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Martin Luther King Jr. Biography Presentation
Transcript of Martin Luther King Jr. Biography Presentation
A Biography Presentation
By: Raymond Truong 8E The greatest achievement of Martin Luther King Jr. of all was him inspiring others to fight against racism and segregation with non-violence and his success of symbolizing this himself. He has inspired many people all over the world and his story is told at school to children for a reason. Proof of his success and symbolic strength is Martin Luther King Jr. Day, honoring Martin on every third Monday of January. Martin also has a memorial in Washington, D.C. He didn’t stop peaceful civil right acts despite being assaulted numerous times and having his house bombed. He was threatened and harassed for something wrong that he was trying to make right. His encouragement empowered the students doing sit-ins and proved that if something is wrong, it can be righted with enough support.
http://tinyurl.com/c3oas5l On May, 1941, aged twelve, Martin’s Grandmother Jennie died, and Martin allegedly attempted suicide after the death of Jennie by jumping out of a window at home as it was a traumatic experience for him.
Martin attended Booker T. Washington High School, and skipped ninth and eleventh grades, showing great academic skills. He graduated at the age of fifteen on 1944. In 1953, Martin married Coretta Scott. They had four children, Yolanda, Martin Luther King III, Dexter Scott and Bernice. (http://www.biography.com/people/martin-luther-king-jr-9365086?page=2)
“1954, Martin became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama.” (http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1964/king-bio.html)
http://tinyurl.com/7hur6kp On March 7, 1965 in Montgomery, a civil rights march became violent and marchers and demonstrators were brutally assaulted by police. It caught the attention of Martin, and he acted immediately, conducting a non-violent march. On http://tinyurl.com/6hqxvt2 Martin Luther King Jr. was born in January 15, 1929, Atlanta, Georgia. Martin Luther King Jr. was the middle child of Michael King Sr. and Alberta Williams King. Martin had an older sister, Willie Christine, and a younger brother, Alfred Daniel Williams King. (http://www.biography.com/people/martin-luther-king-jr-9365086?page=1) Martin Luther King Jr. died in April 4, 1968, Memphis, Tennessee, at Lorraine Motel. He was assassinated, through sniping on his balcony by former convict, James Earl Ray. His death was a very controversial topic and many inferences have been made because of James Earl Ray such as denying he was the only one in on the crime. James Earl Ray was caught and died in jail after a 99 year jail sentence. Martin gave a speech a day prior to death saying, “I've seen the promised land. I may not get there with you. But I want you to know tonight that we, as a people, will get to the promised land.” during a campaign. Martin’s death caused many riots for being such a powerful representative. Martin, born Michael Luther King Jr., changed his name. He began public school at the age of five, attending segregated public schools in Georgia, but was taught how to read beforehand by his mother. On May, 1936, Martin was baptized and was part of a family with a religious history through working at churches. http://tinyurl.com/cs4h4jj http://tinyurl.com/chzjn68 Martin continued with his education as an adult and received the B. A. degree in 1948 from Morehouse College; a distinguished Negro institution of Atlanta from which both his father and grandfather had graduated from. (http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1964/king-bio.html) On 1948, Martin attended the liberal Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania (http://www.biography.com/people/martin-luther-king-jr-9365086?page=2)
Martin won a fellowship at Crozer, and he enrolled in graduate studies at Boston University, completing his dissertation for the doctorate in 1953 and receiving the degree in 1955. (http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1964/king-bio.html) Some things have had to influence Martin and some things which changed his life. On March 2, 1955, a 15-year-old girl, Claudette Colvin refused to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery city bus in violation of local law. (http://www.biography.com/people/martin-luther-king-jr-9365086?page=2)
On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was on a bus where a law dictating segregation requirements caused Rosa Parks to be arrested for refusing to give up her seat for white men who were standing. This led to Martin Luther King Jr. leading a citywide bus boycott after the incident. The boycott lasted 382 days and caused people to walk to work, suffering the elements, and suffer without transportation. The law requiring segregation on buses in Montgomery was lifted after the protest, marking a great success in Martin’s path.
http://tinyurl.com/c2he67d 1956, Martin’s house was bombed by people opposed to his want for change. Martin was unsafe but continued to fight even after. On 1957, January, The Southern Christian Leadership Conference was founded and conducted non-violent protests for changes in civil rights. This group was successful on conducting protests. Bayard Rustin who studied Gandhi’s teachings promoted the principles of non-violence to Martin became Martin’s mentor and advisor despite people being against it as Rustin was “a homosexual with alleged ties with the Communist Party, USA.” (http://www.biography.com/people/martin-luther-king-jr-9365086?page=4)
http://tinyurl.com/ckg9527 On 1960, February, at Greensboro, North Carolina, African-American students began movements in which they would sit at segregated lunch tables and remain seated despite orders and overcame abuse to protest against segregation. These protests were called “sit-ins”. http://tinyurl.com/cytzp99 In 1963 in Birmingham, Alabama, Martin started a demonstration campaign and was jailed, at the end of the campaign, he organized a large demonstration during the campaign where over 200,000 people showed up and Martin delivered the famous “I Have a Dream” speech. “This resulted in the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 authorizing the federal government to enforce desegregation of public accommodations and outlawing discrimination in publicly owned facilities.” (http://www.biography.com/people/martin-luther-king-jr-9365086?page=5) http://tinyurl.com/d79xvxb 1964, Martin became the youngest man to ever receive the Nobel Peace Prize and donated all the prize funds to continue with the civil rights movement. One of Martin Luther King Jr. most notable accomplishments was the bus boycott that led to the desegregation of buses in Montgomery. The influence for this in my opinion was on December 1, 1955, when Rosa Parks was on a bus where a law dictating segregation requirements caused Rosa Parks to be arrested for refusing to give up her seat for white men who were standing. Martin Luther King Jr. leaded a citywide bus boycott after the incident that lasted 382 days and had some people walking as their only form of transportation. The law requiring segregation on buses in Montgomery was lifted after the protest as because too much money was lost.
http://tinyurl.com/bvc73at Another great accomplishment was in 1957, January, when The Southern Christian Leadership Conference was founded and conducted non-violent protests for changes in civil rights. During February, 1958, The Southern Christian Leadership Conference registered many black voters in the south. Martin lectured all over the country about racism and segregation with the group.
On 1960, February, at Greensboro, North Carolina, African-American students began movements in which they would sit at segregated lunch tables and remain seated despite orders and overcame abuse to protest against segregation. Martin encouraged students to prepare sit-ins and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee formed and worked with The Southern Christian Leadership Conference. “By August of 1960, the sit-ins had been successful in ending segregation at lunch counters in 27 southern cities.” (http://www.biography.com/people/martin-luther-king-jr-9365086?page=4) http://tinyurl.com/d4tpm55 http://tinyurl.com/clwxjqp Bibliography
"Martin Luther King Jr. - Biography". Nobelprize.org. 18 Mar 2013 http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1964/king-bio.html
"Martin Luther King Jr. Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2013. <http://www.biography.com/people/martin-luther-king-jr-9365086>.