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Transcript of Aboriginals
Australians By Celia Beed The invasi The effect of British colonisation on the Aboriginals Loss of Independence Food Clothes Aboriginals before colonisation Aboriginals were hunters and gathers before colonisation. They had no domesticated animals and did not grow crops. They used to hunt meat for a couple of months and then move to the streams to catch fish. They also ate berries and other bush tucker.This ensured they had a balanced diet and preserved the animal species. They made numerous weapons including spears and boomerangs to hunt native animals. When the first fleet arrived, the Europeans and the Aboriginals
initially had good relations but these broke down over disputes regarding land, culture, spiritual beliefs and the act of moving them away from their traditional land.
Aboriginals were treated as inferior to European settlers. They were often not believed in court cases, paid less in employment and were punished severely for minor offences. Settlers forced Aboriginals off their land,
making them live in towns, missions or reserves which resulted in them losing their independence. They lost traditional knowledge, language, culture and the ability to move about freely. Aboriginals were treated as inferior, forced to obey English laws, paid less for working and disbelieved in court cases. Aboriginals wore brief animal skin, while others were just naked because this was part of their cultural upbringing. They didn't have access to wool or cotton. Children were treated differently compared to today. The boys hunted at a very young age and the girls would sort the food, collect berries and help injured Aboriginals. They made their own toys such as balls, didgeridoos and skipping rope. They were also told stories of the Dreamtime by the Elders which were past on from generation to generation. n Colonisation Children Aboriginals were treated unfairly and should have been given more
respect as they were the traditional
owners of Australia.
In 2008, the Prime Minister then Kevin Rudd made an apology to the
Aboriginal people on behalf of the nation. We are sorry Health The introduction of alcohol by Europeans had devastating affects on Aboriginals and their culture. Some men were known to beat family members and friends when under the influence of alcohol. Violence often lead to crime & run ins with the law. The introduction of European diets had serious affects on the Aboriginal's health. They were used to their traditional foods. They were forced to eat "white mans" food. This diet did not provide enough nutrients for their good health.
Diseases introduced by settlers wiped out many aboriginals as they had no immunity to these diseases.
Examples include smallpox, tuberculosis, measles and other diseases. Aboriginal settlement Aboriginal settlement mainly occurred around rivers and more fertile land in the southern regions of Australia. Smaller settlements occurred in more arid areas. Tribes tended to be more nomadic in areas with food and water shortages. No land ownership The Aboriginals were nomadic as they had no concept of owning land. They would move location when the food and water were in short supply. Aboriginals were also tied to the land through their spiritual beliefs. New settlers took away the Aboriginal's land and forced them to move away. The land was cleared for domesticated animals and they grew crops on it. The Aboriginal's knowledge of the plants that grew & animals they once hunted was lost. They cut down the trees that the Aboriginals needed for their daily lives. To feed themselves, Aboriginals would hunt the new settler's animals and for this they were punished severely. Loss of land Bibliography/References
The short Aboriginal History in Australia.
Australian Aboriginal History
History of Indigenous Australians - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Indigenous history part 2 - European impacts - Skwirk
Tucker, Alan R. Homelands and Frontiers. Omnibus Books, 1999.
Tucker, Alan R. Side by Side. Omnibus Books, 1998. Bibliography/References
http://images.theage.com.au/2011/02/09/2174494/Marika-420x0.jpg Treatment of Aboriginal people by settlers Many Aboriginals were killed by Europeans. Children were often taken away from their families and those with "mixed blood" were used as servants.They were forced to speak English, forget their own language and stop their own spirituality. ` Conclusion Before the First Fleet arrived, Aboriginals were hunters and gatherers with no concept of land ownership. They roamed the land freely and carried out the same activities for thousands of years. The lifestyle of aboriginals changed dramatically during and after colonisation. They were treated as inferior to Europeans resulting in many disputes over land, culture, spiritual beliefs and so on. Many Aboriginals died as a result of battles with settlers and European diseases. Children were often taken away from their families and forced to live with Europeans. They had to adopt their way of life which denied them of any choice. Alcohol and a change of diet had a devastating effects on Aboriginal health.
Many believe they were treated badly and so the Government has tried to reconcile with the Aboriginals.
This process is ongoing but there is still a long way to go.