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The Photography Process

From Start to Finish
by

Haley Lorenson

on 17 January 2014

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Transcript of The Photography Process

The Digital Photography Workshop
LET'S EDIT!
You are on your own now!
I hope you will go out and practice! Find some
pretty scenery & do more levitation shots. Dress up, use props, and impress your family and friends!

Clone yourself, post it as your facebook profile picture, and enjoy reading the comments.

Just do something with what you learned!

If you have any questions, contact me:
Email: haley_992@hotmail.com
http://www.facebook.com/hclphotography
Understanding the Basics
Go Out & Do It!
Post Process
2) Let's Get To It!
Comes from 2 Greek words:

phos
” =
Light



graph
” =
To draw

Photography literally means:
"
TO DRAW
WITH
LIGHT
"
What Does

Photography

Mean?
What are some
Basic Terminologies?
What is the

Photographic Tri ngle?
What are the Different Parts of a
DSLR?
What can

Make or Break
a Photograph?

Any digital camera:
with interchangeable lenses
where image is viewed using a mirror and prism
where the image is taken directly through that lens
where what you see in your viewfinder is what the lens sees.
DSLR
"Digital Single Lens Reflex"
Camera
Focal Length
The distance, as marked on the lens, between the center of the lens & its focal point.
The distance is listed in millimeters, such as 50mm.
Haley Lorenson
Focal Length
Continued...
Less than 15mm
Extreme Wide Angle

- Architecture
15-35mm
Wide Angle
- Landscape
35-70mm
Normal
- Street &
70-135mm
Medium Telephoto
- Portraiture

135-300mm+
Telephoto
- Portraits, Sports, & Wildlife
http://imaging.nikon.com/lineup/lens/simulator/
& Macro
Documentary
Aperture
Shutter Speed
ISO
Depth of Field
Aperture
Shutter Speed
ISO
ALL
CONTROL
EXPOSURE
Exposure
http://www.usa.canon.com/app/html/EFLenses101/focal_length.html
CAUTION:
White Balance
Largely Influenced by Aperture-which we'll learn more about later
Focus
Important Parts of a DSLR
Camera Body
Focusing Ring
Shutter
Pop-Up Flash
Mode Dial
(Exposure Dial)
NIKON
CANON
(Aperture Value)
(Time Value)
Hot-Shoe Adapter
Lens/Glass
FRONT
Important Parts of a DSLR
BACK
How would this lens
work with this body?
Viewfinder
LCD Screen
To Tie It All Together:

Because they are one of the most Important investments in photography, make sure you get the most
BANG FOR YOUR BUCK.
LET'S TALK MORE ABOUT LENSES:
TWO PRIMARY TYPES (PLUS ONE)
PRIME Lenses
ZOOM Lenses
(Kit Lenses)
PRIME LENSES
Have a FIXED Focal length
Example: 35mm, 50mm, 85mm...
Most Always the Sharpest & Best in Quality
More Expensive-But Certainly Worth It.
ZOOM LENSES
Can fluently switch between focal lengths
Example: 10-24mm, 70-200mm...
Less Needed Exercise! No need to move!
Gets More Expensive with Larger Range
KIT LENSES
Are sold with the camera body,
Making it
look like
a better deal.
Are for Beginners who don't know what they want
DON'T GET SUCKERED INTO IT.
Are typically poor quality, cheap zoom lenses
Example: 18-55mm, 70-200mm...
Aren't as sharp or fast as prime lenses
Have small apertures (f/4.5-5.6)
making it harder:
to use in low-light situations

to blur out the background
Main Command Dial
Traditional
Photography
Digital
Photography
Two Primary Types of Photography
Controls the Colors in the Photograph
Look at the whites-or at least, what should be white
How to tell if the White Balance is off?
whites = too yellow
whites = too
blue
Sometimes you can
get away with off
white balances (for
shots of the sunset,
for instance) to add some color-punch.

But with portraits,
Quick Note:
WHITES

WHITE
NEED TO BE
White
Balance
ISO
What is the
Lowest
Shutter Speed
You Can Use
Without
a Tripod
&
Still
Get a Sharp Image?
Standard: 1/60th of a second
or
1/Focal Length
(Example: 35mm Lens, 1/35th of a second)
FUN THINGS TO TRY USING DIFFERENT SHUTTER SPEEDS
SLOW IT DOWN
SPEED IT UP
Painting With Light-Using Slow S.S., Creating Motion Blur
High-Speed Photography-Using VERY Fast S.S., Freezing the Action
F-stops
LARGE
APERTURE
SMALL
APERTURE
Depth of Field
"Point of Focus"
which part of the photograph is the subject
& THEREFORE, the sharpest
Focus Points
On Nikon cameras, photographers can
select their focus point to tell the camera
where exactly to autofocus.
Always focus on the eye closest to you.
PORTRAIT TIP:
Extreme Wide Angle
Landscape Lenses
Normal/Medium Telephoto Lenses
Telephoto Lenses
Prime Lenses
Zoom Lenses
SHALLOW
Depth of Field
DEEP
Depth of Field
Shallow D.o.F. = Better for Macro/Portraits
Deep D.o.F. = Better for Landscapes
It works in this instance, but
BE
VERY CAREFUL
WITH USING

