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The Road to the American Revolution

Brief Overview of the Major Events Leading Up to the American Revolution

Amy Rogers

on 19 September 2016

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Transcript of The Road to the American Revolution

The French & Indian War (1754-1763)
Albany Plan of Union (1754)
Proclamation Line of 1763
Salutary Neglect
Tighter Control
The Stamp Act
Sons of Liberty
The Boston Massacre
Boston Tea Party
The war is on!
Benjamin Franklin
suggested that the colonies ban together for defense
This plan was the
first formal proposal to unite the colonies
The plan was ultimately defeated
King George III of England issued a Royal Proclamation in 1763
forbidding colonist to settle west of the Appalachians

Helped removed a source of conflict with Native Americans and kept the colonist on the coast

The colonist were angry with this proclamation because they felt they had earned the right to settle west

10,000 troops were sent to enforce the proclamation causing the
colonist to

believe their freedom was being limited

Taxed all printed materials: newspapers, wills, even playing cards
Affected all the colonist
People urged merchants to boycott British goods
In 1689 the French and English are at war in Europe
French and English colonialist fought in America with their Native American allies
The British win the Battle of Quebec which ends up being a turning point in the war
When the Seven Years' War ended in 1763, Britain had won
The 1763 Treaty of Paris granted Britain all of North America east of the Mississippi River
English colonist were drawn together as they fought against common enemies
Franklin's political cartoon urging the colonist to untie
This hostility helped cause the war for American Independence
Britain practiced salutary neglect towards the colonies prior to 1763
Great Britain needed new revenue, or income, to pay for the troops in the colonies & pay off war debt
Quartering Act
Sugar Act
Stamp Act
Townsend Acts
King George III and the British Parliament issued new taxes on the colonies & enforced old taxes more strictly:
Started by Samuel Adams

Took to the streets to protest the Stamp Act

Peaceful and non peaceful protests
1,000 British soldiers (redcoats) arrived in Boston
On March 5, 1770 tensions exploded into violence
A group of youth and dockworkers began trading insults in front of the Customs House
A fight broke out and the red coats began firing

Five colonist were killed
Crispus Attucks was the first casualty of the American Revolution
In 1773, Parliament passes the Tea Act
Sons of Liberty dressed as Native Americans, boarded 3 tea ships and dumped 342 crates of tea leaves into Boston Harbor
Was supposed to show Britain that the colonist opposed to taxation without representation in Parliament
At other ports, tea ships were not allowed into harbors, tea was taken out of ships and allowed to rot on the docks

The First Continental Congress
September, 1774
Committees of Correspondence called for a meeting of all colonies
55 delegates from all colonies, except Georgia, met in Philadelphia
Voted to ban all trade with England
Colonies began to train militia (civilians trained as soldiers)
Meeting was 1st step towards independent government

The American Revolution begins
Salutary Neglect: the unofficial British policy of lenient or lax enforcement of parliamentary laws regarding the American colonies during the 1600s and 1700s
The American colonies developed very independent-minded legislatures
Because of Britain's war debt, they reversed the policy of Salutary Neglect
These new measures infuriated the American colonists
"No Taxation without Representation"
Daughters of Liberty: Townshend Act
The Midnight Ride
The Intolerable Acts
Parliament passes a series of laws called the Coercive Acts
Punishment for the Boston Tea Party:
Banned town meetings
New Quartering Act was passed
Closed the Boston Harbor until paid for the ruined tea
Stopped shipments of goods
April 18, 1775
Dr. Joseph Warren alerts Paul Revere and William Dawes British troops were marching out of the city
Revere and Dawes rode to Lexington to spread the word
Samuel Prescott carried the warning to Concord
Full transcript