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Poetry of the Romantic/ Victorian Age

English Honors; Period 7
by

Stephanie Mamouzellos

on 9 June 2013

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Transcript of Poetry of the Romantic/ Victorian Age

Break, Break, Break
by Lord Alfred Tennyson Christina Rossetti uses the title, "Sleeping at Last," to suggest that the main character has passed away, or is sleeping for eternity. The words "at last" imply that the person who has passed is happy that their time has come, revealing that the person may have suffered during their lifetime. Sleeping at Last The Daffodils The Daffodils Ozymandias
by Percy Bysshe Shelley Ozymandias is a sonnet with an unorthodox rhyme scheme. Rather than following the traditional ABAB CDCD..... sonnet rhyme scheme, the rhyme scheme is: In the poem, Lord Alfred Tennyson uses stylistic techniques to represtent a nostalgic mood. He reminises the characters previous journeys through the life of a sailor. Using personification, he gives life to nature around the character emphasizing the power of the ocean. By: Jaime Talamo
Stephanie Mamouzellos
Jenna Serio
Sandy Spicer
Nicolette Smith
Morgan Kelly Poetry of the Romantic/ Victorian Age I met a traveller from an antique land (A)
Who said: Two vast and trunkless legs of stone (B)
Stand in the desert. Near them, on the sand, (A)
Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown, (/B)
And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command, (A)
Tell that its sculptor well those passions read (C)
Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things, (D)
The hand that mocked them and the heart that fed: (C)
And on the pedestal these words appear: (E)
"My name is Ozymandias, king of kings: (D)
Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair!"(/E)
Nothing beside remains. Round the decay (F)
Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare (E)
The lone and level sands stretch far away. (F) A regular sonnet naturally seems to be grouped in lines of four, due to the routine rhyme scheme. Shelley's irregular rhyme scheme achieves in connecting the entire sonnet and making it seem more like a story rather than a forced poem. This is especially useful because it is supposed to be like a traveller's tale. Shelley's poem alludes to Egyptian pharaoh Ramses II (also known as Ozymandias), who famously built extravagant statues for himself. The poem creates the image of a decrepit statue in a vast desert. It is ironic that in the poem, the statue is marked with the words: "Look on my works, Ye Mighty, and despair!" when there is hardly anything left. an inspiration? The mood is one of desolation because of the deterioration of what were once glorious statues, now surrounded by endless sands. This ties into the Romantic period because Nature reigns supreme, causing the ruins described in the poem. To an Athlete Dying Young
by A.E. Housman Works Cited Egyptian Sculpture. 2004. Photograph. The British Museum, Room 4, London, UK. Wikipedia. By Mujtaba Chohan. Wikimedia Foundation, 12 Dec. 2011. Web. 26 May 2013. Keach, William, John J. Richetti, and Bruce Robbins. Adventures in English Literature. Pegasus ed. Orlando, FL: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1989. Print. About the Author Christina's use of internal rhyme emphasizes the tone and mood of the poem, and helps the reader become one with the author's emotions and feelings.The attitude of the poem and of the speaker is solemn,overjoyed, hopeful, gloomy, somber, and melancholic. Internal Rhyme: "Cannot wake her, nor shake her the gusty blast" (Line 9)
"Cold and white, out of sight of friend and of lover"(Line 3) Christina Rossetti: Born on December 5, 1830 Impacted by the character of Dorothea Brooke in George Eliot's "Middlemarch" Worked for the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (1870s) Very Religious: Her religious scruples were very similar Rossetti died of cancer on December 29th, 1894 She was one of the most important woman poets in England during the nineteenth-century "The Life of Christina Rossetti." The Life of Christina Rossetti. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 May 2013. <http://www.victorianweb.org/authors/crossetti/rossettibio.html>. "But of fourth the touch of a vanish'd hand, and the sound of a voice that is still!" (line 11-12) "Break" is representative of the ocean; how it can be both peaceful and violent. The sea is the main focus in this poem which helps the character refer back to his nostalgia. The poem has emphasis on "what is lost at the end of the day". In the poem, the character professes that "the tender grace of the day [is] dead" (line 15) The day has died yet his memories remain eternal. Romantic Age (1798-1832) Wordsworth uses the personification of the daffodils for the purpose of emphasizing the unique knowledge nature has to offer. Victorian Age (1837–1901) About the Author Emotion and imagination were emphasized over logic and reason.
