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The Great Temple of Ramses
Transcript of The Great Temple of Ramses
of Ramses II The Temple of Ramses is part of the Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae and is around 31 metres tall. It is located in Wawat, an ancient settlement in Nubia, which is near the borders of Sudan. The temples, which were probably once brightly coloured, were cut into natural rock. The temples were then lapped up by the Nile, and after 11 centuries, they were rediscovered in 1817, by Giovanni Battista Belzoni. They were discovered when he accidently saw the top half of the Temple. It is believed that the temple is built in a way that the sun will shine upon every statue except for the statue of the God of the Underworld on October 21 and February 21 (61 days before and 61 days after the Winter Solstice). Made by Nathan and Tommy How is it managed? The Temple of Ramses II is a world heritage site because it meets the following criteria:
(i) "To represent a masterpiece of human creative genius"
(iii) "To bear a unique or exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared"
(vi) "To be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance" In 1964, the temple was cut into many large chunks and moved onto a huge artificial mountain. This was to prevent the Temple of Ramses II from flooding when the Aswan High Dam was to be created. It was done with financial aid from international donors. It cost $40 million at the time. The collapsed colossus of the great temple supposedly fell during an earthquake shortly after its construction,when moving the temple, it was decided to leave it there as the face was missing. Moving The Temple of Ramses II By Nathan and Tommy