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Archetypes and Oedipus Rex

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Liam Taylor

on 14 July 2014

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Transcript of Archetypes and Oedipus Rex

Archetype: (noun) Originating from the ancient Greek words "
which means original or old, and
which can be defined as a pattern, model, or type.
Situational Archetypes
The Task: circumstance in which the central character(s) strive to accomplish a task of immense proportions. (i.e. Book of Eli)

The Quest: that which the character(s) are seeking for, though they may or may not be aware of doing so.

The Loss of Innocence: a loss of innocence through sex, violence, or any other means. (i.e. To Kill A Mockingbird)

The Initiation: the point in time which the character experiences alternate forces of influence, (commonly adulthood).
(i.e. Carl, The Walking Dead)
Character Archetypes
Cheyenne, Nick, Liam, Imaan
Archetypes and Oedipus Rex
The Hero: courageous individual who continually saves the day.

The Outcast: individual that is exiled from society or leaves by choice.

The Scapegoat: individual who is persecuted for all wrongdoings.

The Shrew: wife who consistently nags her husband.
The Hero, The Outcast, The Scapegoat
Oedipus is a hero because he solves the of the Sphinx and thus saves the city of Thebes.

Oedipus is also an outcast because he willingly leaves Corinth and ultimately banishes himself once the prophecy is fulfilled.

Oedipus is a scapegoat
as well because he is
blamed for the death
of Laius.

The Bad Parent, The (Mild) Shrew, The Mentor

Jocasta is mildly a shrew due to the assertive way she treats her husband.

Both Jocasta and Laius are examples of bad parents as they willingly abandon their infant son on a mountain with a rope around his ankles.

However, Jocasta later becomes a mentor because she wants Oedipus to release his anger in other ways than focusing it on others.
The Prophet

Tiresias is the prophet because he has insightful knowledge of events that take place and events that have yet to happen.
The Victim

The chorus, or chorus leader, is the victim. The chorus and its leader have an amount of strength and perception. This protects them from victimization.
Connection to Greek Culture and Beliefs
The story of Oedipus grants a great amount of insight into Greek culture and beliefs. By studying this play, it is easy to see how myths and stories were viewed.
The Task
Lauis' Killer, Saving the City from the Sphinx

The tasks that are completed throughout the play are defeating the Sphinx and finding Laius' killer. The main one of the two tasks is finding Laius' killer as it uncovers the truth reveals that the prophecy came true.
One can also notice how the Greeks would have reacted to certain situations by examining the chorus.
The Quest
The quest of the play is Oedipus' personal struggle to find out who are his parents and where he truly comes from.
The Initiation
Oedipus' initiation into adulthood is when he runs away from Corinth (to prevent the prophecy) and, eventually, killing the shinx.
The Loss Of Innocence
Oedipus loses his innocence when he blinds himself, "opening his eyes" and realizing the truth.

Jocasta loses her innocence when she fully discovers she has married her son and commits suicide.
The Shepherd
The Servant

The shepherd is the servant because he simply provides Oedipus with something (information). He serves only others and not himself.
Connections to Modern Day
Modern day connections can be made by looking at the themes and moral lessons of the play.
By examining these, a person can figure out how to solve problems or react to certain situations in their own life.
The Mentor, the Loyal Retainer

Creon is a mentor because he tells Oedipus he is acting irrational by accusing him of treason.

Creon is also a loyal retainer because he still provides Oedipus knowledge on the murder of Laius despite he is being accused of treason.
Oedipus the King as an Archetype of Tragedy
Characters and Plot Construction in Contribution to Genre
Full transcript