A
WIDE ANGLE LENS FOR PORTRAITS
Exposure
Exposure

How much do you really know?
POP QUIZ!
What does Photography literally mean?
What are the 3 exposure elements?
What does DSLR stand for?
Which lens would give you the widest angle of view?
Which photograph represents the Rule of Thirds?
A. The Study of Light
B. To Draw with Light
C. To Graph Pictures
D. To Capture Light
A. Bracketing, Metering, Lighting
B. Ambient, Flash, Backlight
C. Aperture, Shutter Speed, ISO
D. Exposure Delay, Exposure Compensation, Exposure Meter
A. Digital Single Lens Reflex
B. Digital Sensor Light Reflector
C. To Graph Pictures
D. To Capture Light
A. Telephoto Lens
B. Fisheye Lens
C. Macro Lens
D. Tilt-Shift Lens
Good Bad?
BAD, no. This is STRAIGHT UP SAD.
OR
Why?
LIGHT
COMPOSITION
SHARPNESS
/
FOCUS

What Makes or Breaks A Photo?
Sharpness/Focus
(think Aperture & Depth of Field)
THE RULES
FOR COMPOSITION
Keep the background
out of focus
Simplicity
Negative Space
Rule of Thirds
Framing
or at the points they intersect
Position along these lines
Rule of Thirds Gridlines
The most important: You
HAVE
to get it right in the camera

Typically, WHERE Do I Focus?
Portraits --> on the

EYES


Landscapes --> usually everything should be in focus
How On Earth Do I Manage to do that?!
How Else Can I Manage to do that?!
For Landscapes without a clear subject,
(Although, sometimes you can creatively use out of focus shots)
Information Overload?
NEED A BREATHER?
Watch This: In Commemoration of April Fools
You probably can't watch this huh....
school internet policies....
https:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=71ANMaiyD2s
TRY THIS: COPY & PASTE IT INTO BROWSER
If it doesn't work,
Man. I tried.
The amount of light allowed to fall on the image sensor during the process of taking a photograph
(How much light is being recorded by the camera)
loss of details in the highlights; very bright; "blown out/washed out"
loss of details in the shadows; very dark
"the amount of time the shutter is open"
"the size of the opening in the lens when a picture is taken"
Larger Aperture
Smaller number-f/2.8

Smaller Aperture
Larger number-f/22
To DECREASE Exposure:
To INCREASE Exposure:
Slower Shutter Speed
Smaller Denominator
1/30, 1/60

Faster Shutter Speed
Larger Denominator
1/1000, 1/2000
To DECREASE Exposure:
To INCREASE Exposure:
B
Bulb
Keeps shutter open until
you release the shutter
Measured in seconds
(or in fractions of seconds)
Usually doubled in number
Ex: 1/125 -- 1/250 -- 1/500
measures the sensitivity of the image sensor to light
"International Standards Organization"
No need to remember this!
Exposure
Select Higher ISO
Ex: ISO 6400
SIDE EFFECT: Noise

Select Lower ISO
Ex: ISO 100
SIDE EFFECT: Smooth
For Daytime Shots:
For Nighttime Shots:
Noise is ugly.
Avoid
noise by shooting at
low
ISO settings.
Only increase your ISO if there is
no other way

to get enough light for a good exposure.
Noise/Grain
Smooth
LOW SENSITIVITY
HIGH SENSITIVITY
Leading Lines
Patterns
Point of View
HIGH POV
LOW POV
Quick Tips for Shooting Portraits &
Quick Tips for Modeling
Assignment for Today
Break Up Into Teams of 2

(preferably pair up with someone who
didn't bring their camera, if you did.)
Bring Camera, 2 Chairs & Tripod (or something else that is stable)
If you have a DSLR, try to use Aperture Priority, not auto!
Decide Your Location & Angles
Look for Leading Lines, Patterns, etc.
Choose to take one (or more) of the following photos:
Levitation Shot
Cloning Shot
Long Exposure Shot/Paint with Light (need a DSLR for this one)
Be Creative! Use props!
(If you don't want to model,
ask someone else to step in-I will too!)
More composition
guidelines to look up (if interested):
-Mergers
-Cropping
-Balancing/Symmetry
-Experimentation
-Horizon Guidelines
-Depth
-Reflections
-A TON MORE
Back Lighting
Side Lighting
Rim Lighting
Ambient/Natural Lighting
Soft/Diffused Light
Hard/Harsh Light
Artificial/Flash Lighting
Types of Lighting
At the end, we'll have a critique & I'll
choose my top three favorite photographs!

-If you want, redo your levitation/cloning/long-exposure shot
-Bring in your (& your partner's) unedited photos on Friday
(bring camera-to-computer connector cord or just bring in a thumbdrive with the files on it)
See you on Friday!
Homework for Friday:
Let's never edit like this:
http://youarenotaphotographer.com/
Exercise Caution When Looking At the Posts From This Link
Some photos will certainly scar your eyes forever!
*Once you are done, upload them to DropEvent (I'll show you)
Full transcript