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Historical Context Of The Thief And The Dogs
Transcript of Historical Context Of The Thief And The Dogs
The revolution was faced with immediate threats from Western imperial powers, particularly the United Kingdom, which had occupied Egypt since 1882, who were wary of rising nationalist sentiment in territories under their control throughout the Arab world.
This led to a war and despite enormous military losses, the war was seen as a political victory for Egypt, especially as it left the Suez Canal in uncontested Egyptian control for the first time since 1875, erasing what was seen as a mark of national humiliation. This strengthened the appeal of the revolution in other Arab and African countries.
•July 23, 1952: group called the Free Officers Movement led by General Muhammad Neguib, forced King Farouk to abdicate to his infant son, but General Neguib and his Revolutionary Command Council (RCC) assumed the operation of the government. Eleven months after taking power, General Neguib declared the end of the monarchy in Egypt and became the country's president, prime minister, and chairman of the RCC.
•1952: beginning of educational reforms in Egypt, including the installation of free (and compulsory) public education for children ages 6-12 with co-education at the primary level. The government prioritized the goal of eradicating illiteracy, which proved difficult due to the lack of facilities in rural areas.
The Egyptian Revolution of 1952 began on 23 July 1952, with a military coup by the Free Officers Movement, a group of army officers led by Muhammad Naguib and Gamal Abdel Nasser.
The revolution was initially aimed at overthrowing King Farouk. However, the movement had more political ambitions, and led to the abolishing of the constitutional monarchy and aristocracy of Egypt and Sudan, and establishment of a republic, and the end the British occupation of the country.
The revolutionary government adopted a staunchly nationalist, anti-imperialist agenda, which came to be expressed chiefly through Arab nationalism, and international non-alignment.
Revolution of 1951
•1954: As president of Egypt, Nasser pronounced the country a one-party, socialist state. When Egypt and Syria joined to form the United Arab Republic in 1958, Nasser hoped other Arab nations would follow suit. Though many viewed Nasser as a champion of Arab interests, his hopes for a pan–Arab state never materialized, and Syria withdrew from the republic in 1961.
•1955: First opening of family planning clinics and state efforts to control population growth.