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Cradle Cap

A Cradle Cap presentation
by

Mateusz Panek

on 11 December 2015

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Transcript of Cradle Cap

by Mateusz Panek, Seong Jin Park,
Niva Rajendran & Sana Naveel
A happy and fullfilled baby
SUDDENLY!!!
HOWEVER!
Treatment
Thank You!
Pathophysiology
&
Aetiology
skin cells remain oily and don't dry out
Misconceptions about Cradle Cap
Cradle Cap
Who are Timmys?
Cradle Cap
Infantile Seborrhoeic Dermatitis
YELLOW CRUSTY SCALES
ON BABY'S SCALP
Usually Harmless
Meet
Timmy! :)

BABY CARE
Epidemiology
Who is Timmy?
Children 3 weeks - 1 year
Peak prevalance ~3 months
Equal incidence in boys & girls
References
http://cks.nice.org.uk/seborrhoeic-dermatitis#!scenario
http://www.newkidscenter.com/How-To-Get-Rid-Of-Cradle-Cap.html
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=17656992
http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/skin/cradle_cap.html#
http://www.beauty-and-the-bath.com/baby-cradle-cap.html
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wKix0y3CBII#t=138
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/218942.php
http://www.mydoctorschemist.com/health-advice/skin-problems
http://antibiotic-action.com/aa-resources/

Something is not quite right
What's wrong with Timmy?
Symptoms
patchy scaling of the scalp
greasy or dry skin covered
with flaky white or brown
or yellow scales
hair may come away with the flakes
there may be a slight redness too
NOT ITCHY
can also be seen on a baby's face (eyebrows or eyelids) or ears
See the doctor if:
swelling (indicative of an infection)
spreading to other parts of the body
bleeding (could cause an infection)
But why did it happen to Timmy?
overactive sebaceous glands
old skin cells normally dry out and fall off the scalp
build up of cells on the scalp
Causes?
Uncertain
Several theories
Non-contagious
ALTERNATIVE
Yeast
Malassezia furfur
causes inflammation
mother or baby given antibiotics within perinatal period
antibiotics destroy damaging bacteria but can also destroy the friendly bacteria that prevent things like fungal infection

DUE TO
Maternal hormones still in baby's circulation
Stimulate sebaceous gland
Other possibilities
biotin deficiency
genetic predisposition to allergies
Cleared up within a few months on its own
Massage or brush baby’s scalp
Wash baby’s scalp with gentle baby shampoo (up to once a day)
Rub a small amount of pure, natural oil – such as almond or olive oil (Make sure to wash off!)

- Antifungal ketoconazole
(2% ketoconazole containing shampoo. E.g. Nizoral® 2%
- Hydrocortisone cream helpful to reduce inflammation and redness
(1% Hydrocortisone cream. E.g. Boots Derma Care)

Drug treatment only if recommended by a doctor
Non Drug Treatment Advised
Timmy's going to be fine!
Not contagious
Do not confuse with:
Eczema -> Cradle Cap not itchy
Psoriasis -> No profound redness/inflammation
But how to help Timmy?
Let's all be grateful for the Pharmacists! :)
due to decreased resistance
Full transcript