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Clownfish and Sea Anemone

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by

James Kim

on 2 May 2014

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Transcript of Clownfish and Sea Anemone

Symbiosis
Clownfish and sea anemone share a special, almost flawless mutuallistic relationship.
Clownfish scare away predators from the anemone and the anemone provides clownfish with food and shelter
The stinging tentacles of the anemone scares predators of the clownfish away, and the feces of clownfish serve as a fertilizer for sea anemone.
Habitat/Geographical Location
Found in the Eastern Indian Ocean and Western Pacific Ocean
May be found in northern Australia, Southeast Asia, or Japan
Live in saltwater environments
Reproduction and Child Rearing
Clownfish are sequential hermaphrodites which means that they are born as males but grow into females as adults.
Males follow females to their nests, and the female lays the eggs there. The male then fertilizes them.
The males are in charge of taking care of the eggs and the offspring
What They Would do for Fun
Not much is actually known for what each species would actually do for fun
The anemone probably can't do anything much because it is sessile most of the time
Clownfish probably swim and find other colonies and females to reproduce with
Habitat/Geographical Region
Giant carpet anemone live in the Central Pacific, Indo Pacific, and the Red Sea.
These anemone live in shallow waters of the ocean
Reproduction and Child Rearing
Not much is known about the reproduction and child rearing of the Giant Carpet Anemone
I can guess that they reproduce by either budding or binary fission, and they don't take care of their offspring at all.
Clownfish and Sea Anemone
Common Clown Fish
Amphiprion ocellaris
Phylum: Chordata
Clown fish are fish that can grow up to 11cm and have orange and white stripes running down their backs.
http://www.nudibranch.org/Sulawesi%20Sea%20Slugs/html/fish/amphiprion-ocellaris-02.html
http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/s2007/berends_bets/habitat.htm
Feeding
Can feed on undigested food from sea anemone
Primarily feeds on zooplankton
Can obtain food from the sea anemone that it lives with
Obtains food by cleaning up leftover food from the sea anemone
Giant Carpet Anemone
Stichodactyla gigantea
Phylum : Cnidaria
Sea anemone that can grow up to no more than 50 centimeters in diameter that cover the sea floor.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stichodactyla_gigantea
http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm?c=497+499+2871&pcatid=2871
Feeding
This anemone's diet includes fish and shrimp
It usually stings its prey with their tentacles and then consumes them
http://www.garf.org/trever/anem/anenome.html
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