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Guam Seal and Flag
Transcript of Guam Seal and Flag
– At a ceremony in Hagatna, the Guam flag was raised for the first time.
April 4, 1930
– The formal adoption of the official seal of the territory of Guam, under the administration of Governor Willis W. Bradley Jr.
May 12, 1931
– On this day Governor Willis W. Bradley Jr. reconfirmed the approval of the flag shown on the “Plan of Guam Flag” and that same flag was designated as the Island Flag of Guam.
February 9, 1948
– Red borders on the Guam flag was added after WWII.
MAIN DISPUTE ON THE GUAM SEAL DESIGNER
Francisco Feja supposedly designed the Guam seal in 1913 and Helen Paul submitted the plans for the Guam flag in 1917 of Feja’s work. There are three stories on how Paul stole Feja’s work:
WHO DESIGNED THE SEAL?
There are 3 possible inspirations of the
Guam seal and flag:
History of the
Guam Seal and Flag
July 4, 1917
- Governor Roy C. Smith approved and recorded in Washington D.C. the "Plan of Guam Flag".
Guam seAL AND FLAG
July 4, 1917
- The center portion of the Guam flag was taken and approved by Governor Roy C. Smith to be the "Official Coat of Arms" for the territory of Guam.
July 6, 1917
– Two days after the “Plan of Guam Flag” was approved, the flag was unveiled for the first time at a Hagatna parade.
February 9, 1948
- The Guam Flag was officially accepted by the Guam Congress.
1.)A photograph by Governor Robert E. Coontz’s collection from 1912.
2.)The works of local artist Francisco Feja.
3.)The works of Helen Paul the wife of a U.S. Navy officer
1) Delfina Feja Arciga is the daughter of Francisco Feja. Her story is that Feja gave one of his paintings to the first lady at the time, and Delfina says Helen Paul must have seen the painting and used it for the design of the flag in 1917.
2) Lawrence J. Cunningham’s story says that he had heard Helen Paul and her husband used to stroll along the waterfront in Agana in the evenings and that is where they met the young Feja as he was painting the Guam seal.
3) Last story is, Bernadita Camacho-Dungca, whose father was a friend of Feja’s says that Feja was sitting on the steps of the governor’s office painting the seal, when Paul came up, saw the painting and exclaimed how wonderful it was. Dungca said that, in Chamorro culture if someone admires something of yours it is customary for you to give it to whoever admires it. She said Feja gave the design to Paul and later used it in her design of the Guam flag.
THREE DIFFERENT STORIES ON HOW HELEN PAUL DISCOVERED
FRANCISCO FEJA'S DESIGN OF THE GAUM SEAL:
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SEAL
The Guam seal shows the Hagatna Bay, a coconut tree, a flying proa, two lovers point in the background, GUAM in the center colored red, and encircled by a red oval with points at both ends.
"Guam, Land of the Chamorros"
Full link of article at "http://ns.gov.gu/icons/fecha.guamseal.guampdn.2004feb9.monday.pg2.jpg"
Article of dispute on who designed the seal.
This is the spot that is believed to be the inspiration to the Guam seal and represents the willingness to share resources.
The coconut tree has two meanings:
1.) First, it is the ability to grow in unfertile sand. This is said to represent the determination of the Chamorro people to thrive under any circumstance.
2.) Secondly, it represents the Chamorro’s “Tree of Life” by providing shelter, clothing, and food. The coconut tree played a major role in the lives of the ancient Chamorros.
It symbolizes the strength, intelligence, and skill of the ancient Chamorros, who built and navigated these vessels. It also symbolizes the courage and freedom of the Chamorros.
TWO LOVERS POINT
It portrays the people’s faithfulness and commitment to passing their proud heritage, culture, and language to the future generations.
(Puntan Dos Amantes)
5. Encircling these symbols of strength and culture is an oval pointed at either end. This shape that encircles these symbols mirrors that of the Chamorro sling stone used by ancient Chamorros as a weapon and it represents protection.
According to the Organic Act of Guam 1GCA, Chapter 4, Sections 410 and 411, “The Lieutenant Governor of Guam shall have custody of the Great Seal of the Territory of Guam,” thus the Lieutenant Governor is the official “keeper” of the seal.
Guam Flag | Guam Flags. (n.d.). Retrieved April 22, 2014, from http://hotguam.com/guam-flag
Guam Flag, Colors, Guam Flag Meaning, Pictures, Facts. (n.d.). Retrieved April 27, 2014, from http://www.altiusdirectory.com/Travel/guam-flag.php
Guam Flag. (n.d.). Retrieved April 22, 2014, from http://www.mapsofworld.com/flags/guam-flag.html
The Guam Seal » Office of the Lieutenant Governor of Guam. (n.d.). Retrieved April 20, 2014, from http://lt.guam.gov/the-guam-seal/
Reynolds, L., & Smith, D. (2010, July 26). Guam Seal and Flag | Guampedia: The Encyclopedia of Guam. Retrieved April 20, 2014, from http://guampedia.com/guam-seal-and-flag/
Smith, W. (n.d.). flag of Guam (United States territorial flag) -- Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved April 21, 2014, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1355257/flag-of-Guam
Villaverde , R. (n.d.). The Great Seal and Flag of Guam or Guahan with Description. Retrieved April 20, 2014, from http://ns.gov.gu/seal.html
That concludes my presentation on the Guam seal and flag!
By: Kaimana Aquino