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Spanish One: Present Tense

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Sol Escobar

on 15 November 2016

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Transcript of Spanish One: Present Tense

Spanish One
University of Essex

EL PRESENTE
Verbos regulares
Practice
1. Mi hermana (hablar) muy bien el italiano.

2. Nosotros (estudiar) en la universidad todos los días.

3. Mis padres (vivir) en el centro de la ciudad.

4. Mis amigos (comer) siempre en el restaurante.

5. Vosotros (leer) siempre las noticias.
Conjugación
Identifica la raíz y la terminación verbal
(identify the stem and ending of the verb)

HABL
AR COM
ER

VIV
IR

There are only three types of endings for verbs in the infinitive: AR, ER, IR.
Separa la raíz de la terminación, luego reemplaza la terminación con la conjugación correspondiente
para la persona y el tipo de verbo.

(separate the stem from the ending in order to replace
the latter with the corresponding conjugated ending for the required person and type of verb)

HABL
AR
COM
ER
VIV
IR

USAGE
YO HABLO
I am speaking
Describes actions happening right now.

Qué haces?
Hablo por teléfono con mi amiga.
What are you doing?
I am speaking on the phone with my friend.
YO HABLO
I will speak
YO HABLO
I do speak
In questions, to get instructions or where English would often use the verb "do."


Pago ahora o después?
"Do I pay now or later?"


Alguien habla español?
iYo hablo!
Does anyone speak Spanish?
I do (speak)!
The present tense in Spanish has several uses. Let's take the example '(yo) hablo'
Describes something happening in the near future, used in conjunction with temporal adverbs (such as 'tomorrow', 'later', etc).

Hablo con él mañana.
I´ll speak to him tomorrow.


Como más tarde.
I´ll eat later.

Te llamo esta noche
I´ll call you tonight




It is used as a simple present and to describe usual actions.

(Yo)* Hablo un poquito de español.
I speak a little bit of Spanish.

(Yo) Hablo con mis padres todos los días.
I speak to my parents every day
the personal pronoun isn't always necessary in Spanish. It is used mostly for clarity or emphasis
USE THESE WEBSITES FOR FURTHER VERB CONJUGATION PRACTICE!

http://www.studyspanish.com/cgi-bin/verbs/verb_drill.cgi?option=1&title=2&type=A&conjugations=2&subjects=1

http://conjuguemos.com/activity.php?language=spanish&id=1&source=public&type=verbs

http://www.spaleon.com/pres.php?ids=3,6,9,11,18,24,53,42,46,50



Yo
- I

- You
Él
- He
Ella
- She
Usted
- You (formal)
Nosotros/as
- We
Vosotros/as
- You (plural)
Ustedes
- You (plural formal, plural informal in Lantin America)
Ellos/as
- They
ATENCIÓN!
Two of the most common irregular
verbs are SER and ESTAR.
Both verbs mean 'to be'.
We have seen these verbs in phrases such as:
De dónde eres?
soy de...
Cómo estás?
Estoy...

We will see these forms in detail next class!
Tarea:

1. Practise the verb drills online.
2. Find the conjugation table
for the following irregular verbs:
SER, ESTAR, IR, TENER and HACER. Look for patterns in the conjugations!

Hasta la semana que viene!
(the present tense of regular verbs)
In this lesson we will:

* Learn how to conjugate the present tense in Spanish (the basis for all other conjugations!)

* Discuss the different uses of the present tense in Spanish

* Practise conjugation, writing and learn new vocabulary
* Questions and statements in Spanish most of the time look the same (ie. the verb conjugation and order is the same). However, Spnaish changes the intonation to denote a question in oral communication, and places an inverted question mark at the start of the statement in written form.
PERSONAL PRONOUNS
Translate
1. My father is called (se llama) Pedro.

2. Your brother lives (vivir) in Spain.

3. We study (estudiar) Spanish.

4. My parents work (trabajar) in London.

5. The teacher (female) speaks (hablar) French.
Full transcript