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Mind Map - Canadian Government
Transcript of Mind Map - Canadian Government
Government The Court
System 3 Branches 3 Levels of
Government Representative Democracy Type of Government in Canada 1.Dissolution Election Process Prime Minister Various Jobs & responsibility Municipal Government Federal Government Provincial Government * Provide Public services (public debt, property, banking, marriage, divorce etc). *Education
*Social welfare *Fire Fighting
*2 basic choices:
Provide fewer services
Get money for services Executive Judicial Legislative *Power to make and amend laws.
*Sets employment insurance payment
*Sets taxation rate for education. *Decides who has broken the law.
*Judges & courts at Federal &
Provincial level hold this power. *Power to administer & carry out laws.
*Establishes high school diploma
*Exists national budget.
*Inspect business & restaurants. Provincial Courts Supreme court of Canada *Handle more serious cases called indictable offenses.
*Criminal matters, family matters, youth matters, small claims (Judge with no jury).
*Traffic & municipal by-law matters (judge or justice of the peace) *Highest court for all illegal issues in Canada since 1949.
*Decides on constitutional issues, act as the final court appeal.
*3 of the 9 justice must be from Quebec.
*PM chooses one out of the 9 justice to act as chief justice. *Citizens allow elected representatives to make decisions on their behalf. Constitutional Monarchy 2.Enumaration 3.Nomination 4.Campaigning 5.Balloting 6.Tabulation * Prime Minister dismisses
MP's & fix election date. *Enumerators compile numbers & names of all eligible voters (including age & address). *Each party nominate a candidate.
*Candidate must at least have 25 elector's signatures. *Parties & Candidate presents themselves to public. *Voters Go to a local school or community center to vote.
*Afterward, voters drops ballot in box. *Ballot counted.
*Results announced. Criminal & Civil Law. *Criminal law are contained in the criminal code of Canada.
*Breaking a criminal law is consider to be a wrong against Canada society.
*Only Federal government can make criminal laws, provincial government help to administer them.
*Civil law cases usually involves disputes over contracts, property or personal relationship. Legislative Process Member Of Parliament Official Opposition Governor General Premier Lieutenant Governor Senator MLA Mayor Councilor Role of the Citizen Major Political Parties Written Constitution Unwritten Constitution *Description of powers of government.
*Charter Rights and Freedom
*Amending formula 7/10. 50% *Traditions (i.e. political parties) *Vote
*E-mail the Mayor
*Civil disobedience etc... *Cabinet Minister has idea for a bill
*Idea explain to Cabinet.
*Cabinet approves idea.
*Lawyers draft bills.
*Cabinet committee examines bill.
*Cabinet & caucus approve bill.
*Bill introduced to House of common/
Senate for 1st reading.
*House debates & votes on principle of the bill.
*Parliamentary committee examines bill.
*House amends bill.
*3rd reading, debate & vote.
*Bill passes house.
*Senate/ House of Commons examines, debates,
*Bill passes senate.
*Governor General gives formal assent; bill is now law. Structure of Government Queen Governor General Parliament Prime Minister Senate House of Common Cabinet Courts Political Spectrum Extreme
Left Center (communist) (fascist) (moderate) Democrat Republican *Leader of Party. *Leader of a Party that gets the most votes becomes PM.
*Chooses & changes Cabinet members.
*Asks Governor General to call an election.
* Addresses Canadians on issues of national concern.
*Speaks on behalf of all Canadians at international meetings.
*Spokesperson for his or her party. *Represents the queen.
*Adviser to government.
*Reading the speech from
*Gives Royal assent to bills. *MP represent his/
her constituents. *Provide final check on
the legislation passed in
the House of Common.
*Work on committees &
task forces, and preform
diplomatic service for
representation. *Acts like Governor General
in provincial level.
*Represents the Mayor. *present Petitions, Resolutions, and Private Members'
Bills to the House.
*put forward Government Bills *To listen to people of higher authorities and to respect all people as equal. *Running the city government and providing goods and services for its people.
*In charge of the city budget and making sure city services are delivered.
*Appoints the Chief of Police and Fire Chief for his city. *To criticize government policies and suggesting improvements.
*Presenting an alternative to the current Government's policy agenda. *Appoint the Executive Board.
*Elect the Mayor.
*Represent their community
*Appoint the Leader of the
Council. :Relation KEY: Supreme court of Canada Federal courts Provincial Courts (Executive) (Judicial) (Legislative)