A renewal in Gothic/medieval styled works.
Valued the individual and one's freedoms because society was left disillusioned by technology of the Industrial Revolution.
Motif of a yearning for nature, and much imagery of the natural world.
Increased interest in poetry, shown by the works of authors such as Keats, Wordsworth, Lord Byron, Coleridge, and Percy Shelley. Important Stylistic Techniques: Satire,Imagery, Puns, and Allusions. Queen Victoria ruled England from 1837-1901
Novelists of the 1840s and the 1850s responded to the industrial and political scene. Alfred Edward Housman was born in Fockbury, Worcestershire, England, on March 26, 1859.
He studied Roman and Greek classics intensively at St. John's college in Oxford and later became a professor in 1892.
His poems center around themes of pastoral beauty, unrequited love, fleeting youth, grief, death, and the patriotism of the common soldier.
Housman's poems were based on classical models and expressed a Romantic pessimistic nature.
Alfred Housman lived much of his life in seclusion. as classical texts were both an intellectual search for the truth and his life's work. **For these purposes, I put a slash to indicate slant rhyme. About Percy Bysshe Shelley National education required until the age of ten.
Technology helped to create an explosion of things to read.
Victorian novels were principal forms of entertainment.
Theater was a flourishing and popular institution.
Mid-Victorian Age: a time of prosperity, improvement, stability, and optimism. Shelley was born in 1792 in Sussex, England. He attended Eton College for six years, then went on to Oxford where he was quickly expelled due to his circulation of an atheist pamphlet that he wrote.
When he reached inheritance age, he eloped with Harriet Westbrook. Their marriage barely lasted a year, when Shelley fell in love with the daughter of philosopher William Godwin, Mary Wollstonecraft. The two moved to continental Europe together and married when it was discovered that Harriet had committed suicide. Shelley's writing was influenced by his many intellectual acquaintainces, such as Lord Byron and George Gordon.
Besides poetry, Shelley also wrote narrative poems, plays, and political essays. His most famous works were written in the last four years of his life, before he died at age thirty by drowning in a storm along with his wife Mary. Strongly influenced by the Romantics but subjects were more realistic. "Sleeping at last, the struggle and horror past" (Line 2) Percy Bysshe Shelley. N.d. Photograph. - Poets.org. By .. The Academy of American Poets, Inc., 5 Aug. 2012. Web. 29 May 2013. About Lord Alfred Tennyson About William Wordsworth August 6, 1809- October 6, 1892 Lord Alfred Tennyson did not have close relations to his family. One of his brother had been in constant arguments with his father while the other became addicted to opium. In 1827, Tennyson chose to escape his home life to attend Trinity College, Cambridge in order to recieve a proper education to make a living. In the same year he published his first poem, a duet he created with his brother, Poems by Two Brothers. At the age 41, Tennyson had created on of the most reputable impressions as a poet in the Victorian Age. He was one of the most popular and loved poet of his time period. Symbolism "And early through the laurel grows, it withers quicker than the rose"(Housman 11-12).
The laurel is symbolic of the victories the athlete had when he was younger.
Housman relates the athlete's victories with a rose, symbolizing the average lifespan of an individual.
In most cases, laurel is deceased before the rose withers, indicating that people's fame is temporary.
The athlete passes away before his fame dwindles, allowing his glory to live on in the minds of those dearest to him.
"And round that early-laurelled head" (Housman 25).
Creates emphasis on his victories in the past. Since he dies sooner than expected he is able to be souly recognized for his accomplishments.
Though he dies, his success lives on and will not fade, highlighting the impact he has on the author's life. William Wordsworth was born on April 7,
