However, the triumvirate, as it was expected
by all the members(they all want independent
political power). The triumvirate further degenerated in 53 B.C., when a Parthian army attacked the Roman army at the Carrhae, and killed Crassus. Julius Caesar returned to Rome with his army. Regardless of the legitimacy of the original treason charge the tribunes had vetoed, and the disregard for the law involved in violating the tribunes' sacrosanctity, the moment Caesar stepped across the Rubicon river, he had, in legal fact, committed treason. Caesar could either be convicted of treason, or fight the Roman forces sent to meet him, which Caesar's former co-leader, Pompey, led.
Pompey had the initial advantage, but even so, Julius Caesar won at Pharsalus in 48 B.C. After his defeat, Pompey fled, first to Mytilene, and then to Egypt, where he expected safety, but instead met his own death. The End of The First Triumvirate Caesar soon became dictator, and most of his contributions includes:
-Julius Caesar granted citizenship to many colonials, thus widening his base of support.
-Caesar granted pay to Proconsuls to remove corruption and gain allegiance from them.
-Caesar established a network of spies.
-Caesar instituted a policy of land reform designed to take power away from the wealthy.
-Caesar reduced the powers of the Senate so as to make it an advisory council only.
However, with the fear of him becoming a king, or in another word, the decline of the republic, 60 senators, together, murdered him. The Very Last Days Work citied:
http://www.unrv.com/fall-republic/first-triumvirate.php Thank You!