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Surrealism

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Julia Roach

on 13 January 2014

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Transcript of Surrealism

Surrealism
What is Surrealism?
A 20th-century avant-garde (new and unusual or experimental ideas) movement in art and literature that sought to release the creative potential of the unconscious mind by the irrational juxtaposition of images.
According to the major spokesman of the movement, the poet and critic André Breton, who published "The Surrealist Manifesto" in 1924,
"Surrealism was a means of reuniting conscious and unconscious realms of experience so completely, that the world of dream and fantasy would be joined to the everyday rational world in "an absolute reality, a surreality."
The Top Artists in the Surrealism Movment...
6. Paul Delvaux


5. Max Ernst


4. Frida Kahlo


1. Salvador Dali
He was narcissistic and very commercial, he had a very disturbing mind.

He is the King when it comes to surrealism.

Dalí was highly imaginative, and also enjoyed indulging in unusual and grandiose behavior. His eccentric manner and attention-grabbing public actions sometimes drew more attention than his artwork.



Artists still follow Surrealist ideals today by using highly symbolic imagery to provoke thoughts and emotions from viewers. Because of Surrealism, I believe people are more willing to give their own interpretation of what art means to them because when it comes to this art form it is all about the eye of beholder.

There are no deliberate key descriptors other than an artist reaching into their own subconscious and putting it down on canvas any which way they want.
Surrealism developed out of the Dada activities during World War I and the center of the movement was in Paris.
The movement represented a reaction against what its members saw as the destruction wrought by the "rationalism" that had guided European culture and politics in the past and had culminated in the horrors of World War I.
He was born in Belgium in 1897.

His works often include nude female bodies, sleepwalkers.

In his paintings you can find incredible contrast between day and night, interiors and landscapes, but for me the most amazing thing about him is how he puts a modern character into a old time setting or the opposite.

It is almost like he wants to tell us that
time and space are changing , people always stay the same and they are a symbol of eternity.

6. Paul Delvaux
5. Max Ernst
He was a German artist born in 1891.

A prolific artist, Ernst was a primary pioneer of the Dada movement and Surrealism
She didn’t defined herself as a surrealist artist although her works are definitely are full of dream-like elements.

She was born in Mexico in 1907.

She often painted herself because she claims that there is no other subject in the world that
she knows better.

4. Frida Kahlo
He is a German born in 1902.

Most people might find him and his artwork very creepy.

He is perhaps best known for The Doll, a series of startling objects, photographs and drawings, depicting doll parts
arranged in provocative positions
3. Hans Bellmer
He was born in 1898 in Belgium.

His paintings often place ordinary objects in unusual and unexpected contexts, thus forcing the viewer to observe reality in a new way.

2. Renné Magritte
3. Hans Bellmer


2. René Magritte



1. Salvadore Dali
The false Mirror By René Magritte
The main differences in the two paintings are the colouring and the scene depicted in the middle of the eye.
In Renés painting he has a bright blue sky in the iris whereas I have a stormy sky.
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