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THE GILDED AGE

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Bethany Petty

on 14 February 2014

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Transcript of THE GILDED AGE

THE GILDED AGE
INDUSTRIALIZATION
REGIONAL INDUSTRIALIZATION
PROGRESSIVE ERA
A. The Basics of the Industrial Revolution
1. Railroads
a. benefits of travel by rail...reliable means of moving goods and products
2. The use of STEEL
a. The Bessemer Process
b. Andrew Carnegie
3. Petroleum
a. Crude Oil
b. John D. Rockefeller
-horizontal integration
B. Culture of the Industrial Revolution
B. Democratization
1. 17th Amendment
2. Referendum
3. Primary
A. Reforming the Cities
1. By 1900, 30% of the population lived in cities
2. Immigrants and the poor moved to cities
3. Settlement Houses
C. Women's Progressivism
1. National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA)
2. National Women's Party (NWP)
3. Alice Paul
1. Big Business
a. monopolies
b. working conditions
2. Politics
c. "Wealth"
EDMODO POST:
After reading "Wealth" by Andrew Carnegie, answer the following question on edmodo:
How does Carnegie believe that a person's wealth should be used? Do you agree or disagree with Carnegie? Explain your position

Also, respond to at least one other students' post.
c. Social Darwinism
a. Political Favors
1. Tammany Hall
-Boss Tweed
-social help for votes
1. National Labor Union
2. Order of the Knights of St. Crispin
3. Knights of Labor
-The Haymarket Riot (1886)
C.What are unions?
4. AFL
5. American Socialist Party
6. CONFLICT!
-business owners HATED unions
-used BLACKLISTS and YELLOW DOG CONTRACTS to break union power
A. The North
1. The rich
-Vanderbilt
-Stuyvesant Fish
-"Diamond" Brady
2. The poor
-tenement houses
3. Immigration
CONSTRUCTED RESPONSE!!
B. The "New South"
1. Industrialization
2. Race Relations
-"Second Mississippi Plan"
-Jim Crow Laws
3. Plessy v Ferguson
4. Attempts at reform
-Niagra Movement
-Juneteenth
-Tuskegee Institute
C. The West
1. Industrializing the West
-cattle
-meatpacking plants
2. Indian Relations
-Indian Wars
-Sand Creek Massacre (1864)
-President Grant's "Peace Plan"
-Americanize the Indians
-Little Bighorn
-General Custer "gold among the roots of the grass"
-encouraged Americans to invade
-Dawes General Allotment Act (1887)
Battle of Wounded Knee (1890)
3. Chinese-American Relations
-racism
-Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)
-banned immigration of Chinese laborers for 10 years
-prohibited citizenship for Chinese immigrants already in the United States
D. Politics and Culture of the Progressive Era
1. Teddy Roosevelt
a. TRUST BUSTER!
- Sherman Anti-Trust Law (1890)
-Teddy Roosevelt and JP Morgan
http://www.history.com/videos/theodore-roosevelt-vs-corporate-america
b. A Man of Contradictions
- The National Forest Service
Actively read this primary source. What was the goal of the Niagara Movement?
D. Populism
1. The Populist Party
-new technologies from the industrial revolution allowed farmers to yield more crops
-purchasing machinery costs money
-farmers went DEEPLY in debt
a move to remonetize silver
-deflation
-paper money and silver were taken out of circulation
-the nation used the gold standard
-gold became scarce...prices of goods fell...smaller profit...less money to repay debt
2. Populism in Politics
-farmers unite and create alliances, which fail
-Dr. Charles Macune's Subtreasury Plan
this would allow the government to store crops and offer farmers low cost loans
it failed
ACTIVITY!!!
1. List at least two ideas that came from the Populist Movement
2. In a group (created by Mrs. Petty) discuss the ideas you listed.
AS A GROUP, determine the most important contribution of the Populist Party
3. Be ready to discuss and defend your ideas in class
*Teddy Roosevelt created nature preservation systems...and he was a hunter
-The "Bully Pulpit"
*though he was from a wealthy family, he denounced wealthy big businesses
-A more "manly" America
*boxed in the White House, led the Rough Riders, and won the Nobel Peace Prize
Teddy Roosevelt wrote OVER THREE DOZEN BOOKS
FUN FACTS
T.R. suffered from asthma, severe stomach pains, and was a very sickly child
T.R. spoke for over an hour with a bullet in his chest
c. Go America!
-over a two year period, 16 battleships made an appearance on 6 continents
4. Muckrakers
2. William Howard Taft
3. Woodrow Wilson
4. Reform
-Education Reform
-John Dewey
-allow children to be educated in what they WANT to learn
-make good moral choices!
-legislation
-Pure Food and Drug Act
-eugenics
http://exhibits.hsl.virginia.edu/eugenics/3-buckvbell/
-T.R.'s handpicked successor...
-busted more trusts than Roosevelt, including U.S. Steel
-struggled with Roosevelt in election of 1912 to win the Republican nomination
-Wilson's Progressive Reforms
-signed the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, creating regional banking system under the control of the federal government
-pushed for reduction of tariffs
-established the Federal Trade Commission to prevent abusive business practices
On a side note...
Wilson never supported the social reforms proposed by the "Progressives"
Full transcript