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K-5 Informational Text, Writing and Lexiles
Transcript of K-5 Informational Text, Writing and Lexiles
and Writing http://www.doe.k12.ga.us/Curriculum-Instruction-and-Assessment/Assessment/Documents/Grade%205%20Writing%20Assessment%20Connections%20Resource%20Guide%20August%202012.pdf Resources: 1) Provides the key to success in later schooling
2) Prepares students to handle real-life reading
3) Appeals to readers' preferences
4) Addresses students' questions and interests
5) Builds knowledge of the natural and social world
6) Boosts vocabulary and other kinds of literacy Informational text is important for K-5 (handout) What will CCGPS elementary writing assessment look like for Spring 2013? http://www.doe.k12.ga.us/Curriculum-Instruction-and-Assessment/Assessment/Documents/Grade%203%20Writing%20Assessment%20Connections%20Resource%20Guide%20August%202012.pdf 5th Grade 2012 Writing Assessment Learning Goal (Standard): Increase understanding of the expectations for CCGPS informational text, writing and Lexile. Understand the importance of reading informational text and writing to inform/explain.
Why do students need direct instruction in informational text and writing? How is Lexile connected to informational text, and how does it relate to CCGPS? EQs: (Expository/Persuasive) Fact or Fiction? Lexile and Text Types: The amount of text in K-5 CCGPS ELA is 70% literary and 30% informational. K-2 CCGPS ELA focuses only on narrative and informative/explanatory writing. Fiction: The amount of text in K-5 CCGPS ELA is 50% literary and 50% informational. Fiction: K-2 CCGPS ELA focuses on the 3 writing genres - Narrative, Informative/Explanatory & Argument/Opinion. Writing instruction begins when children know all their letters, sound-to-symbol relationships and know how to spell the words they want to use. Fiction: We don't wait until children can read. Young children are writers as soon as they draw or put a symbol on paper and tell us what it says.
from: Teaching the Youngest Writers by Marcia Freeman Informative/Explanatory writing is driven by the writer's purpose or the reader's need related to the specific subject or topic. Topic: Horses How to groom a horse (step-by-step procedure)
How to ride a horse (step-by-step process)
How horses develop from birth to adult (step-by-step process)
The types of horses (categorical report with emphasis on description)
The uses of horses (categorical report with emphasis on function)
The parts of a horse (categorical report with part-to-whole emphasis)
How horses are different from mules (comparing and contrasting)
Defining a horse (using multiple approaches)
Any combination of the above in the form of a single report Informative/explanatory writing is important because it:
is the most often required writing in school (across content areas).
provides a way for teachers to monitor and extend student understanding.
requires students to build constructs for understanding and retention of information.
is part of everyday life, especially in the workforce (reports, explain procedures, evaluations, letters and other written communication).
requires a deeper level of thought, processing, and organizing other types of writing.
involves multi-step processes for research, thought and planning BEFORE writing. What do Common Core informational text and writing tasks look like? What should we see and hear in a K-5 classroom using informational texts and writing? (handout) Activity: On your handout, highlight the things a visitor would see and hear in your classroom. http://www.readwritethink.org/ http://writingfix.com/index.htm http://readingandwritingproject.com/resources/common-core-standards/student-samples.html http://www.achievethecore.org/steal-these-tools/close-reading-exemplars page 10 page 11 Stacey Wright, Instructional Coach
Carroll County Schools
firstname.lastname@example.org Central Cluster 2012
5th grade Writing Assessment
at a glance: Average Writing Score: 210.27
(individual school averages
range 196-223) Percent in PL 1: 25.4
Percent in PL 2: 64
Percent in PL 3: 9.9
Percent in M & E: 74.56 What is a Lexile? an educational tool lining text and readers under a common metric
characterizes reader with a measure and text with a measure
allows educators to forecast the level of comprehension a reader is likely to experience with a particular text and provide appropriate reading materials Lexile:
level at which a student can read with 75% comprehension
75% comprehension - instructional reading level (certain amount of comfort but still offers a challenge) Reading frustration Text readability is 100L + above reader's Lexile level Reading ease Text readability is 100L + below the reader's Lexile level Reading growth Text readability is within reader's Lexile range Lexile range = between 100L below and 50L above
Example: a student with a 700L score should read in the 600L to 750L range Text Characteristics
age appropriateness of content
text quality Lexiles do not address: Reader Characteristics
interest and motivation
reading context and purpose Lexile expectations per grade: Lexile GPS vs. CCGPS: Resource: Learnzillion
http://learnzillion.com/lessons?utf8=%E2%9C%93&filters%5Bsubject%5D=ela&query=&filters%5Bgrade%5D%5B%5D=3&filters%5Bgrade%5D%5B%5D=4&filters%5Bgrade%5D%5B%5D=5&filters%5Bstrand%5D=RI%3A+Reading+%28Informational+Text%29&filters%5Bstandard%5D= Learnzillion Lesson: (handout)
My Name is Mengmeng
http://learnzillion.com/lessonsets/99 Lexile and Lessons Make the Difference Strategies for teaching Informational Text Model, model, model
Guided Reading, Interactive
Shared Writing Text Feature Scavenger Hunt
Students search through informational text
with a partner looking for as many features
as they can find. They record the feature and
its purpose. Informational Text Lessons http://learnzillion.com/lessons/1204-generate-research-questions Teaching Informational Writing Guided Reading using Extended Texts or other mentor text http://resourcefiles.learnzillion.com.s3.amazonaws.com/lesson/what/What_happened_at_Ball_s_Bluff_PDF.pdf http://learnzillion.com/lessons/1204-generate-research-questions http://www.interventioncentral.org/ www.lexile.com ELA Breakout! PARCC Assessment: Coming 2014-2015