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Paralypmics

A Prezi about The Paralympics
by

Julia Kenny

on 17 September 2012

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Transcript of Paralypmics

The Paralympics History Famous Paralympians Chantal Benoit- Lee Pearson- Lyn Leopore- Sports There were twenty one different sports in The London Paralympics. There are so many that to have a paragraph of each and every sport would be to much to read! Some of the sports included are athletics, boccia, cycling and judo. Cycling Paralympic Cycling was originally developed as a sport for blind athletes, who first competed using tandem bicycles. Technological advancements have since opened up the sport to a wider range of athletes; as a result, it is now the third most famous sport in the Paralympics. Athletics Speed, strength, power and stamina is always on display during Athletics, the largest sport at the Paralympic Games. 1,100 athletes compete for 170 gold medals across track, field and road events. Boccia Judo Chantal Benoit is a Wheelchair Basketball player. She was first introduced to her sport when a group of her friends invited her to a demonstration of Wheelchair Basketball. A year later, a wheelchair basketball team was formed near where she lived. She decided to join. She has been on the National Canadian Wheelchair Basketball team since 1984.
In 2000 she received the IWBF's highest honour, the Gold Medal Triad Award presented to an athlete who has contributed in an outstanding manner to wheelchair basketball both on national and an international level. Bibliography
london2012.com/paralympics
www.wheelchairbasketball.ca
library.thinkquest.org/J0112424/
Google Images Classes, History and Tactics Classes 11–13 are for athletes with a visual impairment.
Class 20 is for athletes with an intellectual impairment.
Classes 31–38 are for athletes with cerebral palsy, with classes 31 to 34 using a wheelchair to compete.
Classes 40–46 are for athletes with a loss of limb or limb deficiency.
Classes 51–58 cover wheelchair racers or field athletes who throw from a seated position There are three main events to the Athletics competition:
1.Sprints, middle distance, long distance events and relays.
2.Throwing and jumping.
3.The Marathon. Athletics has been part of The Parlympics since the first Games in Rome in 1960, Athletics has produced some of the most iconic athletes in the history of the Paralympic movement, with legendary people such as Louise Sauvage and Oscar Pistorius making their mark in front of the world. Boccia is a target sport that tests muscle control and accuracy, demanding extreme skill and concentration at the highest level.
Believed to be originally from Ancient Greece, Boccia is a sport with tactics and skill. Played on a rectangular court by singles, pairs and teams, athletes aim to land a boccia ball close to a target ball. Classes, History and Tactics BC1 – athletes may have an assistant to perform actions such as handing them the Boccia balls.
BC2 – athletes require no assistance on court.
BC3 – athletes deliver each ball by using a ramp and have a sports assistant who they instruct to position the ramp for each delivery.
BC4 – athletes often use an underhand pendulum swing to release the ball. Boccia was introduced to the Paralympics at the New York and Stoke Mandeville 1984 Games. Today the sport is currently played competitively in more than 50 countries worldwide. Judo is the only martial art in The Paralympics. Coming from jujitsu and was made an official sport in the late 19th century, Judo makes an athlete show attack and defense skills. It is a sport for visually impaired athletes. The game is tense and exciting. Classses, History and Tactics Three classes of athletes compete in Judo: B1, B2 and B3. B1 athletes are classed as blind, while B2 and B3 have different degrees of visual impairment. All athletes compete together.

B1 athletes have a red circle sewn on to the sleeves of their judogi (judo suits). This is in order for the officials to apply the rules according to their special circumstances. When an athlete is also deaf as well as visually impaired, a small blue circle will be put on the back of the judogi. With Japanese origin, words used in judo are all Japanese. There is very little difference between Paralympic Judo and Olympic Judo. The main difference is that to position themselves, players must have physical contact with their opponent before each game begins. B – tandem
H1–H4 – athletes use a handcycle (Road only)T1–T2 – athletes use a tricycle (Road only)
C1–C5 – athletes use a bicycle, often with modifications
The lower the athlete’s class number, the greater the impact of impairment on their ability to compete. Classes, History and Tactics The first Track Cycling races at the Paralympic Games took place at the Atlanta 1996 Games. The 2012 Games contain more medals to be one then ever before. Lyn Lepore took home a full set of medals from the Sydney 2000 Games, proving herself to be among the top Paralympic cyclists across both Road and Track events.
At the 2000 Paralympic Games, she won a silver medal in the women’s 1km Time Trial Tandem open event, and then scoring a bronze medal in the Individual Pursuit Tandem open event.
Alongside these victories on the Track, Lyn also won the Tandem open event in the Road Cycling discipline, all shared with her tandem partner Lynette Nixon.
In 2001 she was awarded the Medal of the Order of Australia for her service to sport as a gold medalistist at the Sydney 2000 Paralympic Games. Lee Pearson is a 10 time gold medalist for the Paralympic Games. He has a rare disease called arthrogryposis multiplex congenita which means a person's muscles will be weakened and may need support while walking, running etc.

In all of his Paralympic Events since 2000, he has won gold every single time until the London 2012 Paralympic Games, where he won one gold and one silver.
Lea said that in the 2016 Rio Paralympic Games, he would aim for gold, but with a different horse. Australia!!! Great Britain Canada Photos By Julia Kenny Archery

Athletics

Boccia

Cycling Road

Cycling Track

Equestrian

Football 5-a-side Football 7-a-side

Goalball

Judo

Powerlifting

Rowing

Sailing

Shooting Swimming

Table Tennis

Sitting Volleyball

Wheelchair Basketball

Wheelchair Fencing

Wheelchair Rugby

Wheelchair Tennis Sir Ludwig Guttman's idea wasn't originally The Paralympic Games. Sir Ludwig was a neurosurgeon. He worked at the Stoke Mandeville Hospital in Ayslebury, England. His games were called The International Wheelchair Games. He first organised The Wheelchair Games to occur at the same time as The Modern Olympics. Even though The Wheelchair Games where unofficial, many athletes from around the world came to compete. After awhile, Guttman decided to make the games official. He finally succeeded in 1960, to make the first Paralympic Games. For the first few Paralympic Games, the events were mostly wheelchair games but over time there were events for a wider range of disabled athletes to compete in. Dramas Wheelchair Basketball Controversy At the 2000 Paralympics in Sydney, one of the most infamous events happened. Spain was stripped of their medals for intellectual disability basketball gold medals after Carlos Ribagorda, a player on the scandal team and also an undercover journalist, told Spain that his team mates hadn't taken medical tests to prove that the had a disability. Qualifing To qualify you have to be one of the following: An Amputee-

Having Cerebral Palsy-


Having Intellectual Disability-


Being Les Autres-


Being Visually Impaired-

Having a Wheelchair- This category include people with a major joint missing
Cerebral Palsy affects muscle control, reflexes and movement
In this category, athletes must have an IQ of 70 or less for in at least two of the following; Social Skills, Self-Care etc.
Les Autres is French for 'the others'. This category is for other disabilities not listed in other categories.
Being legally blind
An athlete must have lost at least 10% of function in their legs. THE END
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