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Biome Compare and Contrast

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by

Luke Flantzer

on 22 January 2014

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Transcript of Biome Compare and Contrast

The Biome Report
The Biome Report:
RainForest
Physical Comparison
Temperate Deciduous Forest
Abiotic Factors
Biotic Factors
Climate
Deciduous forest Food Web
Rainforests are made of a mix of Coniferous and Deciduous trees while Deciduous forests are made more of the latter
Both Biomes are known to cover flatlands, hills, and small mountains
Water sources are abundant in both biomes
Deciduous Forest trees may only grow up to around feet while Rainforest trees can grow to be 275 feet
Light is scarce on the Deciduous forest floors and the Rainforest floor
These biomes can bothe be found in Asia, Australia, and South America
Both biomes have a lush variety of vegetation on their forest floors
Both biomes plants have adapted to little sunlight reaching the forest floor
The average temperature range in the rainforest is 68 to 93 degrees F while the temperate deciduous forest aver. temp. range is -22 to 86 degrees F
The average rainfall of the Rainforest is 155 inches per year while average rainfall of the Deciduous forest is 45 inches per year
The soil of the Rainforest is nutrient poor, acidic, and has rapid decomposition.This differs from the Deciduous forest because of its fertile and enriched soil
The average wind speed above a tropical Rainforest is 10 kilometers per hour while the aver. wind speed of a Deciduous forest is around 16 kilometers
Both biomes have around 10 to 12 hours of sunlight per day
Food, Wood, plants needed for pharmaceuticals, fibers, plants, oils, and resins are among the natural resources of the rainforest while food, wood, mined products such as coal, natural gas, and other plants are some of the resources of the deciduous forest
Temperate Deciduous Forest Biome:
Kingdom Plantae: Spinulose Wood Ferns, Oak Trees, Elm Trees, Birch Trees, Carpet Moss
Kingdom Animalia: White Tailed Deer, Grey Squirrel, Wood Mice, Opossums, Cardinals
Kingdom Fungi: Lichens, Mushrooms, Toadstools, Shelf Fungi, Puffballs
Kingdom Protista: Volvox aureus, Paramecium, Colpoda, Amoeba, Pseudotrichonympha parabasalia
Kingdom Eubacteria: E. Coli, Quercux petraea, Bacillus subtilus, Elocridium butyricum, Pesudotsga menziensii
Rainforest Biome:
Kingdom Plantae: Bamboo, Banana Trees, Orange Trees, Orchids, Vines
Kingdom Animalia: Anteater, Jaguar, Lemur, Orangutan, Parrot
Kingdom Fungi: Bracket Fungus, Gilled Fungus, Stinkhorn Fungus, Sac Fungus, Cup Fungus
Kingdom Protista: Flagellites, Plasmodium, Thallasiosira, Bluegreen Algae, Brown Algae
Kingdom Eubacteria: Nostoc, Scytonema, Stigonema, klebsella, Azotobacter
Temperate Deciduous Forests tend to have a milder climate with a mix of hot and cold weather while Rainforests have a hot and humid climate with a rarely significantly changing temperature
The Deciduous Forest has 4 seasons(Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter) while the Rainforest only has 2( Rainy and Dry)
Their humidities differ slightly by the Deciduous Forest's being 60-80% while the Rainforest's is 77% to 88%
The Latitude areas of these two biomes are 23.5 degrees N Latitude and 23.5 degrees S Latitude for the Rainforest and 23 degrees N Latitude and 38 degrees S Latitude for the Deciduous Forest
Abnormal Weather:
Around half of the Amazon Rainforest was directly affected by a 2010 drought
1st Level Consumer:
Leaf Eating Insect
2nd Level Consumer:
Small Bird
3rd Level Consumer:
Cougar
Producer:
Small Tree
Decomposer:
Shelf Fungus
RAinforest Food Web
Decomposer:
Mushrooms
3rd Level Consumer:
Jaguar
2nd Level
Consumer:
Red Eyed
Tree Frog
1st Level
Consumer:
Leaf Eating
Insects
Producer:
Banana Tree
Human Impact
Deciduous Forest:
Deforestation- Humans are cutting down entire forests to use the wood for houses, ships, paper, and furniture. This enriched soil filled land is often also used for farming
Pollution- Air and water pollution pollutes water sources and pollutes air which is unhealthy for vegetation. Chemicals and Waste thrown out from factories and people pollute the water and make it undrinkable. Polluted water often affects water organisms greatly and causes them to die
Acid Rain- Coal burning power plants, car fuel, and other sources mix with rain and over time, the rain kills trees and other plants and does great harm to water organisms
Prevention- Steps are being taken to limit deforestation in US deciduous forests. New laws are in place to limit the amount of pollution factories release if they are allowed to release it at all
Rainforests:
Deforestation- Populous and beautiful rainforests are being cut down by companies looking to use their rare and precious wood. More than 300,000 acres of the Amazon Rainforest has been deforested
Oil Operations- Oil companies are pressuring the Guatemalan government to allow them to explore and drill for oil in the Tikal Biosphere Preserve. This can cause the displacement of many animal species and the extinction of plant species

Species Endangerment- Around half of the world's plant and animal species live in the rainforests. Deforestation of their homes and the poaching/smuggling of these species have made many of them endangered to a certain degree and face extinction if this does not stop
Prevention- Again
laws are being put in
place limit the amount of deforestation
and to help protect
endangered species and
to help them thrive
and grow. There is also work in the preservation of local
tribe's cultures and
homeland.
Fascinating Facts
Facts:
#1. Rainforests are being cut down at a rate of 100 acres per minute
#2. There are 4 layers of the rainforest( The emergent, the canopy, the understory, the forest floor)
#3. The Emergent layer of the rainforest is much higher than the average canopy height( Ranging up to 270 feet)
#4. The Amazon Rainforest covers 1.4 Billion acres in the Amazon River Basin
#5. The Amazon Rainforest has been in existence for at least 55 million years
#6. The Temperate Deciduous Forest is subdivided into five zones
#7. These zone levels are dependant on the height of the trees
#8. Many deciduous trees contain sap that they use to keep their roots from freezing in the winter
#9. Animals of the Temperate Deciduous Forest have be extremely adaptive to deal with the ever changing seasons
#10. The growing season of the Temperate Deciduous Forest lasts for about 6 months
By Luke Flantzer
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