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Making inferences

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Teresa Willoughby

on 27 June 2013

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Transcript of Making inferences

What do you infer from this sound?
Drawing Conclusions
Making Inferences:
Inference
is just a big word that means a conclusion or judgement.
If you infer that something has happened, you do not see,
hear, feel, smell, or taste the actual event.
But from what you know,
it makes sense to think that it has happened.
You make inferences everyday. Most of the time you do so without thinking about it.
Did you guess Car Crash?
That's inference. Making a guess
using what you know.
Murderers are usually
incarcerated
for longer periods of time than robbers.
The meaning of a word may be implied by the
general sense
of its context, as the meaning of the word
incarcerated
is implied in the following sentence:
GENERAL SENSE
Did you guess that
incarcerated
meant imprisoned?
EXAMPLES
When the meaning of the word is not implied by the general sense of its context, it may be implied by
examples.
Those who enjoy belonging to clubs, going to parties, and inviting friends to their homes for dinner are
gregarious
.
What do you infer?
You may infer the meaning of
gregarious
by answering the question "What word or words describe people who belong to clubs, go to parties a lot, and often invite friends over to their homes for dinner?"
You are right!
Did you infer that gregarious means social or likes the company of others?
Antonyms
and

Contrasts
When the meaning of a word is not implied by the general sense of its context or by examples, it may be implied by an
antonym or by a contrasting thought
in a context.
Antonyms
are words that
have opposite meanings,
such as happy and sad.
Ben is fearless, but his brother is
timorous.
You may infer the meaning of
timorous
by answering the question "If Ben is fearless and Jim is very different from Ben with regard to fear, then what word describes Jim?"
If you thought of a word such as timid, or afraid, or fearful, you inferred the meaning of timorous.
Dad gave
credence
to my story,
but Mom's reaction was one
of total disbelief.
A
contrast
in the following sentence implies the meaning of credence:
You may infer the meaning of credence by answering the question "If Mom's reaction was disbelief and Dad's reaction was very different from Mom's, what was Dad's reaction?"
DAD believed!
When a sentence contains an unfamiliar word, it is sometimes possible to infer the
general meaning of the sentence
without inferring the exact meaning of the unknown word.
Be Careful of the Meaning You Infer!
When we invite the Flinstones for dinner, they never invite us to their home for a meal; however, when we have the Rubbles to dinner, they always
reciprocate
.
You may have inferred that the Rubbles are more desirable dinner guests than the Flintstones without inferring the exact meaning of
reciprocate
. Or you may have concluded that the Rubbles differ from the Flintstones in that they do something in return when they are invited for dinner; If you are in the second scenario, then you concluded correctly that
reciprocate
means
"to do something in return."
Maybe you call it drawing conclusions, or making inferences, or even guessing. What is important is that a good reader learns to use the clues in the text to determine what is important, why it is important, how and why it is happening, and how one thing leads to another.
Simply getting the facts is not enough....
YOU must THINK about what those WORDS mean to YOU.
Inferring with
What can you INFER from this presentation?
http://academic.cuesta.edu/acasupp/AS/309.HTM
dspsweb@cuesta.edu. Last modified: 11/06/2003.
Credits:
COMMON CORE STANDARDS:

RL.6.1. Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
GUESSING
Full transcript