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An Ant Colony Analogy to an Animal Cell

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Sydnee D

on 31 March 2015

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Transcript of An Ant Colony Analogy to an Animal Cell

An Ant Colony Analogy to an Animal Cell
By Sydnee D.
Cells and Ant Colony
Cell Membrane- the exterior of the Ant Hill/ Colony
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum- Worker Ants
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum- Soldier Ants
Ribosomes- Ant Eggs
Nucleus- The Queen Ant
Mitochondria- The Food The Ants Eat
Golgi apparatus- Life Cycle Of The Ant
Centrioles- Caring For The Eggs
Lysosomes- Waste In Colony
Vacuole/ Vesicles- Food Storage
Cytoplasm- Dirt And Clay Walls

Thank You For Watching!
References:
How Stuff Works http://home.howstuffworks.com/home-improvement/household-hints-tips/insect-control/common-locations-for-ant-nests.htm 1998-2015
How Stuff Works http://animals.howstuffworks.com/insects/ant-info3.htm 1998-2015
Myrm's Ant Nest, http://www.antnest.co.uk/colony.html 2000-2015
Cell Membrane - Exterior of Ant Colony
The Cell Membrane is the barrier around the cell that separates the interior from the exterior as well as protecting from threats.

An Ant Colony much like a Cell also has a cell membrane, the Exterior of the hill/colony acts as the boarder between the inside and the outside. Protecting the contents and the Ants, providing security for the Queen and her eggs, resulting in a thriving population.
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
The Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum is covered with Ribosomes that build proteins within the cell. These proteins are then packaged in Vesicles and transported.

In the Ant Colony, larger Ants called Guard or Soldier Ants are sent to the exterior of the hill to protect those inside. These Ants are often larger than the rest and are often sent out in groups much like the proteins built by the Ribosomes.
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Ribosomes
Nucleus
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
The Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum, much like the Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum only it does not contain Ribosomes that build proteins. Instead, it synthesizes lipids as well as larger 'packaged' molecules, typically proteins and lipids. These are then transported to the Cell Membrane or the Golgi Apparatus.

In an Ant Colony, the Worker Ants are often sent outside the colony in larger groups than the Soldier Ants are. This is often for food scavenging. The larger groups of Ants sent out is related to the larger packages that are sent out of the Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum.
The Ribosomes are in the Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum and produce proteins

In the Ant Colony, Ant eggs are produced by the Queen. Although the Ants are actually formed inside the egg, much like how Ribosomes are in the Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum, but the Ribosomes actually produce the protein itself.





The Nucleus is the powerhouse of a Cell, that directs the activities that occur in the Cell. It also contains DNA of the genetic material.

The Queen in an Ant Colony is much like the Nucleus of a Cell, she is the powerhouse that reproduces with the basic DNA of her Colony. As well as giving basic direction to the other Ants about tasks.
Mitochondria
The Mitochondria provides the energy the cell needs to work and function. Chemical reactions that take place within the Mitochondria convert food molecules into energy that the cell can use to function normally.

In an Ant Colony, they have food that they store. This food provides the Ants energy to do the work they are assigned to do. The food they consume acts like the Mitochondria, giving energy to the cell.
Golgi Apparatus
The Golgi Apparatus receives the packages from the Endoplasmic Reticulum, both rough and smooth. The packages are modified then repackaged to be shipped to different locations around the cell.

The process in which ants are raised is similar to this process. First there is a egg, in which there is a baby Ant, the Ant is then "modified" and cared for before it is shipped off to work around the colony.
Centrioles
Centrioles play a key part in the division of cells. They help by moving the genetic material of the cells around correctly into the new cells.

When the Queen lays eggs, the eggs are put into an Ant egg nursery, where the eggs are cared for until they are grown. If the eggs were not care for it is possible the genetic material of the baby Ant may be threatened.
Lysosomes
Lysosomes help get rid of any waste the cell may have. It uses enzymes to help the digestive process, by breaking down various particles, sometimes from Vesicles.

In some Ant Colonies they will get rid of waste by placing it into certain areas of the Colony walls. Although the waste is not digested, any soiled material that is organic can decompose into the dirt or clay of the walls.
Vacuoles/Vesicles
Vacuoles and Vesicles provide any storage of food, water and sometimes waste that the cell may need. In animal cells there are many smaller Vacuoles and Vesicles.

The storage area for food in an Ant Colony acts as the Vacuoles and Vesicles, providing an area for food and materials to be stored until they are later needed by the Ants to survive.
Cytoplasm
The Cytoplasm acts like the glue that holds everything together. It is a jelly like substance that keeps the separate parts suspended. It contains nutrients that are required to carry out the life of the cell.

The Cytoplasm of an Ant Colony is the dirt and clay the walls on the interior are formed from. Without it the top would collapse and the Ants would not be able to continue living. In the walls there are holes and tunnels which allow the Ant to move around the colony preforming their tasks.
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