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Temperate Deciduous Forest
Transcript of Temperate Deciduous Forest
In deciduous forests there are five different zones.
The Tree Stratum zone
The small tree and sapling zone
The shrub zone
The Herb zone
The Ground zone
The plants have adapted to the forests by leaning toward the sun. Soaking up the nutrients in the ground is a way of adaptation.
The animals adapt to the climate by hibernating in the winter and living off the land in the other three seasons. The animals have adapted to the land by trying the plants in the forest to see if they are good to eat for a good supply of food. Also the trees provide shelter for them. Animal use the trees for food and a water sources. Most of the animals are camouflaged to look like the ground.
The Tree Stratum zone contains such trees as oak, beech, maple, chestnut hickory, elm, basswood, linden, walnut, and sweet gum trees. This zone has height ranges between 60 feet and 100 feet.
The Tree Stratum zone
This zone has young, and short trees.
Small tree and sapling zone
Some of the shrubs in this zone are rhododendrons, azaleas, mountain laurel, and huckleberries.
The shrub zone
The herb zone contains short plants such as herbal plants.
The herb zone
The ground zone contains lichen, club mosses, and true mosses.
The ground zone
The Deciduous forest has four distinct seasons, spring, summer, autumn, and winter. In the autumn the leaves change colors. During the winter months the trees lose their leaves.
The American Beech tree grows in the southern and eastern parts of the United States. It grows in deciduous forests all over Maine and northern Massachusetts. It grows best in deep, rich, moist, well-drained soils.
The pecan tree can grow to enormous heights, sometimes to heights of 180 feet, and has an upright growing pattern. The bark is pale gray or whitish brown, scaly, and deeply furrowed. The bark on the pecan tree is rough and scaly, and is pale grey or brown. The heartwood is solid brown and black.
Mosses are simple, rootless evergreen plants. They can live in a wide variety of habitats, but are most often found covering the ground, growing on stream beds, and on the base of trees in deciduous woodlands. Carpet moss grows in eastern North America and Europe.
The Bald Eagle is a large fierce looking bird. It's name in Latin means "the sea eagle with a white head". It is the national symbol of the United States of America. Benjamin Franklin had suggested that the national symbol be the Wild Turkey, because the Bald Eagle was "a bird of bad moral character", but he was outvoted. Today it is seen on many things in the United States, such as money, seals, and other patriotic symbols.
American Bald Eagle
The fur of the white-tailed deer is a grayish color in the winter then more red comes out during the summer. It has a band of white fur behind its nose, in circles around the eyes, and inside the ears. More white fur goes down the throat, on the upper insides of the legs and under the tail.
Deep in the woods of the Northeast Asian deciduous forest roams the least weasel. Its long slender body and sharp nails help this mammal hunt day and night. The least weasel is the smallest carnivore in the world. The least weasel's habitat consists of living in stone walls, hedges, farmland, and the woods. Least weasels avoid deep forests, sandy deserts, and open spaces.
The range of elevation for a deciduous forest ranges to around 900 m (3,000 ft), in the Allegheny Mountains. The highest mountains that are in Virginia support the varied mesophytic hardwood or coniferous-deciduous forests of this environmental group.
Most deciduous forests have mild summers averaging about 70 °F. Summer months usually begin in early June and end in late August. Winter months don't begin until December. Winter temperatures are fairly cool with an average temperature of a little below freezing. Almost all of the world's deciduous forest is located by an ocean. The ocean and the wind are two big factors of why the temperature and climate change so much in this biome.
Deciduous forests can be found in the eastern half of North America, and the middle of Europe. There are many deciduous forests in Asia. Some of the major areas that they are in are southwest Russia, Japan, and eastern China. South America has two big areas of deciduous forests in southern Chile and Middle East coast of Paraguay. There are deciduous forests located in New Zealand, and southeastern Australia also.
If humans keep logging and building inside of the Deciduous forests then the animals will be out of a home. Some animal and plant species could cease to exist
The Main way deciduous forests have been affected by humans is urbanisation, people moving into the countryside, building farms and other buildings. Deforestation, is a result of this as well as land is cleared for farmland.
Humans also build motorways through deciduous forests.
Logging is also an issue as large areas are destroyed.