1770 in Cumberland.
He entered a local school in the Lake District and continued his studies at Cambridge University. As a young boy he was known to have had a love for nature.
As a British poet, he was credited with the initiation of the English Romantic Movement with the publication of 'Lyrical Ballads' (1798) in collaboration with Samuel Taylor Coleridge
He married Mary Hutchinson in 1820 after having written several poems in Germany with Coleridge including 'Lucy' poems
Later in Wordsworth's life, he abandoned his
radical views and became a patriotic,
conservative man. His later poems have not
gained similiar approval.
He died on April 23, 1850 as England's eminant poet. The Academy of American Poets, Inc. "Lord Alfred Tennyson." - Poets.org. The Academy of American Poets, 22 Feb. 2013. Web. 30 May 2013. Menon, Sindhu. "William Wordsworth Biography." The Literature Network. Jalic Inc., 2003. Web. 30 May 2013. <http://www.online-literature.com/wordsworth/> Winfield, William. Trinity Hall Master's Garden. 1870. Cambridge University Albumen Prints, Bosten. New Bosten Fine and Rare Books. Medium. 31 May 2013. Life vs.Death "To-day, the road all runners come," (Housman 5).
The hyphen in between to and day reveals the significance of life. Day is associated with life as night is with death.
Life proves to be a key element in the revelation of the motifs throughout the Romantic Age.
"Eyes the shady night has shut" (Housman 13).
This metaphorically highlights the dominant power of nature throughout the poem.
Night and day foil each other in the same manner as life and death.
"And the name died before the man" (Housman 20).
This not only emphasizes the battle between life and death, but how life overpowers death due to the athlete's spirit living on.
Life's triumph over death creates an elated, uplifting tone and captures the desire of recreating life. Reflection of the Romantic Age "I gazed-and gazed-but little thought
What wealth the show to me had brought:" (Wordsworth 17-18). Wordsworth uses a simple rhyme
scheme of ABABCC to further signify the value of simplicity. The motif of life versus death alludes to the experimentation occuring during the time period as people were attempting to recreate life.
End rhymes create the euphonious diction presented in the poem. This adds to the jubilant, upbeat tone experienced by many Romantic works. It also highlights the motif of triumph and the supernatural powers that life and death hold.
As a means of escaping hardships in life, people would turn to religion as a guidline of living. This is emphasized where the author abruptly alludes to the fact that he is a believer of life after death. After the death of the athlete, the reader is overcome by the dominance of nature and the idea behind the cycle of life.
Nature's significant role in the poem overpowers all other elements incorporated in the poem, enabaling one to recognize the dominance of nature during the era.
i I wandered lonely as a cloud (A)
That floats on high o'er vales and hills, (B)
When all at once I saw a crowd, (A)
A host of daffodils, (B)
Beside the lake, beneath the trees, (C)
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze. (C) The poem is written in iambic tetrameter. Each line has four ("tetra") iambs. An iamb is a short, unaccented syllable followed by a longer, accented syllable. Shmoop Editorial Team. "I wandered lonely as a Cloud (Daffodils) Rhyme, Form & Meter" Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Dec. 2008. Web. 31 May 2013. "For oft, when on my couch I lie
In vacant or in pensive mood, They flash upon that inward eye
Which is the bliss of solitude;"
(Wordsworth 19-22) Consonance of the consonant "l" establishes a serene and tranquil mood as Wordsworth reflects upon his
own deepest thoughts. Reflection to the Romantic Age Written works of the time often included
the reflection of one's deepest thoughts while
in solitude.
Authors of the Romantic Age used an
eye to symbolize a sudden realization or
rush of knowledge. Wordsworth chooses an
inward eye to metaphorically make a
reference to the mind and the imagination.
Emphasis of the imagination appeared
during this era. Dates back to
900 A.D. during
the Old/Middle
English period. "Tossing their heads in sprightly dance," (Wordsworth 12). The title "The Daffodils" gives an initial
impression of something delicate and unstrikingly simple. Emphasis on the
individual and
emotion. "...my heart with
pleasure fills,"
(Wordsworth 23).
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